Paraspara: 14 definitions
Paraspara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Paraspar.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Paraspara (परस्पर) refers to “that which is transmitted from one to another” (e.g., the oral scripture that the god and goddess transmit), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess (i.e., Khageśī) said to the God (i.e., Bhairava), “[...] I will tell (you) how Yoginīs and Siddhas behave—(a teaching) that is never easy to acquire. (As if) replete with one hundred blades, the Vidyā and the Kula liturgy (krama) are (dangerous). There is no success (siddhi) in the Kula liturgy without the (ritual) drinking of liquor, the sacrificial substances, along with (various kinds of) meat and the (eating of the remains of) sacrificial food. Worship is offered (by means of these things) to the oral scripture (that the god and goddess transmit) to one another [i.e., paraspara-mukhāgama]. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)
Paraspara (परस्पर) refers to “(that which) consist in each other” [?], according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] Nor [can] the [external object] be established by any [such] speculation, because of the impossibility of this external [object]—this is what [the verse]. says with ‘syād etat’. And [since it is] so, since only phenomena [can] be objects, the manifesting consciousness is the object, and conversely the object is the manifesting consciousness; therefore they consist in each other (paraspara-ātmakatva). [...]”
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
paraspara (परस्पर).—a (S) Mutual or reciprocal; that stands towards another in the relation in which that other stands towards this: also that acts in return of or correspondence with. Ex. hē pa0 sakhē āhēta; parasparānnīṃ parasparāñcē tōṇḍānta māralēṃ; hyāñcēṃ paraspara vaira āhē. parasparaṃsamarpayāmī A phrase of mock Sanskrit used where a business has been managed or a matter done (bāhēracyā bāhēra) utterly apart from one's self.
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paraspara (परस्पर) [or परस्परां, parasparāṃ].—or rēṃ ad (paraspara) Mutually or reciprocally. 2 Sometimes used for parabhārāṃ in its first sense.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
paraspara (परस्पर).—a Mutual or reciprocal. parasparaṃ samarpa- yāmi, bāhēracyā bāhēra A phrase of mock Sanskrit used where a business has been managed utterly apart from one's self.
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paraspara (परस्पर) [or parasparā, or परस्परा].—
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Mutual; परस्परस्य मर्माणि ये न रक्षन्ति जन्तवः । त एव निधनं यान्ति वल्मीकोदरसर्पवत् (parasparasya marmāṇi ye na rakṣanti jantavaḥ | ta eva nidhanaṃ yānti valmīkodarasarpavat) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.186; परस्परां विस्मय- वन्ति लक्ष्मीमालोकयांचक्रुरिवादरेण (parasparāṃ vismaya- vanti lakṣmīmālokayāṃcakrurivādareṇa) Bhaṭṭikāvya 2.5.
2) (pl.) Like one another; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12. -pron., a. Each other, one another (used in the sing. only; often in comp.); परस्परस्योपरि पर्यचीयत (parasparasyopari paryacīyata) R.3.24;7.38; अविज्ञातपरस्परैः अपसर्पैः (avijñātaparasparaiḥ apasarpaiḥ) 17.51; परस्पराक्षिसादृक्ष्यम् (parasparākṣisādṛkṣyam) 1.4;3.24. Note:-The acc. and abl. singulars are often used adverbially in the sense of 'mutually', reciprocally', 'one another', 'by, from' or 'to one another'. 'against one another' &c.; see परस्परं भावयन्तः श्रेयः परमवाप्स्यथ (parasparaṃ bhāvayantaḥ śreyaḥ paramavāpsyatha) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.11;1.9; R.4. 79;6.46;7.14,53;12.94.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Mutual, interchanging. E. para another repeated: from one to another.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paraspara (परस्पर).—[para + s-para], I. adj. (sing. and without nom. sing.), 1. Each other, mutual, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 3, 11. 2. One with another, Mahābhārata 12, 2420 (nom. pl.). Ii. ram, adv. 1. Each other, mutually, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 62. 2. To one after another, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 8, 9.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paraspara (परस्पर).—(only the obl. cases of [masculine] sgl., [neuter] & °— [adverb]) each other, one another, mutual(ly)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paraspara (परस्पर):—[para-spara] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Mutual.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Paraspara (परस्पर) [Also spelled paraspar]:—(ind) mutual; reciprocal; ~[tā] mutuality; reciprocity; -[saṃbaṃdha] mutual relations.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] of or having the same relationship toward, each other or one another; mutual.
2) [adjective] done, felt, etc. by each of two or more for or toward the other or others; reciprocal.
3) [adjective] shared in common; joint.
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1) [noun] (pl.) interrelated persons; two or more persons who have common interest in something.
2) [noun] any of such persons.
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Paraspara (ಪರಸ್ಪರ):—[adverb] mutually; reciprocally.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Parasparadin, Parasparajna, Parasparakrandin, Parasparakrita, Parasparam, Parasparama, Parasparamishata, Parasparanumati, Parasparanupravesha, Parasparasamsakti, Parasparashraya, Parasparasthita, Parasparatas, Parasparate, Parasparavibandhana, Parasparavilakshana, Parasparavyapeksha, Parasparavyavritti.
Ends with: Aparaspara.
Full-text (+19): Aparaspara, Parasparajna, Aparasparasambhuta, Vibandhana, Parasparavilakshana, Adyadya, Parasparama, Parasparatas, Parasparanumati, Parasparopakara, Avarovara, Parasparavibandhana, Avaroppara, Paropphara, Parasparavyavritti, Paroppara, Paropara, Parasparasthita, Anyonyartha, Parasparadin.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Paraspara, Para-spara; (plurals include: Parasparas, sparas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 3.4 - Distress caused to infernal beings < [Chapter 3 - The Lower World and the Middle World]
Verse 5.21 - The function of the souls (jīva) < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Verse 3.5 - The incitement of malevolent Asurakumāra < [Chapter 3 - The Lower World and the Middle World]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.19.226 < [Chapter 19 - The Lord’s Pastimes in Advaita’s House]
Verse 3.3.234 < [Chapter 3 - Mahāprabhu’s Deliverance of Sarvabhauma, Exhibition of His Six-armed Form, and Journey to Bengal]
Verse 3.8.115 < [Chapter 8 - Mahāprabhu’s Water Sports in Narendra- sarovara]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)