Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 2.12

उद्यानदेवायतनाश्रमाणां कूपप्रपापुष्करिणीवनानाम् ।
चक्रुः क्रियास्तत्र च धर्मकामाः प्रत्यक्षतः स्वर्गमिवोपलभ्य ॥ १२ ॥

udyānadevāyatanāśramāṇāṃ kūpaprapāpuṣkariṇīvanānām |
cakruḥ kriyāstatra ca dharmakāmāḥ pratyakṣataḥ svargamivopalabhya || 12 ||

Those who sought religious merit performed sacred works and made gardens, temples, and hermitages, wells, cisterns, lakes, and groves, having beheld heaven as it were visible before their eyes.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Udyana, Devayatana, Ashrama, Kupa, Prapa, Pushkarini, Pushkarin, Vana, Cakru, Tra, Dharmakama, Pratyakshatah, Svarga, Iva, Upalabhya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 2.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “udyānadevāyatanāśramāṇāṃ kūpaprapāpuṣkariṇīvanānām
  • udyāna -
  • udyāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • devāyatanā -
  • devāyatana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aśramāṇām -
  • aśrama (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    aśrama (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    aśramā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • kūpa -
  • kūpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prapā -
  • prapā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • puṣkariṇī -
  • puṣkariṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    puṣkarin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vanānām -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • Line 2: “cakruḥ kriyāstatra ca dharmakāmāḥ pratyakṣataḥ svargamivopalabhya
  • cakruḥ -
  • cakru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    cakru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • kriyāsta -
  • kṛ (verb class 1)
    [benedictive active second plural]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [benedictive active second plural]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [benedictive active second plural]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [benedictive active second plural]
  • tra -
  • tra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dharmakāmāḥ -
  • dharmakāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dharmakāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pratyakṣataḥ -
  • pratyakṣataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • svargam -
  • svarga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svarga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svargā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ivo -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • upalabhya -
  • upalabhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upalabhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 2.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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