Antahkarana, aka: Antah-karana, Antaḥkaraṇa, Antar-karana; 5 Definition(s)
Antahkarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)
According to Vedānta, the term antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण) refers to the four-tiered inner instrument of consciousness, which we call “mind.” It consists of buddhi (बुद्धि) or intellect, manas (मनस्) the vacillating arbiter of the mind, ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) self-awareness or “I-ness” and citta (चित्त), the store house of metal moods and memories. While the concept and the meaning of first three terms are not ambiguous, the term citta appears to be loosey-goosey in its definition.Source: Advaita Vedanta: Indian Philosophy
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
Languages of India and abroad
antaḥkaraṇa (अंतःकरण).—n (S) The internal and spiritual part of man; the seat of thought and feeling; the mind, the heart, the conscience, the spirit or soul. aṃ0 catuṣṭaya n S The inner man; the spirit or soul considered as subsisting and operating, and in every internal act, in four modes or forms; viz. mana The seat of the affections and passions; the seat of sentiment, desire, purpose; the heart: buddhi The discriminating faculty; the intellect, understanding, judgment; the mind: citta The reasoning or thinking faculty; the discursive faculty; the reason: ahaṅkāra The seat of perception or consciousness, or the sense of individuality, distinct being or self; the seat of resolve or volition; the will, the ahaṃ or ego, the soul or self. prasannaantaḥkaraṇēṅkaruna With pleased or unhesitating mind; with one's heart or free will; with alacrity or ready consent.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
antaḥkaraṇa (अंतःकरण).—n The heart; the conscience.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Antaḥkaraṇa (अन्तःकरण).—the internal organ; the heart, soul; the seat of thought and feeling, thinking faculty, mind, conscience; प्रमाणं °प्रवृत्तयः (pramāṇaṃ °pravṛttayaḥ) Ś.1.22; सबाह्य °णः अन्तरात्मा (sabāhya °ṇaḥ antarātmā) V.4 the soul in all its senses external and internal, the inner and outer man; दयार्द्रभावमाख्यातमन्तःकरणैर्विशङ्कैः (dayārdrabhāvamākhyātamantaḥkaraṇairviśaṅkaiḥ) R.2.11. According to the Vedānta अन्तःकरण (antaḥkaraṇa) is of four kinds : मनो बुद्धिरहङ्कार- श्चित्तं करणमान्तरम् । संशयो निश्चयो गर्वः स्मरणं विषया इमे ॥ अन्तःकरणं त्रिविधम् (mano buddhirahaṅkāra- ścittaṃ karaṇamāntaram | saṃśayo niścayo garvaḥ smaraṇaṃ viṣayā ime || antaḥkaraṇaṃ trividham) Sāṅkhya 33, i. e. बुद्धयहङ्कारमनांसि (buddhayahaṅkāramanāṃsi); सान्तःकरणा बुद्धिः (sāntaḥkaraṇā buddhiḥ) 35, i. e. अहङ्कारमनःसहिता (ahaṅkāramanaḥsahitā).
Derivable forms: antaḥkaraṇam (अन्तःकरणम्).
Antaḥkaraṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and karaṇa (करण).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṇaṃ) The internal and spiritual part of man, the seat of thought and feeling, the mind, the heart, the conscience, the soul. E. antar within, and karaṇa an organ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ends with: Kathinantahkarana.
Search found 27 books and stories containing Antahkarana, Antah-karana, Antaḥkaraṇa, Antaḥ-karaṇa, Antar-karana, Antar-karaṇa; (plurals include: Antahkaranas, karanas, Antaḥkaraṇas, karaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 6 - Vedāntic Cosmology < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 24 - Rāmādvaya (a.d. 1300) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 11 - Padmapāda (a.d. 820) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Chapter II, Section III, Adhikarana XVII < [Section III]
Chapter II, Section III, Adhikarana XIII < [Section III]
Chapter II, Section I, Adhikarana V < [Section I]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 7 - Vanamālī Miśra < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
Part 1 - A General Idea of Vijñāna Bhikṣu’s Philosophy < [Chapter XXII - The Philosophy of Vijñāna Bhikṣu]
Part 18 - Rāmānujadāsa alias Mahācārya < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]