Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.28

युगस्यादौ निमित्तं तन्महद्दिव्यं प्रचक्षते ।
यस्मिंस्तच्छ्रूयते सत्यं ज्योतिर्ब्रह्म सनातनम् ॥ २८ ॥

yugasyādau nimittaṃ tanmahaddivyaṃ pracakṣate |
yasmiṃstacchrūyate satyaṃ jyotirbrahma sanātanam || 28 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...sons of Daksha. Then appeared the man of inconceivable nature whom all the Rishis know and so the Visve-devas, the Adityas, the Vasus, and the twin Asvins; the Yakshas, the Sadhyas, the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yuga, Ada, Nimitta, Tat, Tad, Tan, Mahat, Divya, Pra, Yah, Yat, Satyam, Satya, Jyotis, Jyoti, Brahma, Brahman, Sanatana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yugasyādau nimittaṃ tanmahaddivyaṃ pracakṣate
  • yugasyā -
  • yuga (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • adau -
  • ada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ad (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • nimittam -
  • nimitta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tan -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • mahad -
  • atimahat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • divyam -
  • divya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    divya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    divyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • cakṣate -
  • cakṣ (verb class 2)
    [present middle third plural]
  • Line 2: “yasmiṃstacchrūyate satyaṃ jyotirbrahma sanātanam
  • yasmiṃs -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • tacch -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śrūyate -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [present passive third single]
  • satyam -
  • satyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    satya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jyotir -
  • jyotis (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    jyotis (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jyoti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jyoti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • brahma -
  • brahma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahm (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sanātanam -
  • sanātana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sanātana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.28

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.28 in Kannada sript:
ಯುಗಸ್ಯಾದೌ ನಿಮಿತ್ತಂ ತನ್ಮಹದ್ದಿವ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರಚಕ್ಷತೇ ।
ಯಸ್ಮಿಂಸ್ತಚ್ಛ್ರೂಯತೇ ಸತ್ಯಂ ಜ್ಯೋತಿರ್ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ಸನಾತನಮ್ ॥ ೨೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.28 in Bengali sript:
যুগস্যাদৌ নিমিত্তং তন্মহদ্দিব্যং প্রচক্ষতে ।
যস্মিংস্তচ্ছ্রূযতে সত্যং জ্যোতির্ব্রহ্ম সনাতনম্ ॥ ২৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.28 in Gujarati sript:
યુગસ્યાદૌ નિમિત્તં તન્મહદ્દિવ્યં પ્રચક્ષતે ।
યસ્મિંસ્તચ્છ્રૂયતે સત્યં જ્યોતિર્બ્રહ્મ સનાતનમ્ ॥ ૨૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.28 in Malayalam sript:
യുഗസ്യാദൌ നിമിത്തം തന്മഹദ്ദിവ്യം പ്രചക്ഷതേ ।
യസ്മിംസ്തച്ഛ്രൂയതേ സത്യം ജ്യോതിര്ബ്രഹ്മ സനാതനമ് ॥ ൨൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.28 in Telugu sript:
యుగస్యాదౌ నిమిత్తం తన్మహద్దివ్యం ప్రచక్షతే ।
యస్మింస్తచ్ఛ్రూయతే సత్యం జ్యోతిర్బ్రహ్మ సనాతనమ్ ॥ ౨౮ ॥

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