Jyotis, Jyotish: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jyotis means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Mandala-brahmana Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्, “spiritual light”) according to the Maṇḍalabrāhmaṇa-upaniṣad.—When one sees jyotis (spiritual light) above his head 12 digits in length, then he attains the state of nectar.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्) refers to the “supreme brilliance”, and is used as an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] thus commanded by Śiva in the presence of all, Viṣṇu spoke thus propitiating the great lord:—‘[...] O Śiva, you are the supreme brilliance (jyotis), the firmament, having your own abode. You are the primordial Being, the immovable, the unmanifest, of endless forms, the eternal and devoid of attributes—length etc. From this form alone everything has emanated’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jyotis).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्).—n. [dyut-isun āderdasya jaḥ. jyut-isun vā]

1) Light, lustre, brightness, flash; ज्योतिरेकं जगाम (jyotirekaṃ jagāma) Ś.5.3; R.2. 75; Me.5.

2) Light of Brahman, light regarded as the Supreme spirit; Bg.5.24;13.17; अथ यदतः परो दिवो ज्योतिर्दीप्यते (atha yadataḥ paro divo jyotirdīpyate) Ch. Up.3.13.7; U.4.18.

3) Lightning.

4) A heavenly body.

5) A heavenly body, a luminary (planet, star &c.); ज्योतिर्भिरुद्यद्भिरिव त्रियामा (jyotirbhirudyadbhiriva triyāmā) Ku.7.21; Bg.1.21; H.1.21; Ku.2.19; Ś.7.6.

6) Brightness of the sky, day-light (opp. tamas).

7) The sun and moon (dual).

8) Light as the divine principle of life, intelligence.

9) The science of the course of heavenly bodies; astronomy. See ज्योतिष (jyotiṣa).

1) The faculty of seeing.

11) The celestial world.

12) A Cow; ŚB. on MS.1.3.49. -m.

1) The sun.

2) Fire; ज्योति- ष्कल्पोरुकेशरः (jyoti- ṣkalporukeśaraḥ) (mārutiḥ) Bk.9.6.

8) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्).—(1) a kind of flower (query: Trigonella foenum graecum ? so Sanskrit Lex.): jyotir-mālikā- Lalitavistara 11.3 (prose); Tibetan proves that jyotis was understood as a separate name of a flower: me tog (flower) snaṅ ḥod (bright light) daṅ ma li ka daṅ, etc.; (2) name of a (brahman-)youth: Jyotir- māṇavakaṃ (acc.) Śikṣāsamuccaya 167.3, cited from Upāyakauśalya- sūtra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्).—n.

(-tiḥ) 1. Light. 2. A star. 3. The pupil of the eye. The faculty of seeing. 4. The light regarded as the supreme spirit. 5. The lightening. 6. A heavenly body. m.

(-tiḥ) 1. The sun. 2. Agini or fire. E. dyat to shine, to be or give light isun Unadi affix, and ja substituted for the radical initial.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्).—i. e. jyut + is, n. Light, Chr. 289, 10 = [Rigveda.] i. 50, 10; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 77. 2. pl. The stars. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 38. 3. Intelligence, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 13, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्).—[neuter] light (l.&[feminine]), brightness, fire, moonshine, light of the eyes; [plural] the heavenly bodies; [dual] sun and moon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jyotiś (ज्योतिश्):—[from jyut] in [compound] for tis.

2) Jyotiṣ (ज्योतिष्):—[from jyut] in [compound] for tis.

3) Jyotis (ज्योतिस्):—[from jyut] n. light (of the sun, dawn, fire, lightning, etc.; also [plural]), brightness (of the sky), [Ṛg-veda] etc. (trīṇi jyotīṃṣi, light appearing in the 3 worlds, viz. on earth, in the intermediate region, and in the sky or heaven [the last being called uttama, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xx; Atharva-veda xviii]; or uttara, [i, 9, l]; or tṛtīya, [Ṛg-veda x, 56, 1]] [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā viii, 36; Atharva-veda ix, 5, 8; Mahābhārata iii]; also personified as ‘fire’ on earth, ‘ether or air’ in the intermediate region, and ‘sun’ in the sky, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi, 5, 8, 2; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xvi, 21, 2, etc.]; ‘fire, sun and moon’ [Bhagavad-gītā xv, 12])

4) [v.s. ...] fire, flash of lightning, [Meghadūta; Śakuntalā]

5) [v.s. ...] moonlight, [Ṛg-veda iii, 34, 4; Atharva-veda iv, 18, 1]

