Vimarsha, Vimarśa, Vimarṣa: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vimarsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vimarśa and Vimarṣa can be transliterated into English as Vimarsa or Vimarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vimarśa (विमर्श, “pause”) refers to one of the “five segments” of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. It is also known by the name Avamarśa. These five segments are assigned to the principal plot (ādhikārika).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vimarśa (विमर्श, “deliberation”).—One of the five segments (sandhi) of a dramatic play;—One’s pause (vimarśa, lit. deliberation) over the Seed (bīja) that has sprouted in the Development (garbha) on account of some temptation, anger or distress, is called the Segment (sandhi) of that name (i.e. Pause).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vimarśa (विमर्श).—m S Consideration or investigation; exercising of judgment or of reason.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vimarśa (विमर्श).—

1) Thought, deliberation.

2) (In dramas) A change in the successful progress of a dramatic plot, a change in the prosperous course of a love-story caused by some unforeseen reverse or accident, one of the five Sandhis in a drama; it is thus defined in S. D.; यत्र मुख्यफलोपाय उद्भिन्नो गर्भतोऽधिकः । शापाद्यः सान्तरायश्च स विमर्श इति स्मृतः (yatra mukhyaphalopāya udbhinno garbhato'dhikaḥ | śāpādyaḥ sāntarāyaśca sa vimarśa iti smṛtaḥ) || 336; कुर्वन् बुद्ध्या विमर्शं प्रसृतमपि पुनः संहरन् कार्यजातं कर्ता वा नाटकानामिममनुभवति क्लेशमस्मद्विधो वा (kurvan buddhyā vimarśaṃ prasṛtamapi punaḥ saṃharan kāryajātaṃ kartā vā nāṭakānāmimamanubhavati kleśamasmadvidho vā) Mu.4.3.

Derivable forms: vimarśaḥ (विमर्शः).

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Vimarṣa (विमर्ष).—

1) Impatience, nonforbearance.

2) Dissatisfaction, displeasure.

Derivable forms: vimarṣaḥ (विमर्षः).

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Vimarśa (विमर्श).—

1) Deliberation, consideration, examination, discussion; कुर्वन् बुद्ध्या विमर्शम् (kurvan buddhyā vimarśam) Mu.4.3.

2) Reasoning.

3) A conflicting judgment.

4) Hesitation, doubt; कार्यस्य न विमर्शं च गन्तुमर्हसि सुव्रत (kāryasya na vimarśaṃ ca gantumarhasi suvrata) Rām.118.57; 2.34.44.

5) The impression left on the mind by past good or bad actions; see वासना (vāsanā).

6) Knowledge; अविद्वद- धिकारित्वात् प्रायश्चित्तं विमर्शनम् (avidvada- dhikāritvāt prāyaścittaṃ vimarśanam) Bhāg. 6.1.11.

Derivable forms: vimarśaḥ (विमर्शः).

See also (synonyms): vimarśana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimarśa (विमर्श).—m.

(-rśaḥ) 1. Discussion, investigation, reasoning, examination by reason. 2. A conflicting judgment. 3. The impression on the mind of past good or evil actions. E. vi implying discrimination, mṛś to perceive, aff. ghañ .

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Vimarṣa (विमर्ष).—m.

(-rṣaḥ) 1. Irritation, impatience. 2. Displeasure, dissatisfaction. 3. Interruption of the prosperous course of a dramatic story, (one of the five Sandhis in a drama,) reverse. E. vi before mṛṣ to endure, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimarśa (विमर्श).— (erroneously also vimarṣa vimarṣa, e. g. [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 21, 25), i. e. vi-mṛś + a, m. 1. Investigation. 2. Reasoning. 3. Discussion, hesitation, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 20, 23.

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Vimarṣa (विमर्ष).—i. e. vi-mṛṣ + a, m. 1. Irritation, Chr. 60, 28. 2. Displeasure. Cf. vimarśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimarśa (विमर्श).—[masculine] na [neuter] consideration, examination, dubitation.

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Vimarṣa (विमर्ष).—etc. = vimarśa etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vimarṣa (विमर्ष):—[=vi-marṣa] a vimarṣa, ṣaṇa, ṣin, [wrong reading] for vi-marśa etc.

2) Vimarśa (विमर्श):—[=vi-marśa] [from vi-mṛś] m. consideration, deliberation, trial, critical test, examination, [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] reasoning. discussion, [Prabodha-candrodaya]

4) [v.s. ...] knowledge, intelligence, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) critical juncture or crisis (one of the 5 Saṃdhis or junctures of the plot, intervening between the garbha or germ and the nirvahana or catastrophe e.g. in the Śakuntalā the removal of her veil in the 5th act), [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra; Daśarūpa] etc.

7) Vimarṣa (विमर्ष):—[=vi-marṣa] [from vi-mṛṣ] b m. irritation, impatience, displeasure, [Horace H. Wilson]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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