Antahkarana, Antah-karana, Antaḥkaraṇa, Antar-karana, Amtahkarana: 15 definitions


Antahkarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Antahkarana in Vedanta glossary
Source: Advaita Vedanta: Indian Philosophy

According to Vedānta, the term antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण) refers to the four-tiered inner instrument of consciousness, which we call “mind.” It consists of buddhi (बुद्धि) or intellect, manas (मनस्) the vacillating arbiter of the mind, ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) self-awareness or “I-ness” and citta (चित्त), the store house of metal moods and memories. While the concept and the meaning of first three terms are not ambiguous, the term citta appears to be loosey-goosey in its definition.

Vedanta book cover
context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Antahkarana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण) refers to the “inner (mental) organ”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Then, O goddess, one should prepare the inner (mental) organ [i.e., antaḥkaraṇa]. Having exhaled the breath and then having drawn it in again into one’s own body, retain it. Once (it has) entered the Root Wheel, it should be checked below and above. (Kuṇḍalinī, the energy in the body) whose form is that of a sleeping snake and (which is) shaped (round like) an earring, awakes and moves quickly following the path of the Channel of Brahmā (brahmānāḍī). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Antahkarana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण) refers to the “mind”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] For one whose self-awakening has arisen, who is in every way detached and is always devoted to practice, this [adherence to sectarian emblems] is not useful anywhere. Then, the different gazing points, the various other postures and states of mind (antaḥkaraṇa-bhāva) are useless to the yogin. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Antahkarana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antaḥkaraṇa (अंतःकरण).—n (S) The internal and spiritual part of man; the seat of thought and feeling; the mind, the heart, the conscience, the spirit or soul. aṃ0 catuṣṭaya n S The inner man; the spirit or soul considered as subsisting and operating, and in every internal act, in four modes or forms; viz. mana The seat of the affections and passions; the seat of sentiment, desire, purpose; the heart: buddhi The discriminating faculty; the intellect, understanding, judgment; the mind: citta The reasoning or thinking faculty; the discursive faculty; the reason: ahaṅkāra The seat of perception or consciousness, or the sense of individuality, distinct being or self; the seat of resolve or volition; the will, the ahaṃ or ego, the soul or self. prasannaantaḥkaraṇēṅkaruna With pleased or unhesitating mind; with one's heart or free will; with alacrity or ready consent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antaḥkaraṇa (अंतःकरण).—n The heart; the conscience.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Antahkarana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण).—the internal organ; the heart, soul; the seat of thought and feeling, thinking faculty, mind, conscience; प्रमाणं °प्रवृत्तयः (pramāṇaṃ °pravṛttayaḥ) Ś.1.22; सबाह्य °णः अन्तरात्मा (sabāhya °ṇaḥ antarātmā) V.4 the soul in all its senses external and internal, the inner and outer man; दयार्द्रभावमाख्यातमन्तःकरणैर्विशङ्कैः (dayārdrabhāvamākhyātamantaḥkaraṇairviśaṅkaiḥ) R.2.11. According to the Vedānta अन्तःकरण (antaḥkaraṇa) is of four kinds : मनो बुद्धिरहङ्कार- श्चित्तं करणमान्तरम् । संशयो निश्चयो गर्वः स्मरणं विषया इमे ॥ अन्तःकरणं त्रिविधम् (mano buddhirahaṅkāra- ścittaṃ karaṇamāntaram | saṃśayo niścayo garvaḥ smaraṇaṃ viṣayā ime || antaḥkaraṇaṃ trividham) Sāṅkhya 33, i. e. बुद्धयहङ्कारमनांसि (buddhayahaṅkāramanāṃsi); सान्तःकरणा बुद्धिः (sāntaḥkaraṇā buddhiḥ) 35, i. e. अहङ्कारमनःसहिता (ahaṅkāramanaḥsahitā).

Derivable forms: antaḥkaraṇam (अन्तःकरणम्).

Antaḥkaraṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and karaṇa (करण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) The internal and spiritual part of man, the seat of thought and feeling, the mind, the heart, the conscience, the soul. E. antar within, and karaṇa an organ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण).—n. the internal sense, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 206, 24; the heart, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 21.

Antaḥkaraṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and karaṇa (करण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण).—[neuter] the interior sense, the heart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण):—[=antaḥ-karaṇa] [from antaḥ] n. the internal organ, the seat of thought and feeling, the mind, the thinking faculty, the heart, the conscience, the soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-ṇam) (In Philosophy.)

1) The interior sense (also called ābhyantarakaraṇa) opposed to the vāhyakaraṇa (q. v.) or exterior sense; this notion which in general may be termed ‘the faculty of thinking’ is thus modified in the Vedānta and in the Sāṅkhya: [a]) (In the Vedānta it implies) the notion of what is the general substratum of ātman or Soul (Śaṅkara: taccātmana upādhibhūtamantaḥkaraṇam); its activity becomes manifest in two of the seventeen sūkṣmaśarīra (q. v.) or subtle bodies of creation, viz. in the buddhi (q. v.) or that mental activity which forms positive conclusions, and in the manas, or that mental activity which ‘discerns and doubts’; and as citta or ‘logical combination’ is involved by the activity of buddhi, and ahaṅkāra or ‘self-consciousness’ is involved by manas, the activity of the antaḥkaraṇa is fourfold, viz. as that of buddhi, manas, citta and ahaṅkāra. Śaṅkara in his commentary on the Vedānta Sūtras varies slightly in this respect by substituting vijñāna for ahaṅkāra; the difference however is merely apparent, vijñāna, worldly knowledge, being also one of the attributes of manas (Śaṅkara: ‘antaḥkaraṇaṃ mano buddhirvijñānaṃ cittamiti cānekadhā tatra tatrābhilapyate’). [b.]) (In the Sāṅkhya it is not the substratum of puruṣa or Soul but) the generic name and characteristic of three successive productions of prakṛti or Matter, viz. of buddhi ‘ascertainment or positive conclusion’, of its product ahaṅkāra self-consciousness’ and of the product of Ahaṅkāra, viz. manas which in this philosophy means ‘an organ both of sensation and of action’ (see buddhīndriya and karmendriya), ‘the organ of volition’ (see saṅkalpa). ‘The ten external organs (viz the five organs of sensation and the five of action) supply the objects for the ‘interior sense’, their time is the present time, while the interior sense embraces the past, present and future time’.

2) (In the non-philosophical literature where philosophical terms are usually employed in a vague manner, this word means) Mind, heart, feeling, a synonyme of manas in its vague, unphilosophical sense; e. g. (in a verse of the Mālatīmādhava where an apparent show is made of philosophical accuracy) premārdrāḥ praṇayaspṛśaḥ…ceṣṭā bhaveyurmayi . yāsvantaḥkaraṇasya vāhyakaraṇavyāpārarodhīkṣaṇādāśaṃsāparikalpitāsvapi bhavatyānandasāndrodayaḥ (var. lect. ºsāndro layaḥ)—E. antar and karaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण):—[antaḥ-karaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. The understanding or heart.

[Sanskrit to German]

Antahkarana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Antahkarana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃtaḥkaraṇa (ಅಂತಃಕರಣ):—

1) [noun] the faculty in human which thinks, knows, feels and wills; mind.

2) [noun] fellow-feeling or sorrow for sufferings of another; compassion; favour; mercy; love.

3) [noun] the mode in which the mind functions.

4) [noun] (phil.) in the Sāṃkhya system, the internal system consisting of the mind, egoism and intellect.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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