6) [v.s. ...] ([plural]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa x and; Rāmāyaṇa i, 35, 16]

7) [v.s. ...] eye-light, [Ṛg-veda i, 117, 17]

8) [v.s. ...] the eye, [Mahābhārata i, 6853; Raghuvaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix]

9) [v.s. ...] [dual number] sun and moon, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa iii, 3, 18; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya i, 28]

10) [v.s. ...] [plural] the heavenly bodies, planets and stars, [Manu-smṛti; Bhagavad-gītā] etc. (tiṣām ayana n. course or movements of the heavenly bodies, science of those movements ([= tiṣa]), [Lāṭyāyana iv, 8, 1; Śikṣā])

11) [v.s. ...] sg. the light of heaven, celestial world, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv, 7, 2]

12) [v.s. ...] light as the divine principle of life or source of intelligence, intelligence, [Ṛg-veda vi, 9, 6; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxiv, 3; Atharva-veda xvi; Bhagavad-gītā]

13) [v.s. ...] (pauruṣaj ‘human intelligence’), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

14) [v.s. ...] (para j, ‘highest light or truth’), [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad] and, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

15) [v.s. ...] light as the type of freedom or bliss or victory (cf. φάος, φῶς and [Latin] lux), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Suśruta]

16) [v.s. ...] Name of several Ekāhas, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vii; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xii f.] etc.

17) [v.s. ...] of certain formularies containing the word jyotis, [Lāṭyāyana i, 8, 13]

18) [v.s. ...] a metre of 32 short and 16 long syllables

19) [v.s. ...] = tiṣa, science of the movements of the heavenly bodies, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] a mystical Name for the letter r, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

21) [v.s. ...] m. fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] Trigonella foenum graecum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] Name of a Marut, [Harivaṃśa 11545]

25) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Svārociṣa, 429

26) [v.s. ...] of a Prajā-pati, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

27) [v.s. ...] cf. dakṣiṇā-, śukra-, sa-, hiraṇya-, etc.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्):—

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Jyotis (ज्योतिस्):—

1) a) [Z. 9] prabhātaralaṃ jyotiḥ = vidyut nach [KĀṬAVEMA,] [] [?(nach MONIER WILLIAMS)] bezieht es auch auf die Strahlen der Sonne und des Mondes. — d) pauruṣaṃ jyotiḥ [SARVADARŚANAS. 37, 8.] paraṃ jyotiḥ das höchste Licht so v. a. die höchste Intelligenz, der höchste Geist, die höchste Wahrheit [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 338. 349. fg.] [Spr. 1307.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 34, 2.] — f) ein Ekāha der Trikadruka [Scholiast] zu [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 16, 1, 1.] der vier Sāhasra [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 16, 8, 1.] ein anderer, der auch agneḥ stomaḥ heisst, [19, 11, 1.] — h) [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 319. fgg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jyotis (ज्योतिस्):——

1) n. — a) Sg. und Pl. Licht , Helle , Schein , Feuer ([Meghadūta]) ; trīṇi jyotīṃṣi die drei Lichter , d.i. die Erscheinung des Lichtes in den drei Weltgebieten. Personificirt als Feuer , Wind und Sonne. jyotiṣkar beleuchten. — b) Mondschein [Ṛgveda (roth). 3,34,4.] [Atharvaveda 4,18,1.] — c) Augenlicht. — d) Auge. — e) Pl. die Gestirne. Du. Sonne und Mond. — f) das Licht der himmlischen , ewigen Welt , diese Lichtwelt selbst. — g) das Licht als das himmlische Lebensprincip in den Geschöpfen , die Intelligenze in den vernünftigen Wesen. para das höchste Licht , so v.a. die höchste Intelligenz , der höchste Geist , die höchste Wahrheit. — h) das Licht als Bild für ungehemmtes Leben , Freiheit , Freude ; Hülfe , Heil , Sieg. — i) Bez. verschiedener Ekāha. — k) Bez. bestimmter Sprüche , welche das Wort jyotis enthalten. — l) ein best. Metrum. — m) = jyotiṣa 4). — n) mystische Bez. des Lautes ra. —

2) m. — a) *Feuer. — b) *die Sonne. — c) *Trigonella_foenum graecum. — d) Nomen proprium — α) eines Marut. — β) eines Sohnes des Manu Svārokiṣa. — γ) eines Prajāpati [VP.².3,5.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jyotish in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) Astrology; -[vidya/shastra] Astrology..—jyotish (ज्योतिष) is alternatively transliterated as Jyotiṣa.

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