Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.57.26

उत्सवं कारयिष्यन्ति सदा शक्रस्य ये नराः ।
भूमिदानादिभिर्दानैर्यथा पूता भवन्ति वै ।
वरदानमहायज्ञैस्तथा शक्रोत्सवेन ते ॥ २६ ॥

utsavaṃ kārayiṣyanti sadā śakrasya ye narāḥ |
bhūmidānādibhirdānairyathā pūtā bhavanti vai |
varadānamahāyajñaistathā śakrotsavena te || 26 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...begat on the river two children that were twins. And the river, grateful to Vasu for his having set her free from Kolahala’s embraces, gave them both to Vasu. And the son was made the generalissimo...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.57.26). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Utsava, Karayishyat, Karayishyanti, Sada, Sad, Shakra, Yah, Yat, Nara, Bhumidana, Dana, Yatha, Puta, Bhavanti, Bhavat, Bhavant, Varadana, Aha, Jna, Tatha, Shakrotsava, Tad, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.57.26). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “utsavaṃ kārayiṣyanti sadā śakrasya ye narāḥ
  • utsavam -
  • utsava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • kārayiṣyanti -
  • kṛ -> kārayiṣyantī (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārayiṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ], [vocative plural from √kṛ], [accusative plural from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kārayiṣyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ]
    kṛ (verb class 0)
    [future active third plural]
  • sadā -
  • sadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śakrasya -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    śakra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • narāḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “bhūmidānādibhirdānairyathā pūtā bhavanti vai
  • bhūmidānād -
  • bhūmidāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ibhir -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • dānair -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • pūtā* -
  • pūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pūtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    -> pūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 9 verb]
    -> pūtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √ class 9 verb]
    pūy -> pūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √pūy class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √pūy class 1 verb]
    pūy -> pūtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √pūy class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √pūy class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √pūy class 1 verb]
  • bhavanti -
  • bhavanti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhavantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • Line 3: “varadānamahāyajñaistathā śakrotsavena te
  • varadānam -
  • varadāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ahāya -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • jñais -
  • jña (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    jña (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śakrotsavena -
  • śakrotsava (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.57.26

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.57.26 in Kannada sript:
ಉತ್ಸವಂ ಕಾರಯಿಷ್ಯನ್ತಿ ಸದಾ ಶಕ್ರಸ್ಯ ಯೇ ನರಾಃ ।
ಭೂಮಿದಾನಾದಿಭಿರ್ದಾನೈರ್ಯಥಾ ಪೂತಾ ಭವನ್ತಿ ವೈ ।
ವರದಾನಮಹಾಯಜ್ಞೈಸ್ತಥಾ ಶಕ್ರೋತ್ಸವೇನ ತೇ ॥ ೨೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.57.26 in Bengali sript:
উত্সবং কারযিষ্যন্তি সদা শক্রস্য যে নরাঃ ।
ভূমিদানাদিভির্দানৈর্যথা পূতা ভবন্তি বৈ ।
বরদানমহাযজ্ঞৈস্তথা শক্রোত্সবেন তে ॥ ২৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.57.26 in Gujarati sript:
ઉત્સવં કારયિષ્યન્તિ સદા શક્રસ્ય યે નરાઃ ।
ભૂમિદાનાદિભિર્દાનૈર્યથા પૂતા ભવન્તિ વૈ ।
વરદાનમહાયજ્ઞૈસ્તથા શક્રોત્સવેન તે ॥ ૨૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.57.26 in Malayalam sript:
ഉത്സവം കാരയിഷ്യന്തി സദാ ശക്രസ്യ യേ നരാഃ ।
ഭൂമിദാനാദിഭിര്ദാനൈര്യഥാ പൂതാ ഭവന്തി വൈ ।
വരദാനമഹായജ്ഞൈസ്തഥാ ശക്രോത്സവേന തേ ॥ ൨൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.57.26 in Telugu sript:
ఉత్సవం కారయిష్యన్తి సదా శక్రస్య యే నరాః ।
భూమిదానాదిభిర్దానైర్యథా పూతా భవన్తి వై ।
వరదానమహాయజ్ఞైస్తథా శక్రోత్సవేన తే ॥ ౨౬ ॥

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