Praja: 16 definitions


Praja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Praja (प्रज).—A son of Havirdhāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 24.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Prajā (प्रजा) refers to “offspring”, as mentioned in verse 5.37-39 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] [ghee is] recommended for [...] children, old people, those desirous of offspring [viz., prajā], beauty, great tenderness, and voice, [...]: ghee [viz., ghṛta] (is) possessed of a thousand powers (and), by its (many) ways of application, productive of a thousand effects”.

Note: Prajā (“offspring”) has been translated by bu (“son”), kānti (“beauty”) by mdaṅs bzaṅ (“fair complexion”), and saukumārya (“great tenderness”) by rab gźon (“great youthfulness”) (gźon-pa being so far attested only as an adjective). The following arthin (“desirous of”), which in Sanskrit belongs to prajā, kanti, saukumārya, and svara alike, has in Tibetan been confined to prajā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Praja (प्रज) refers to the “population (of the kingdom)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.101cd-105ab, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“Thus says Lord Siva, The Mantrin should worship Amṛteśa on all special occasions [and] on special dates in the form of Kāma [i.e., any deity that one wishes or is called for by a particular festival]. [He] shall always attain what he desires. He should worship [Amṛteśa] in the form of Indra in order to achieve the protection of the population (prajaprajānāṃ rakṣaṇārthāya), to assure [an abundance of] grains of rice, for the sake of protection in respect to wives and offspring, for the prosperity of his kingdom and for royal victory”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prajā (प्रजा).—f (S) A subject; but in general used pl subjects, people of the realm. Pr. yathā rājā tathā prajā. 2 Progeny, offspring, children.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prajā (प्रजा).—f A subject. Progeny, children.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praja (प्रज).—A husband.

Derivable forms: prajaḥ (प्रजः).

--- OR ---

Prajā (प्रजा).—(Changed to prajas at the end of a Bah. compound, when the first member is a, su or dus; as avekṣita- prajaḥ R.8.32; suprajas 18.29.)

1) Procreation, generation, propagation, birth, production.

2) Offspring, progeny, issue; children, brood (of animals); प्रजार्थव्रतकर्शिताङ्गम् (prajārthavratakarśitāṅgam) B.2.73; प्रजायै गृहमेधिनाम् (prajāyai gṛhamedhinām) R.1.7; Manusmṛti 3.42; Y.1.269; so बकस्य प्रजा, सर्पप्रजा (bakasya prajā, sarpaprajā) &c.

3) Posterity, descendants.

4) A creature.

6) Subjects, people, mankind; ननन्दुः सप्रजाः प्रजाः (nananduḥ saprajāḥ prajāḥ); R.4.3; प्रजाः प्रजाः स्वा इव तन्त्रयित्वा (prajāḥ prajāḥ svā iva tantrayitvā) Ś.5.5. and स्वाभ्यः प्रजाभ्यो हि यथा तथैव सर्वप्रजाभ्यः शिवमाशशंसे (svābhyaḥ prajābhyo hi yathā tathaiva sarvaprajābhyaḥ śivamāśaśaṃse) Bu. Ch.2.35 (where prajā has sense 2 also); R.1.7;2.73; Manusmṛti 1.8.

6) Semen.

7) An era; Buddh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praja (प्रज).—m.

(-jaḥ) A husband. E. pra before, jan to be born, ḍa aff. who is re-born in his children: see prajā .

--- OR ---

Prajā (प्रजा).—f.

(-jā) 1. Progeny, offspring. 2. People, subjects. 3. Propagation, generation. 4. Semen. 5. Mankind. E. pra before, jan to be born, affs. ḍa and ṭāp. This word changed with prajas when used as the last member of a Bahubrihi compound with a, dus or su as the first member.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prajā (प्रजा).—i. e. pra and vb. jan, f. 1. Progeny, offspring, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 42. 2. Creature, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 76. 3. Subjects, people, 1, 89.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praja (प्रज).—[adjective] bringing forth (—°); [feminine] ā procreation, offspring, descendants, children, family; creature, [especially] man, folk, subjects.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praja (प्रज):—[=pra-ja] a See under pra-√jan.

2) [=pra-ja] [from pra-jan] b mf(ā)n. bringing forth, bearing (See a-praja)

3) [v.s. ...] m. a husband, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Prajā (प्रजा):—[=pra-jā] [from pra-ja > pra-jan] a f. See below.

5) [from pra-jan] b f. (ifc. f(ā). ; cf. pra-ja above) procreation, propagation, birth, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] offspring, children, family, race, posterity, descendants, after-growth (of plants), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a creature, animal, man, mankind

8) [v.s. ...] people, subjects (of a prince), [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] seed, semen, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (cf. -niṣeka)

10) [v.s. ...] an era, [Divyāvadāna]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praja (प्रज):—[pra-ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. A husband.

2) Prajā (प्रजा):—[pra-jā] (jā) 1. f. Progeny; subject.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Praja (प्रज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paya, Payā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Praja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prajā (प्रजा):—(nf) subjects; public; ~[taṃtra] democracy; ~[taṃtrātmaka] democratic; ~[tāṃtrika] democratic; ~[pati] the Creator-Lord Brahma:; a pot-maker; ~[pālaka] protector of the subjects; a benevolent king; ~[pālana] protecting/providing subsistence to the subjects; ~[pīḍaka] a tyrant; tyrannical; ~[pīḍana] tyranny; —[sattā] democracy; ~[sattātmaka] democratic; —[hita] well-being of the subjects/public.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Praja (ಪ್ರಜ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಜೆ [praje].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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