Svastha, Sva-stha: 16 definitions


Svastha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swasth.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Svastha (स्वस्थ).—lit. remaining in its own form without admitting any euphonic change for the final letter; an ancient term for 'pragrhya' of Panini.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svastha (स्वस्थ) refers to being “self-assured”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.26. Accordingly as Śiva said to Nanda, after the latter cursed Dakṣa (and others):—“[...] Who is this? Who are you? Who are these? In reality I am all. Consider everything in this light. In vain did you curse the Brahmins. Extracting the fundamental basis of the construction of the universe through the knowledge of reality, be enlightened and self-assured (svastha), O intelligent one. Be free from anger and other emotions”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

1) Svastha (स्वस्थ) refers to “normal”, and is mentioned in verse 1.16 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Svastha (“normal”) has been paraphrased by tha-mal gnas, which is best turned “being in a normal state”. Strictly speaking, tha-mal(-pa) alone would have done in Tibetan; for gnas (~stha) has been added merely in an effort to make the translation more literal.

2) Svastha (स्वस्थ) also refers to a “healthy person”, as mentioned in a verse sometimes added after 5.18 (cf. Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha I.6 (26cd-27, 31, 28-29).—Accordingly, “[...] water (is) the (spring of) life of (all) living beings, and everything (is) possessed of it; therefore water is in no case prohibited by (any) ever so incisive restriction (on food). Dryness of the mouth, languidness of the limbs etc., or (even) death (result) from its not being taken; for without water (there is) no function (of life either) in a healthy [viz., svastha] or in a diseased (person)”.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Svastha (स्वस्थ):—Healthy; Composed of two words, Swa and Stha. Swa means own, self and Stha means stable, steady, thus Swastha denotes self abiding, being in ones natural / prakritika state. 2. One who is in his own norms, individual who enjoys normal health.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Svastha (स्वस्थ) refers to one of the nine kinds of upaveśana or “sitting postures” (in Sanskrit Dramas), as conveyed through Āṅgikābhinaya: one of the four divisions of Abhinaya or “ways to convey or represent one’s emotion to others”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra and the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, nine kinds of upaveśana i.e., sitting postures are accepted for Drama. The word svastha denotes the position of ease. When a person is sitting at ease by holding legs at a distance, keeping hands on waist and thigh and raising the chest in a relax mood, it is called svastha posture. In this context the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa seems to follow the Nāṭyaśāstra.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svastha (स्वस्थ).—a (S sva & stha) Easy, happy, comfortable; being in calm enjoyment (whether of bodily health and ease, of mental quiet and peace, or of outward prosperity or competence). 2 Cheap. 3 S That stays or relies on self; firm, confident, determined, resolute &c. Note. This meaning, although the literal meaning of the word, is learned and uncommon.

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svasthā (स्वस्था).—a (svastha S through H) Cheap. svasthāī f Cheapness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svasthā (स्वस्था) [-stā, -स्ता].—a Cheap.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svastha (स्वस्थ).—a.

1) self-abiding.

2) self-dependent, relying on one's own exertions, confident, firm, resolute; स्वस्थं तं सूचयन्तीव वञ्चितोऽसीति वीक्षितैः (svasthaṃ taṃ sūcayantīva vañcito'sīti vīkṣitaiḥ) Bu. Ch.4.37.

3) independent.

4) doing well, well, in health, at ease, comfortable; स्वस्थ एवास्मि (svastha evāsmi) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 4; स्वस्थे को वा न पण्डितः (svasthe ko vā na paṇḍitaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.127; see अखस्थ (akhastha) also.

5) contented, happy.

-stham ind. at ease, comfortably, composedly.

Svastha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and stha (स्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svastha (स्वस्थ).—mfn.

(-sthaḥ-sthā-sthaṃ) 1. Confident, resolute, firm, relying upon one’s self. 2. Well, at ease, in health. 3. Self-sufficient. 4. Contented. E. sva self, and stha staying.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svastha (स्वस्थ).—[sva-stha], adj., f. thā, 1. Relying upon one’s self, resolute, [Pañcatantra] 106, 22; firm, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 88. 2. Content, [Pañcatantra] 56, 2. 3. Well, safe, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 63, 12; healthy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 226. 4. Selfsufficient, independent, [Nala] 2, 1 (Damayantī na svasthā babhūva Nalaṃ prati, Damayantī was dependent with regard to Nala, i. e. she was in love with Nala).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svastha (स्वस्थ).—[adjective] being in one’s natural condition, healthy, well, comfortable; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svastha (स्वस्थ):—[=sva-stha] [from sva] a mf(ā)n. self-abiding, being in o°’s self (or ‘in the self’ [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]), being in one’s natural state, being o°’s self uninjured, unmolested, contented, doing well, sound, well, healthy (in body and mind; often [varia lectio] for su-stha), comfortable, at ease ([Comparative degree] -tara), [Maitrī-upaniṣad] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] relying upon one’s self, confident, resolute, composed, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] self-sufficient, independent, [ib.]

4) [=sva-stha] b etc. See p. 1271, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svastha (स्वस्थ):—[(sthaḥ-sthā-sthaṃ) a.] Confident, independent; in health.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svastha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svastha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svastha (स्वस्थ) [Also spelled swasth]:—(a) healthy, hale; robust; ~[citta] sane, mentally healthy; ~[cittatā] sanity, mental healthiness; ~[] health; healthiness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svastha (ಸ್ವಸ್ಥ):—

1) [noun] the state of being well, happy or prosperous; well-being.

2) [noun] the quality of being suitable, proper or appropriate.

3) [noun] he who is safe and healthy.

4) [noun] a sitting posture with leg stretched slightly forward and only the heel touching the ground (front portion of the feet being raised), breast is raised and one hand placed on the thigh and the other on the waist.

5) [noun] ಸ್ವಸ್ಥವಾಗಿರು [svasthavagiru] svasthavāgiru to be healthy; to have sound health; 2. (fig.) to keep quiet.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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