Nada, aka: Nāda, Naḍa; 20 Definition(s)


Nada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Nāda is Consciousness about to manifest as the universe. It also means subtle sound. This can be best explained by ṃ. There is no other way to explain this. It is like humming nasal sound. The sound made after closing both the lips is nāda. Without nāda, bindu cannot be effective as bindu cannot be pronounced separately. Nādabindu refers to the union of Śiva and Śakti, where Nāda means Śakti and bindu means Śiva.

Source: Manblunder: Maha Shodashi Mantra Explained
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nāda (नाद).—See under Pāṭṭu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Nāda (नाद, “sound”) refers to Śiva while Bindu refers to Śakti (power), as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “the entire universe consisting of the movable and the immovable is of the nature of Bindu (dot) and Nāda (sound). Bindu is Śakti (Power) and Śiva is Nāda. Hence the universe is pervaded by Śiva and Śakti. Bindu is the support of Nāda. The universe has the support of Bindu. Both Bindu and Nāda together support the entire universe. The unification of the Bindu and the Nāda is called Sakalīkaraṇa and the universe takes its birth as a result of this Sakalīkaraṇa. The Phallic emblem is the fusion of Bindu and Nāda and is the cause of the universe. Bindu is the goddess and Śiva is the Nāda and the fusion of the two is the phallic emblem of Śiva. Hence to ward off future births, the devotee shall worship the phallic emblem of Śiva. Goddess of the form of Bindu is the mother and Śiva of the form of Nāda is the father”.

Note: Nāda is a nasal sound represented by a semicircle and used as an abbreviation in mystical words.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation

Nāda (नाद).—A sage of the Cākṣuṣa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nada (नद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Nāda (नाद).—The evolution of the material world is camplemented by that of the world of language encompassing transcendent, subtle and gross sounds. The transcendent sound-principle is nāda, fram which evolve articulate speech, letters, syllables, words and sentences. Nāda complements bindu, the transcendent material-principle. This is the fundamental principle of the science of mantras, and hence their relevance in building rites. The potency of the seed syllables (bīja) owes to the conceived undifferentiated unity of nāda and bindu in them.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Nāda (नाद).—(l) voice; resonance; tone; the sound caused by the vibration of the vocal chords in the open glottis when the air passes through them; cf. वर्णाोत्पत्त्यनन्तरभावी अनुरणनरूपः शब्दः नादः (varṇāोtpattyanantarabhāvī anuraṇanarūpaḥ śabdaḥ nādaḥ) Uddyota on M. Bh. on P. I. 1.9; cf. also संवृते कण्ठे यः शब्दः क्रियते स नादसंज्ञो भवति (saṃvṛte kaṇṭhe yaḥ śabdaḥ kriyate sa nādasaṃjño bhavati) T. Pr. II. 4; (2) sound, articulate sound generally without sense, which is momentary; (3) the highest sound. See परा (parā).

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Nāda (नाद, “voiced”) refers to a type of ābhyantara (“internal effort”) of articulation (uccāraṇa) according to Indian linguistic tradition (viz., śikṣā, ‘phonetics’, vyakaraṇa, ‘grammar’, nirukta, etymology’ and chandas, ‘prosody’.). Nāda (voiced) occurs, for instance, when pronouncing ga.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (shiksha)
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Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Nāda means “sound” or “tone” and “universal pulse of life” or “flowing stream of consciousness.” In yoga, nāda refers to the nasal sound often found in mystical words.

Source: Google Books: Sacred Sanskrit Words

The Nāda or Śabda is the first expression of creation. The Śabda Brahman is the cause of the manifest and differentiated word and meaning or the subtle and crude objects. Without understanding the meaning and significance of sphoṭa or the eternal word, one cannot become one with Brahman. The Supreme Bliss is accomplished only after the removal of Nāda-Bindu ignorance. Tantra prescribes Nāda-Bindu Yoga for the attainment of supreme oneness with Parama Śiva.

