Abhira, Ābhīra, Abhīra: 22 definitions
Abhira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Ābhīra (आभीर).—Country of Ābhīras.1 Dvijas of, became vrātyas after Puramjaya's days.2 Purified of sin by devotion to Hari.3 Seven of this tribe ruled from Avabhṛti.4 The braḥmāṇḍa and vāyu say ten of them ruled after the Āndhras;5 for 67 years.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 35; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 46 and 57; 18. 48.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII 1. 38.
- 3) Ib. II. 4. 18.
- 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 359; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 51, 68.
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 174; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76; 114. 40; 163. 72; 273. 18.
1b) A tribe of Dakṣiṇāpatha saw Arjuna singly carrying much wealth and women and attacked him; he took up his gāṇḍiva and found he had lost its secret and power;1 freebooters and shepherds of the Pañcanada country who lived in villages; mlecchas; chief weapons of, staves and cudgels.2
- 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 115, 126; 47. 46; 99. 269; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 16.
- 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 14-28, 50-52.
Ābhīra (आभीर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.29.9, VI.10.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ābhīra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Ābhira (आभिर) refers to an ancient country which should be shunned, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—It looks upon Kurukṣetra, Matsya, Pāñcāla and Surasena as holy countries where Dharma is practiced. It advises people to shun Aṅga, Vaṅga, Kaliṅga, Surāṣṭra, Gurjara, Ābhira, Kauṅkaṇa, Draviḍa, Dakṣiṇāpatha, Āndhra and Magadha.—(cf. verses 17.54-59) Thus it appears that this Purāṇa was written somewhere about the north-western part of northern India.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Ābhīra (आभीर) refers to one of the seven “minor dialects” (vibhāṣā) in language used in dramatic composition (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Ābhīra (आभीर) refers to one of the twenty-seven mātrāvṛttas (quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Mātrāvṛtta (e.g., ābhīra) refers to a type of metre found in classical Sanskrit poetry.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Ābhīra (आभीर) refers to a “cowherd” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Ābhīra] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7
Ābhīra (आभीर) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Ābhīra] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: The Geographical Dictionary of Ancient and Mediaeval India
Ābhīra.—The South-eastern portion of Gujarat about the mouths of tho Norbudda wascalled Ābhīra,—the Aberia of tho Greeks. McCrindle states that tho country of tho Ābhīras lay to tho cast of tho Indus where it bifurcates to form tho delta (McCrindlc’s Ptolemy, p. 140 ; Viṣṇu-purāṇa, ch. 5). The Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa (ch. 6) also says that the Indus flowed through tho country of Ābhīra. According to tho Mahābhārata (Sabhā Parva, ch. 31), the Ābhīras lived near tbo seashore and on tho bank of tho Sarasvatī, a river near Somnāth in Gujarat. Sir Henry Elliot says that tho country on the western coast of India from the Tāptī to Devngaḍh is called Ābhīra (Elliot’s Supplemental Glossary, vol. 1, pp. 2, 3). Mr. W. H. Schoff is of opinion that it is tho southern part of Gujarat, which contains Surat (Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, pp. 39, 175). Accordingto Lassen, Ābhīra is tho Ophir of tho Bible. The Tārā-tantra says that tho country of Ābhīra extended from Koṅkaṇa southwards to tho western bank of tho river Tāptī (sco Ward’s History, Literature and Religion of the Hindus, Vol. 1, p. 559).Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Ābhīra (आभीर) is the name of a tribe mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. These tribes (e.g., the Ābhīras, latin: Abhiras) migrated to places other than their original settlemenets and gave their names to the janapadas they settled. They replaced the old Vedic tribes in Punjab and Rajasthan though some of them are deemed as offshoots of the main tribe..Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Ābhīra.—(IE 8-3), member of the cowherd community. Note: ābhīra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ābhīra (आभीर).—m S A cowherd or herdsman. According to Ptolemy's geography ā0 is the name of a tribe originally established about the mouths of the Indus.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ābhīra (आभीर).—m A cowherd or herdsman. ābhēḷa n The sky. Cloudiness.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Abhira (अभिर).—1 A. (rarely P.)
1) To be pleased or delighted (with loc.); दृष्टिरिहाभिरमते हृदयं च (dṛṣṭirihābhiramate hṛdayaṃ ca) Mk.4,5.15; न गन्धहरिणो दमनककेदारिकायामभिरमति (na gandhahariṇo damanakakedārikāyāmabhiramati) Vb.3; Ratn.2, Y.1. 252.
