Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 2.13

मुक्तश्च दुर्भिक्षभयामयेभ्यो हृष्टो जनः स्वर्गमिवाभिरेमे ।
पत्नीं पतिर्वा महिषी पतिं वा परस्परं न व्यभिचेरतुश्च ॥ १३ ॥

muktaśca durbhikṣabhayāmayebhyo hṛṣṭo janaḥ svargamivābhireme |
patnīṃ patirvā mahiṣī patiṃ vā parasparaṃ na vyabhiceratuśca || 13 ||

The people, delivered from famine, fear, and sickness, dwelt happily as in heaven; and in mutual contentment husband transgressed not against wife, nor wife against husband.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mukta, Durbhiksha, Yah, Yat, Hrishta, Jana, Janas, Svarga, Iva, Abhira, Iyam, Idam, Patni, Pati, Var, Mahishi, Parasparam, Paraspara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 2.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “muktaśca durbhikṣabhayāmayebhyo hṛṣṭo janaḥ svargamivābhireme
  • muktaś -
  • mukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • durbhikṣa -
  • durbhikṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhayāma -
  • bhī (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • yebhyo* -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • hṛṣṭo* -
  • hṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]
  • janaḥ -
  • janas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • svargam -
  • svarga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svarga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svargā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • abhire -
  • abhira (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    abhira (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    abhirā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ime -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “patnīṃ patirvā mahiṣī patiṃ parasparaṃ na vyabhiceratuśca
  • patnīm -
  • patnī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • patir -
  • pati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mahiṣī -
  • mahiṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    mahiṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • patim -
  • pati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    pati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • parasparam -
  • parasparam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    paraspara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    paraspara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    parasparā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vyabhi -
  • vyabhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • ceratuś -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 2.13

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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