Nada, Nāda, Naḍa: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Manblunder: Maha Shodashi Mantra Explained

Nāda is Consciousness about to manifest as the universe. It also means subtle sound. This can be best explained by ṃ. There is no other way to explain this. It is like humming nasal sound. The sound made after closing both the lips is nāda. Without nāda, bindu cannot be effective as bindu cannot be pronounced separately. Nādabindu refers to the union of Śiva and Śakti, where Nāda means Śakti and bindu means Śiva.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Nāda (नाद).—See under Pāṭṭu.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Nāda (नाद, “sound”) refers to Śiva while Bindu refers to Śakti (power), as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “the entire universe consisting of the movable and the immovable is of the nature of Bindu (dot) and Nāda (sound). Bindu is Śakti (Power) and Śiva is Nāda. Hence the universe is pervaded by Śiva and Śakti. Bindu is the support of Nāda. The universe has the support of Bindu. Both Bindu and Nāda together support the entire universe. The unification of the Bindu and the Nāda is called Sakalīkaraṇa and the universe takes its birth as a result of this Sakalīkaraṇa. The Phallic emblem is the fusion of Bindu and Nāda and is the cause of the universe. Bindu is the goddess and Śiva is the Nāda and the fusion of the two is the phallic emblem of Śiva. Hence to ward off future births, the devotee shall worship the phallic emblem of Śiva. Goddess of the form of Bindu is the mother and Śiva of the form of Nāda is the father”.

Note: Nāda is a nasal sound represented by a semicircle and used as an abbreviation in mystical words.

2) Nāda (नाद, “sound”) is the name of a sound made by Śiva pervading the three worlds (trailokya), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.19. Accordingly, as Śiva thought to himself:—“[...] thinking thus, Rudra, desirous of carrying out the wish of Śiva (the supreme Brahman) sounded his drum that gave out the divine Nāda. Its resonant, reverberating sound pervaded the three worlds heightening enthusiasm and called upon everyone in diverse ways. On hearing that, Viṣṇu, Brahmā and other deities, sages, the persons well-versed in Āgamas, Nigamas and Siddhas, Devas and Asuras came there with great delight. The Pramathas too reached that place from different quarters. The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nāda (नाद).—A sage of the Cākṣuṣa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 22.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Nada (नद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Nāda (नाद).—The evolution of the material world is camplemented by that of the world of language encompassing transcendent, subtle and gross sounds. The transcendent sound-principle is nāda, fram which evolve articulate speech, letters, syllables, words and sentences. Nāda complements bindu, the transcendent material-principle. This is the fundamental principle of the science of mantras, and hence their relevance in building rites. The potency of the seed syllables (bīja) owes to the conceived undifferentiated unity of nāda and bindu in them.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nāda (नाद).—(l) voice; resonance; tone; the sound caused by the vibration of the vocal chords in the open glottis when the air passes through them; cf. वर्णाोत्पत्त्यनन्तरभावी अनुरणनरूपः शब्दः नादः (varṇāोtpattyanantarabhāvī anuraṇanarūpaḥ śabdaḥ nādaḥ) Uddyota on M. Bh. on P. I. 1.9; cf. also संवृते कण्ठे यः शब्दः क्रियते स नादसंज्ञो भवति (saṃvṛte kaṇṭhe yaḥ śabdaḥ kriyate sa nādasaṃjño bhavati) T. Pr. II. 4; (2) sound, articulate sound generally without sense, which is momentary; (3) the highest sound. See परा (parā).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (shiksha)

Nāda (नाद, “voiced”) refers to a type of ābhyantara (“internal effort”) of articulation (uccāraṇa) according to Indian linguistic tradition (viz., śikṣā, ‘phonetics’, vyakaraṇa, ‘grammar’, nirukta, etymology’ and chandas, ‘prosody’.). Nāda (voiced) occurs, for instance, when pronouncing ga.

context information

Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Sacred Sanskrit Words

Nāda means “sound” or “tone” and “universal pulse of life” or “flowing stream of consciousness.” In yoga, nāda refers to the nasal sound often found in mystical words.

Source: Google Books: Tantra, Its Mystic and Scientific Basis

The Nāda or Śabda is the first expression of creation. The Śabda Brahman is the cause of the manifest and differentiated word and meaning or the subtle and crude objects. Without understanding the meaning and significance of sphoṭa or the eternal word, one cannot become one with Brahman. The Supreme Bliss is accomplished only after the removal of Nāda-Bindu ignorance. Tantra prescribes Nāda-Bindu Yoga for the attainment of supreme oneness with Parama Śiva.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Naḍa (नड, ‘reed’) is mentioned in the Rigveda as growing in lakes, and in the Atharvaveda is described as vārṣika, ‘produced in the rains’. Reeds were used, after being split, for making mats, a work carried out by women. They are frequently mentioned elsewhere. See also Nada.