Source: Google Books: Tantra, Its Mystic and Scientific Basis

Naḍa (नड, ‘reed’) is mentioned in the Rigveda as growing in lakes, and in the Atharvaveda is described as vārṣika, ‘produced in the rains’. Reeds were used, after being split, for making mats, a work carried out by women. They are frequently mentioned elsewhere. See also Nada.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

India history and geogprahy

Nāḍa is a term referring to an administrative region during the rule of Kannaḍa-speaking Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—The deśa (administrative unit) was there divided into nāḍas or khollas. Thus the territory round Kolhāpur was known as Eḍenāḍa. It had several khollas or gollas.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

nāda : (m.) roar; sound.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nāda, (Sk. nāda, see nadati) loud sound, roaring, roar J. I, 19 (sīha°), 50 (koñca°), 150 (mahā°). Cp. pa°. (Page 349)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

naḍa (नड).—f An impediment, hinderance, obstruction, let. 2 Annoyance, molestation, infestation, plague. Ex. tyācē gharīṃ pāhuṇyāñcī naḍa phāra āhē. v paḍa, hō.

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nada (नद).—m (S) A river. Applied only to rivers of which the personification is male. See the enumeration under saptanada. In the Puran̤s there are others however; such as uthya, bhidya &c.

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nāḍa (नाड).—f (nāḍī S) Any tubular organ of the body; an artery, a vein, an intestine. 2 The pulse. v pāha. 3 The tape (of drawers &c.) 4 n A tube; a joint of bamboo or other hollow wood. 5 A tube for giving medicines to cattle, a drenching tube. 6 f (Commonly nāḍī) A division of the nakṣatrēṃ. nāḍa sāmpaḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To discover one's natural temper or disposition. nāḍī aṭapaṇēṃ g. of s. To be on the point of death: also to be reduced to incapability of further exertion. nāḍī dākhaviṇēṃ (Here nāḍa is pl.) To show (offer to be felt) the pulse. nāḍī pāhaṇēṃ To feel the pulse.

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nāḍā (नाडा).—m A rope or cord: but, par eminence, the rope of a draw-well; the draw-rope or traces of vehicles; the load-rope or binding rope of carts; the rope by which boats are swung across a river; a track-rope or tow-rope: the colored and twisted cord worn around the wrist during the Muharram; the cordage of a ship; the tape or string by which drawers &c. are drawn around the waist and tied; the rope of rope-dancers. 2 A strap, thong, or leash of leather. 3 C A rope-dancer's or tumbler's pole, a poy. 4 A drenching tube. 5 Standing on the head. nāḍā pasaraṇēṃ g. of s. (To have one's cart-traces draggling or lying about.) To have extensive or disorderly affairs.

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nāda (नाद).—m (S) Sound or noise; esp. a prolonged or continuing sound, or a reverberated sound. Hence nādānta asaṇēṃ or nādīṃ lāgaṇēṃ-bharaṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ- lāvaṇēṃ To be or to keep under the hum and buzz of; i. e. to pursue intently and devotedly; to be engrossed by the desire or contemplation of. Ex. mī gēlōṃ tēvhāṃ tō lihiṇyācē nādānta bōlaṇyācē nādānta &c. hōtā; hā gṛhastha tyā rāṇḍēcē nādīṃ lāgalā. nāda jāṇēṃ g. of s. (To be lost or spoiled--the true sound of a vessel &c., as from a crack. To be no more--one's credit or great name. nāda davaḍaṇēṃ or ghālaviṇēṃ To destroy one's credit or great name. nāda lāvaṇēṃ To draw after; to hold in expectation; to make to dance attendance. See nādīṃ lāvaṇēṃ. nādānēṃ nāda Quarrel from quarrel. v hō, cāla, vāḍha, lāga.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

naḍa (नड).—f An impediment, obstruction. An- noyance.

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nada (नद).—m A river.

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nāḍa (नाड).—f See nā़ḍī.

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nāḍā (नाडा).—m A rope or cord: but, par eminence the rope of a draw-well. The coloured and twisted cord worn

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nāda (नाद).—m Sound or noise; a prolonged sound. nādānta asaṇēṃ or nāndī lāgaṇēṃ-bharaṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ- lāvaṇēṃ To be or to keep under the hum and buzz of; to pursue intently and devotedly; to be engrossed by the desire or contemplation of. nāda jāṇēṃ To be lost or spoiled-the true sound of a vessel &c. as from a crack. To be no more-one's credit or great name. nāda davaḍaṇēṃ or ghālaviṇēṃ To destroy one's credit or great name. nāda lāvaṇēṃ To draw after, to hold in expectation; make to dance. See nādīṃ lāvaṇēṃ. nādānēṃ nāda Quarrel from quarrel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Naḍa (नड).—A species of reed.

