Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 23 [The Naure of ever-liberated soul], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 23 [The Naure of ever-liberated soul]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 23:

मातृमेयमितिसाधनात्मिका त्वत्कृतोन्मिषति या विकल्पधीः ।
त्वत्स्वरूपमकलङ्कितं तया कस्य देवि विदुषो न मुक्तता ॥ २३ ॥

mātṛmeyamitisādhanātmikā tvatkṛtonmiṣati yā vikalpadhīḥ |
tvatsvarūpamakalaṅkitaṃ tayā kasya devi viduṣo na muktatā || 23 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[The Naure of ever-liberated soul]

A Sādhaka who gains the knowledge shown in the first Vimarśa, will be a mukta.The naure of nitya mukta, of ever liberated soul, is defined by the Siddhā.According to him a Jñāni is liberated, who realizes through buddhi,the three fold form of Devi, as the knower, known and knowledge. He shines through her will knowing her as subtle and pure. The wise who sees her as knowledge as well as the cause of knowledge is liberated.[1]

Nature of the eternally liberated (Nityamukta)

In general, Knower, Known and Knowledge shine through the Buddhi, the discriminating power accorded to mankind by Śakti for the purpose of knowing the ultimatum of all knowledge . The Jñāni realises this threefold aspect of knowledge as shining through her Śakti and understands her to be pure and as the cause of all knowledge as well as knowledge itself. He becomes a liberated soul.

The subtlest Antaḥkaraṇa Catuṣṭaya [catuṣṭayam] is the instrumental cause of Mātṛ (Knower). The Instrumental cause of Meya (Known) is the combination of the Karmendriyas and Jñānendriyas , each presided over by Manas and Buddhi respectively. The knowledge is the offshoot of the activities of the Sūkṣma-indriyas (Tanmātras). Vikalpadhī:[2] is the tool afforded by Her-the very personification of Vāc-Artha (word and Sense) as the Cit. A Jñāni using this tool finds the true source as the pure Svara-Nāda Svarūpa [svarūpam] which is her original form and becomes enlightened soul.

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Divyacakorikā] p 52-[Cidgaganacandrikā] 23.

mātṛmānameyātmakratripuṭīvikalpabuddherarthātmani ātmārthe vā vāṅmātra kalpitatayā tayāsvasvarūpanādamayīṃ vāgdevatāmakalaṅkitatvavimarśena svārthaprapaṃcaṃ sākṣātkurvatopi viduṣo nityamuktatāmādau pratijānīte.

[2] ?

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