Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 3.61

इयं च निष्ठा नियतं प्रजानां प्रमाद्यति त्यक्तभयश्च लोकः ।
मनांसि शङ्के कठिनानि नॄणां स्वस्थास्तथा ह्यध्वनि वर्तमानाः ॥ ६१ ॥

iyaṃ ca niṣṭhā niyataṃ prajānāṃ pramādyati tyaktabhayaśca lokaḥ |
manāṃsi śaṅke kaṭhināni nṝṇāṃ svasthāstathā hyadhvani vartamānāḥ || 61 ||

'Is this end appointed to all creatures, and yet the world throws off all fear and is infatuated! Hard indeed, I think, must the hearts of men be, who can be self-composed in such a road.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.61). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iyam, Idam, Nishtha, Niyata, Praja, Prajana, Pramadin, Pramadi, Tyakta, Bhaya, Loka, Manas, Shanka, Kathina, Nri, Svastha, Tatha, Adhvan, Adhvani, Vartamana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 3.61). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “iyaṃ ca niṣṭhā niyataṃ prajānāṃ pramādyati tyaktabhayaśca lokaḥ”
  • iyam -
  • iyam (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    iyam (nominative single)
    ī (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    iyam (accusative single)
    ī (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    iyam (accusative single)
    idam (pronoun, feminine); (1 der.)
    iyam (nominative single)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • niṣṭhā* -
  • niṣṭha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    niṣṭhāḥ (nominative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (vocative plural)
    niṣṭhā (noun, feminine); (6 der.)
    niṣṭhāḥ (nominative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (vocative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (accusative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (nominative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (vocative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (accusative plural)
    niṣṭhā (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    niṣṭhāḥ (nominative single)
    niṣṭhāḥ (nominative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (vocative single)
    niṣṭhāḥ (vocative plural)
    niṣṭhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • niyatam -
  • niyata (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    niyatam (adverb)
    niyatam (accusative single)
    niyata (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    niyatam (adverb)
    niyatam (nominative single)
    niyatam (accusative single)
    niyatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    niyatam (adverb)
  • prajānām -
  • praja (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    prajānām (genitive plural)
    praja (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    prajānām (genitive plural)
    prajā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    prajānām (genitive plural)
    prajānā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    prajānām (accusative single)
  • pramādya -
  • pramādin (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    pramādi (compound)
    pramādi (adverb)
    pramādī (nominative single)
    pramādin (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    pramādi (compound)
    pramādi (adverb)
    pramādi (nominative single)
    pramādi (vocative single)
    pramādi (accusative single)
    pramādi (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    pramādī (nominative dual)
    pramādī (vocative dual)
    pramādī (accusative dual)
    pramādi (noun, feminine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    pramādī (nominative dual)
    pramādī (vocative dual)
    pramādī (accusative dual)
    pramādi (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    pramādi (nominative single)
    pramādi (vocative single)
    pramādi (accusative single)
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    ati (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • tyakta -
  • tyakta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tyakta (vocative single)
    tyakta (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tyakta (vocative single)
    tyaj -> tyakta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    tyakta (vocative single), from √tyaj (class 1 verb)
    tyaj -> tyakta (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    tyakta (vocative single), from √tyaj (class 1 verb)
  • bhayaś -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    bhayaḥ (nominative single)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • lokaḥ -
  • loka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    lokaḥ (nominative single)
  • Line2: “manāṃsi śaṅke kaṭhināni nṝṇāṃ svasthāstathā hyadhvani vartamānāḥ”
  • manāṃsi -
  • manas (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    manāṃsi (nominative plural)
    manāṃsi (vocative plural)
    manāṃsi (accusative plural)
  • śaṅke -
  • śaṅka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    śaṅke (locative single)
    śaṅkā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    śaṅke (nominative dual)
    śaṅke (vocative single)
    śaṅke (vocative dual)
    śaṅke (accusative dual)
    śaṅk (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    śaṅke (present middle first single)
  • kaṭhināni -
  • kaṭhina (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kaṭhināni (nominative plural)
    kaṭhināni (vocative plural)
    kaṭhināni (accusative plural)
  • nṝṇām -
  • nṛ (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    nṝṇām (genitive plural)
  • svasthās -
  • svastha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    svasthāḥ (nominative plural)
    svasthāḥ (vocative plural)
    svasthā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    svasthāḥ (nominative plural)
    svasthāḥ (vocative plural)
    svasthāḥ (accusative plural)
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    tathāḥ (nominative plural)
    tathāḥ (vocative plural)
    tathāḥ (accusative plural)
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • adhvani -
  • adhvani (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    adhvani (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    adhvani (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    adhvani (nominative single)
    adhvani (vocative single)
    adhvani (accusative single)
    adhvan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    adhvani (locative single)
  • vartamānāḥ -
  • vartamāna (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vartamānāḥ (nominative plural)
    vartamānāḥ (vocative plural)
    vartamānā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    vartamānāḥ (nominative plural)
    vartamānāḥ (vocative plural)
    vartamānāḥ (accusative plural)
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    vartamānāḥ (nominative plural), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)
    vartamānāḥ (vocative plural), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)
    vṛt -> vartamānā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    vartamānāḥ (nominative plural), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)
    vartamānāḥ (vocative plural), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)
    vartamānāḥ (accusative plural), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 3.61

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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