India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Nāḍa is a term referring to an administrative region during the rule of Kannaḍa-speaking Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—The deśa (administrative unit) was there divided into nāḍas or khollas. Thus the territory round Kolhāpur was known as Eḍenāḍa. It had several khollas or gollas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Naḍa.—(IE 8-6), same as nala, a measuring rod. Note: naḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nāda : (m.) roar; sound.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nāda, (Sk. nāda, see nadati) loud sound, roaring, roar J. I, 19 (sīha°), 50 (koñca°), 150 (mahā°). Cp. pa°. (Page 349)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

naḍa (नड).—f An impediment, hinderance, obstruction, let. 2 Annoyance, molestation, infestation, plague. Ex. tyācē gharīṃ pāhuṇyāñcī naḍa phāra āhē. v paḍa, hō.

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nada (नद).—m (S) A river. Applied only to rivers of which the personification is male. See the enumeration under saptanada. In the Puran̤s there are others however; such as uthya, bhidya &c.

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nāḍa (नाड).—f (nāḍī S) Any tubular organ of the body; an artery, a vein, an intestine. 2 The pulse. v pāha. 3 The tape (of drawers &c.) 4 n A tube; a joint of bamboo or other hollow wood. 5 A tube for giving medicines to cattle, a drenching tube. 6 f (Commonly nāḍī) A division of the nakṣatrēṃ. nāḍa sāmpaḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To discover one's natural temper or disposition. nāḍī aṭapaṇēṃ g. of s. To be on the point of death: also to be reduced to incapability of further exertion. nāḍī dākhaviṇēṃ (Here nāḍa is pl.) To show (offer to be felt) the pulse. nāḍī pāhaṇēṃ To feel the pulse.

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nāḍā (नाडा).—m A rope or cord: but, par eminence, the rope of a draw-well; the draw-rope or traces of vehicles; the load-rope or binding rope of carts; the rope by which boats are swung across a river; a track-rope or tow-rope: the colored and twisted cord worn around the wrist during the Muharram; the cordage of a ship; the tape or string by which drawers &c. are drawn around the waist and tied; the rope of rope-dancers. 2 A strap, thong, or leash of leather. 3 C A rope-dancer's or tumbler's pole, a poy. 4 A drenching tube. 5 Standing on the head. nāḍā pasaraṇēṃ g. of s. (To have one's cart-traces draggling or lying about.) To have extensive or disorderly affairs.

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nāda (नाद).—m (S) Sound or noise; esp. a prolonged or continuing sound, or a reverberated sound. Hence nādānta asaṇēṃ or nādīṃ lāgaṇēṃ-bharaṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ- lāvaṇēṃ To be or to keep under the hum and buzz of; i. e. to pursue intently and devotedly; to be engrossed by the desire or contemplation of. Ex. mī gēlōṃ tēvhāṃ tō lihiṇyācē nādānta bōlaṇyācē nādānta &c. hōtā; hā gṛhastha tyā rāṇḍēcē nādīṃ lāgalā. nāda jāṇēṃ g. of s. (To be lost or spoiled--the true sound of a vessel &c., as from a crack. To be no more--one's credit or great name. nāda davaḍaṇēṃ or ghālaviṇēṃ To destroy one's credit or great name. nāda lāvaṇēṃ To draw after; to hold in expectation; to make to dance attendance. See nādīṃ lāvaṇēṃ. nādānēṃ nāda Quarrel from quarrel. v hō, cāla, vāḍha, lāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

naḍa (नड).—f An impediment, obstruction. An- noyance.

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nada (नद).—m A river.

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nāḍa (नाड).—f See nā़ḍī.

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nāḍā (नाडा).—m A rope or cord: but, par eminence the rope of a draw-well. The coloured and twisted cord worn

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nāda (नाद).—m Sound or noise; a prolonged sound. nādānta asaṇēṃ or nāndī lāgaṇēṃ-bharaṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ- lāvaṇēṃ To be or to keep under the hum and buzz of; to pursue intently and devotedly; to be engrossed by the desire or contemplation of. nāda jāṇēṃ To be lost or spoiled-the true sound of a vessel &c. as from a crack. To be no more-one's credit or great name. nāda davaḍaṇēṃ or ghālaviṇēṃ To destroy one's credit or great name. nāda lāvaṇēṃ To draw after, to hold in expectation; make to dance. See nādīṃ lāvaṇēṃ. nādānēṃ nāda Quarrel from quarrel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Naḍa (नड).—A species of reed.

-ḍaḥ 1 Name of a prince with patronymic Naiṣadha (= nalanaiṣadha); see नल (nala).

2) Name of a tribe preparing a sort of bracelets.

Derivable forms: naḍaḥ (नडः), naḍam (नडम्).