2) To please or gratify oneself, take pleasure or delight in (with loc.); विद्यासु विद्वानिव सोऽभिरेमे (vidyāsu vidvāniva so'bhireme) Bk.1.9. -Caus. To gratify, please; मत्सपत्नीरभिरमयिष्यसि (matsapatnīrabhiramayiṣyasi) Dk.9,92,163.
Derivable forms: abhiram (अभिरम्).
--- OR ---
Abhīra (अभीर).—[abhimukhīkṛtya īrayati gāḥ, īr-ac]
1) A cowherd
2) Name of a pastora people; more usually written आभीर (ābhīra) q. v.
-rī The language of the अभीर (abhīra) people.
-ram Name of a metre, see आभीर (ābhīra).
Derivable forms: abhīraḥ (अभीरः).
--- OR ---
Ābhīra (आभीर).—[ā samantāt bhiyaṃ rāti, rā-ka Tv.]
1) A cowherd; आभीरवामनयनाहृतमानसाय दत्तं मनो यदुपते तदिदं गृहाण (ābhīravāmanayanāhṛtamānasāya dattaṃ mano yadupate tadidaṃ gṛhāṇa) Udb.; according to Ms.1.15 आभीर (ābhīra) is the offspring of a Brāhmaṇa and a female of the Ambaṣṭha tribe.
2) (pl.) Name of a country or its inhabitants; श्रीकोंकणा- दधोभागे तापीतः पश्चिमे तटे । आभीरदेशो देवेशि विन्ध्यशैले व्यवस्थितः (śrīkoṃkaṇā- dadhobhāge tāpītaḥ paścime taṭe | ābhīradeśo deveśi vindhyaśaile vyavasthitaḥ) ||
-rī 1 A cowherd's wife.
2) A woman of the Ābhīra tribe.
3) The language of the Ābhīras; आभीरेषु तथा- भीरी (ābhīreṣu tathā- bhīrī) (prayoktavyā) S. D.432.
Derivable forms: ābhīraḥ (आभीरः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Abhīrā (अभीरा).—[, see āpīrā.]
--- OR ---
Ābhīra (आभीर).—(?) , see āpīrā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) A cowherd. E. abhi and īra to send, ac affix; also ābhīra.
--- OR ---
(-raḥ) A cowhered, sprung from a Brahman and female of the medical tribe or the Ambasht'ha. f. (-rī) A cowherd’s wife, or a woman of that tribe. E. āṅ, abhi and īra to send, affix ac and fem. ṅīṣ, or without the first prefix abhīra.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ābhīra (आभीर).—m. 1. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 2, 1192. 2. The offspring of a Brāhmaṇa by an Ambaṣṭha woman, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ābhīra (आभीर).—[masculine] [Name] of a people & a caste.
--- OR ---
Abhirā (अभिरा).—bark at.
Abhirā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms abhi and rā (रा).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Abhīra (अभीर):—(incorrectly) for ābhīra q.v.
2) Ābhīra (आभीर):—m. Name of a people, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
3) a cowherd (being of a mixed tribe as the son of a Brāhman and an Ambaṣṭha woman), [Manu-smṛti x, 15, etc.]
4) mfn. belonging to the Ābhīra people.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+50): Abhirabh, Abhirachita, Abhiracita, Abhiraddha, Abhiraddhi, Abhiradh, Abhiradha, Abhiradhana, Abhiradheti, Abhiradhin, Abhiradhita, Abhiradhya, Abhirai, Abhiraj, Abhiraja, Abhiraji, Abhiraka, Abhirakanya, Abhirakkha, Abhirakkhana.
Full-text (+3): Abhiras, Abhirapalli, Abhiri, Ahira, Abhiraka, Abhirika, Laguda, Avabhriti, Sauvirabhira, Apira, Kilakila, Abhirapallika, Mauna, Yadava, Vasantashila, Malayavahana, Pariyatra, Nandavata, Tapi, Trirashmi.
Search found 28 books and stories containing Abhira, Abhi-ra, Abhi-rā, Ābhīra, Abhīra, Abhīrā, Abhirā; (plurals include: Abhiras, ras, rās, Ābhīras, Abhīras, Abhīrās, Abhirās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.7.74-75 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]
Verse 1.4.90-91 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta (the devotee)]
The Brihaddharma Purana (abridged) (by Syama Charan Banerji)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)