Praja: 8 definitions

Introduction

Praja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Praja (प्रज).—A son of Havirdhāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 24.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prajā (प्रजा).—f (S) A subject; but in general used pl subjects, people of the realm. Pr. yathā rājā tathā prajā. 2 Progeny, offspring, children.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prajā (प्रजा).—f A subject. Progeny, children.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praja (प्रज).—A husband.

Derivable forms: prajaḥ (प्रजः).

--- OR ---

Prajā (प्रजा).—(Changed to prajas at the end of a Bah. compound, when the first member is a, su or dus; as avekṣita- prajaḥ R.8.32; suprajas 18.29.)

1) Procreation, generation, propagation, birth, production.

2) Offspring, progeny, issue; children, brood (of animals); प्रजार्थव्रतकर्शिताङ्गम् (prajārthavratakarśitāṅgam) B.2.73; प्रजायै गृहमेधिनाम् (prajāyai gṛhamedhinām) R.1.7; Ms.3.42; Y.1.269; so बकस्य प्रजा, सर्पप्रजा (bakasya prajā, sarpaprajā) &c.

3) Posterity, descendants.

4) A creature.

6) Subjects, people, mankind; ननन्दुः सप्रजाः प्रजाः (nananduḥ saprajāḥ prajāḥ); R.4.3; प्रजाः प्रजाः स्वा इव तन्त्रयित्वा (prajāḥ prajāḥ svā iva tantrayitvā) Ś.5.5. and स्वाभ्यः प्रजाभ्यो हि यथा तथैव सर्वप्रजाभ्यः शिवमाशशंसे (svābhyaḥ prajābhyo hi yathā tathaiva sarvaprajābhyaḥ śivamāśaśaṃse) Bu. Ch.2.35 (where prajā has sense 2 also); R.1.7;2.73; Ms.1.8.

6) Semen.

7) An era; Buddh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praja (प्रज).—m.

(-jaḥ) A husband. E. pra before, jan to be born, ḍa aff. who is re-born in his children: see prajā .

--- OR ---

Prajā (प्रजा).—f.

(-jā) 1. Progeny, offspring. 2. People, subjects. 3. Propagation, generation. 4. Semen. 5. Mankind. E. pra before, jan to be born, affs. ḍa and ṭāp. This word changed with prajas when used as the last member of a Bahubrihi compound with a, dus or su as the first member.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prajā (प्रजा).—i. e. pra and vb. jan, f. 1. Progeny, offspring, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 42. 2. Creature, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 76. 3. Subjects, people, 1, 89.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praja (प्रज).—[adjective] bringing forth (—°); [feminine] ā procreation, offspring, descendants, children, family; creature, [especially] man, folk, subjects.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praja (प्रज):—[=pra-ja] a See under pra-√jan.

2) [=pra-ja] [from pra-jan] b mf(ā)n. bringing forth, bearing (See a-praja)

3) [v.s. ...] m. a husband, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Prajā (प्रजा):—[=pra-jā] [from pra-ja > pra-jan] a f. See below.

5) [from pra-jan] b f. (ifc. f(ā). ; cf. pra-ja above) procreation, propagation, birth, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] offspring, children, family, race, posterity, descendants, after-growth (of plants), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a creature, animal, man, mankind

8) [v.s. ...] people, subjects (of a prince), [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] seed, semen, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (cf. -niṣeka)

10) [v.s. ...] an era, [Divyāvadāna]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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