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Nada (नद).—[nadati śabdāyate-ac]

1) A river, great river (such as the Indus); दधद्भिरभितस्तटौ विकचवारिजाम्बू नदैः (dadhadbhirabhitastaṭau vikacavārijāmbū nadaiḥ) Śi.4.66 (where Malli. remarks:-prāksrotaso nadyaḥ pratyaksrotaso nadā narmadāṃ vinetyāhuḥ)

2) A stream, flowing stream, rivulet; सुनिनदैर्नदैर्वृतम् (suninadairnadairvṛtam) Ki.5.27.

3) The ocean.

4) Ved. A horse.

5) A cloud.

6) A praiser (ṛṣi).

Derivable forms: nadaḥ (नदः).

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Nāḍa (नाड).—= नाल (nāla) q. v.

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Nāda (नाद).—[nad-ghañ]

1) A loud roar, cry, shout, sounding, roaring; सिंहनादः, घन° (siṃhanādaḥ, ghana°) &c.

2) A sound in general; Māl.5.2; न नादेन विना गीतं न नादेन विना स्वरः । न नादेन विना रागस्तस्मान्नादात्मकं जगत् (na nādena vinā gītaṃ na nādena vinā svaraḥ | na nādena vinā rāgastasmānnādātmakaṃ jagat) || Saṅgītadāmodara.

3) (In Yoga phil.) The nasal sound represented by a semicircle.

4) One who praises.

Derivable forms: nādaḥ (नादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Naḍa (नड).—name of a nāga: Mahāvyutpatti 3311.

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Nāḍa (नाड).—(Sanskrit Lex.; = Sanskrit nāla, § 2.46), stalk: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 122.4; 127.5.

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Nāda (नाद).—according to mss. for nāḍa = nāla, stalk (of a flower): padumehi…nīla-vaiḍūrya-nādehi Mahāvastu ii.302.1 (prose), so mss.; Senart em. °nāḍīhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naḍa (नड) or Nala.—m.

(-ḍaḥ or -laḥ) 1. A sort of reed, (Arundo tibialis, or karka;) also nala. 2. A particular tribe whose employment is making a sort of glass bracelets. E. naḍ to be thick, affix ac . nala vandhe ac vā ḍasya-laḥ .

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Nada (नद).—m.

(-daḥ) A river, applied only to one of which the personification is male, as the Bramhaputra, Sone, Indus, &c. f. (-dī) A river in general; the common personification of rivers being female E. nad to sound, affix ac, fem. affix ṅīp .

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Nāda (नाद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Sound in general. 2. A semicircle, used especially as an abbreviation or hieroglyphic in mystical works. E. nad to sound, affix ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naḍa (नड).—probably a form of narta, m. (and n.), Reed.

— Cf. nala.

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Nada (नद).—[nad + a], I. m. A river, Mahābhārata 1, 8730. A male river, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 90. Ii. f. , A river, 3, 9; a female river, 6, 90.

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Nāda (नाद).—i. e. nad + a, m. 1. Roaring, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 29, 12. 2. Sound, cry, Mahābhārata 4, 1885; 14, 2694. 3. A semicircle representing the nasal sound, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 15, 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naḍa (नड).—[masculine] a species of reed.

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Nada (नद).—[masculine] roarer, bellower, neigher, [especially] bull, stallion, etc; also reed, rush, sedge; river, stream. [feminine] nadī flowing water, river; a kind of fem. themes in ī or ū ([grammar]).

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Nāda (नाद).—[masculine] loud sound, cry, roaring, thunder, sound or noise i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Naḍa (नड):—[from naḍ] (or naLa) m. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also n.) a species of reed, Arundo Tibialis or Karka, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince with the [patronymic] Naishidhs, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (= Nala Naiṣadha [Scholiast or Commentator])

3) [v.s. ...] of a Nāga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a [particular] tribe whose employment is making a sort of glass bracelet, [Horace H. Wilson] (cf. nala).

5) Nada (नद):—[from nad] m. a roarer, bellower, thunderer, crier, neigher etc. (as a cloud, horse, bull, met. a man, [i, 179, 4 ]), [Ṛg-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of [Ṛg-veda viii, 58, 2] (beginning with nadam), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] a river (if thought of as male ifc. ind (-nadam). ; cf. nadī), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] = naḍa, reed, [Ṛg-veda i, 32, 8]

9) [v.s. ...] [according to] to some also, ‘the penis’.

10) Nāḍa (नाड):—n. ([from] naḍa) = nāla, a hollow stalk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Nāḍā (नाडा):—[from nāḍa] f. Name of a [particular] verse, [Vaitāna-sūtra]

12) Nāda (नाद):—m. (√nad) a loud sound, roaring, bellowing, crying, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

13) any sound or tone, [Prātiśākhya; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (= śabda, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

14) (in the Yoga) the nasal sound represented by a semicircle and used as an abbreviation in mystical words, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) a praiser (= stotṛ), [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 16.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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