Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 2.14

कश्चित्सिषेवे रतये न कामं कामार्थमर्थं न जुगोप कश्चित् ।
कश्चिद्धनार्थं न चचार धर्मं धर्माय कश्चिन्न चकार हिंसाम् ॥ १४ ॥

kaścitsiṣeve rataye na kāmaṃ kāmārthamarthaṃ na jugopa kaścit |
kaściddhanārthaṃ na cacāra dharmaṃ dharmāya kaścinna cakāra hiṃsām || 14 ||

None pursued love for mere sensual pleasure; none hoarded wealth for the sake of desires; none practised religious duties for the sake of gaining wealth; none injured living beings for the sake of religious duty.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kah, Cit, Rati, Kamam, Kama, Kamartha, Artha, Hana, Dharma, Cinna, Cakara, Hims, Himsa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 2.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kaścitsiṣeve rataye na kāmaṃ kāmārthamarthaṃ na jugopa kaścit
  • kaś -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cit -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • siṣeve -
  • sev (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • rataye -
  • rati (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāmam -
  • kāmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kāmārtham -
  • kāmārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jugopa -
  • gup (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • kaś -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cit -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “kaściddhanārthaṃ na cacāra dharmaṃ dharmāya kaścinna cakāra hiṃsām
  • kaś -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ciddh -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • hanā -
  • hana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    han (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cacāra -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dharmāya -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • kaś -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cinna -
  • cinna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • hiṃsām -
  • hiṃs (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    hiṃsā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 2.14

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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