-ḍaḥ 1 Name of a prince with patronymic Naiṣadha (= nalanaiṣadha); see नल (nala).

2) Name of a tribe preparing a sort of bracelets.

Derivable forms: naḍaḥ (नडः), naḍam (नडम्).

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Nada (नद).—[nadati śabdāyate-ac]

1) A river, great river (such as the Indus); दधद्भिरभितस्तटौ विकचवारिजाम्बू नदैः (dadhadbhirabhitastaṭau vikacavārijāmbū nadaiḥ) Śi.4.66 (where Malli. remarks:-prāksrotaso nadyaḥ pratyaksrotaso nadā narmadāṃ vinetyāhuḥ)

2) A stream, flowing stream, rivulet; सुनिनदैर्नदैर्वृतम् (suninadairnadairvṛtam) Ki.5.27.

3) The ocean.

4) Ved. A horse.

5) A cloud.

6) A praiser (ṛṣi).

Derivable forms: nadaḥ (नदः).

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Nāḍa (नाड).—= नाल (nāla) q. v.

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Nāda (नाद).—[nad-ghañ]

1) A loud roar, cry, shout, sounding, roaring; सिंहनादः, घन° (siṃhanādaḥ, ghana°) &c.

2) A sound in general; Māl.5.2; न नादेन विना गीतं न नादेन विना स्वरः । न नादेन विना रागस्तस्मान्नादात्मकं जगत् (na nādena vinā gītaṃ na nādena vinā svaraḥ | na nādena vinā rāgastasmānnādātmakaṃ jagat) || Saṅgītadāmodara.

3) (In Yoga phil.) The nasal sound represented by a semicircle.

4) One who praises.

Derivable forms: nādaḥ (नादः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 146 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Siṃhanāda (सिंहनाद).—m. (-daḥ) A war-cry, war-hoop, shouting or roaring upon making an onset. E...
Mahānāda (महानाद).—A Rākṣasa. In Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, we see that he was a Minister ...
1) Meghanāda (मेघनाद).—Indrajit, son of Rāvaṇa. (Only portions which were left off under the en...
1) Pañcanada (पञ्चनद).—A land of the north-western side of Bhārata. This is at present called t...
Bhīmanāda (भीमनाद).—m. (-daḥ) 1. A lion. 2. A loud or fearful sound. 3. Name of one of the seve...
Naḍaprāya (नडप्राय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Abounding in reeds. E. naḍa, and prāya aboundance.
Nāḍa-gauḍa.—same as Nāḍu-gauḍa, Nār-gāvuṇḍa, etc. Note: nāḍa-gauḍa is defined in the “Indian ep...
Ghaṇṭānāda (घण्टानाद).—m. (-daḥ) The sound of a bell, &c. E. ghaṇṭā, and nāda sound.
Haṃsanāda (हंसनाद).—the cackling of a goose. Derivable forms: haṃsanādaḥ (हंसनादः).Haṃsanāda is...
Īṣannāda (ईषन्नाद).—a. slightly sounding (a term applied to unaspirated soft consonants). Īṣann...
Naḍāgiri (नडागिरि).—An intelligent elephant with discriminative power. Mention is made about th...
Nāḍa-senabova.—(ASLV), officer in charge of the accounts of a nāḍu or district. Note: nāḍa-sena...
Naḍabhakta (नडभक्त).—a place abounding in reeds. Derivable forms: naḍabhaktam (नडभक्तम्).Naḍabh...
Kalanāda (कलनाद).—a. having a low and sweet tone. -daḥ a swan; see कलध्वनि (kaladhvani). Kalanā...
Naḍāgāra (नडागार).—a hut of reeds. Derivable forms: naḍāgāram (नडागारम्), naḍāgāram (नडागारम्)....

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