Virodha; 10 Definition(s)
Virodha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Virodha (विरोध) refers to “incompatibility”, and more specifically, it refers to foods that should not be taken together. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
1a) Virodha (विरोध).—A son of Vāta, the Rākṣasa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 96.
1b) A son of Bāṣkala.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 79.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Virodha (विरोध, “hindrance”) refers to ‘frustration’ or impediment to the successful progression of the plot. Virodha represents one of the thirteen pratimukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. This element is also known by the name Nirodha. Pratimukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the progressing part (pratimukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Virodha (विरोध) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—Ancient Ālaṃkārikas Bhāmaha (III/24) Udbhaṭa (V/9), Daṇḍin (II/333) have treated the figure named virodha. Vāmana (IV/3.12), Mammaṭa (X/166) Viśvanātha (X/89) and Jagannātha (II/P. 427) and some others have mentioned the word ābhāsa in the definition of virodha. Some Ālaṃkarikas like Appyyadīkṣita and kavikarṇapura have given the name virodhābhāsa.
Cirañjīva and Jayadeva (the author of Candrāloka) has treated the figures virodha and virodhābhāsa separately. When contradiction appears in mutual connection among genus, attribute, action and substance it is the figure virodha. Cirañjīva (K.V.II/P. 34) defines it as—“virodho’nupapattiśced guṇadravyakriyādiṣu”. This definition occurs verbatim in the Candrāloka of Jayadeva (C.L.V/74). Cirañjīva is silent about the varieties of this virodha. In the Sāhityadarpaṇa of Viśvanātha the varieties of virodha have been mentioned clearly.
Example of the virodha-alaṃkāra:—
sa kīdṛśaḥ śītakaro yo māṃ dahati santatam |
sa ca kālaḥ kathaṃ krūro yo me śaraṇatāṃ gataḥ ||
“What type of pacifier is he who always torments me. How the god of death (Yama) under whom I have taken refuge be merciless”.
Notes: In this verse the pacifying nature of a person who is the tormentor is contradictory, similarly the cruelty of Yama under whom one has taken refuge is contradictory in nature. So this verse is an examples of virodha.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Virodha (विरोध).—Opposition or conflict between two rules where, the rule which is subsequently mentioned is regarded as stronger and given preference to, as far as its application is concerned; cf. तुल्यबलयोर्विरोधो विप्र-तिषेधः । विप्रतिषेधे परं कार्यम् (tulyabalayorvirodho vipra-tiṣedhaḥ | vipratiṣedhe paraṃ kāryam) P.I.4.2; (2) contradiction where one thing prevents another; cf. सर्वनामस्थाने इति अनुवर्तमानमपि विरोधादिह न संबध्यते (sarvanāmasthāne iti anuvartamānamapi virodhādiha na saṃbadhyate) Kāś.on P.VII.1.86.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Languages of India and abroad
virodha : (m.) opposition; contradiction; obstruction.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Virodha, (vi+rodha1) obstruction, hindrance, opposition, enmity S. I, 111; IV, 71, 210; Sn. 362; Pug. 18, 22; Kvu 485; Miln. 394; DhsA. 39.—avirodha absence of obstruction, gentleness M. II, 105=Th. 1, 875; Pv III, 73. (Page 635)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
virōdha (विरोध).—m (S) Opposition; action or influence against; antagonism, contrariety, hostility. For ex. of comp. see under viruddha. 2 Inconsistency (in argument). 3 Antithesis or contrast.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
virōdha (विरोध).—m Opposition. Inconsistency. Contrast.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Opposition, obstruction, impediment.
2) Blockade, siege, investment.
3) Restraint, check.
4) Inconsistency, incongruity, contradiction; विरोधो न विद्यते ब्रह्माद्वितीयमेव सत्यम् (virodho na vidyate brahmādvitīyameva satyam) | (-tripādvibhūtimahānārāyaṇopaniṣat 4.2.)
5) Antithesis, contrast.
6) Enmity, hostility; विरोधो विश्रान्तः (virodho viśrāntaḥ) U.6.11; Pt.1.332; R.1.13.
7) A quarrel, disagreement.
8) A calamity, misfortune.
9) (In Rhet.) An apparent incongruity which is merely verbal and is explained away by properly construing the passage; it consists in representing objects as antithetical to one another though in the nature of things they are not so; representing things as being together though really they cannot be together; (this figure is largely used by Bāṇa and Subandhu; puṣpavatyapi pavitrā, kṛṣṇo'pyasudarśanaḥ, bharato'pi śatrughnaḥ being familiar instances;) it is thus defined by Mammaṭa :-विरोधः सोऽविरोधे- ऽपि विरुद्धत्वेन यद्वचः (virodhaḥ so'virodhe- 'pi viruddhatvena yadvacaḥ) K. P.1; this figure is also called विरोधाभास (virodhābhāsa)).
Derivable forms: virodhaḥ (विरोधः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Virodhābhāsa (विरोधाभास) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by C...
Smṛtivirodha (स्मृतिविरोध).—1) opposition to law, illegality. 2) disagreement between two or mo...
Virodhakṛt (विरोधकृत्).—a. opposing. (-m.) an enemy. Virodhakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Pratijñāvirodha (प्रतिज्ञाविरोध).—1) breaking an agreement, acting contrary to promise. 2) deni...
Vacanavirodha (वचनविरोध).—inconsistency of precepts, contradiction or incongruity of texts. Der...
Śabdavirodha (शब्दविरोध).—opposition of words (in a sentence). Derivable forms: śabdavirodhaḥ (...
Virodhaparihāra (विरोधपरिहार).—reconciliation; Kull. on Ms.7.152.Derivable forms: virodhaparihā...
Hṛdayavirodha (हृदयविरोध).—oppression of the heart. Derivable forms: hṛdayavirodhaḥ (हृदयविरोधः...
Virodhakārin (विरोधकारिन्).—a. fomenting quarrels. Virodhakārin is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Śāstravirodha (शास्त्रविरोध).—1) mutual contradiction of sacred precepts, inconsistency of prec...
Virodhopamā (विरोधोपमा).—(in Rhet.) a comparison founded on opposition; शतपत्रं शरच्चन्द्रस्त्व...
Virodhavacana (विरोधवचन).—contradiction, opposition. Derivable forms: virodhavacanam (विरोधवचनम...
1) Vaṭa (वट) is the name of a tree (Baḍa) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial star)...
Alaṃkāra (अलंकार).—The word alaṃkāra is derived as alaṃ kṛ ghañ. This suffix ghañ can be used i...
Nirodha (निरोध).—1 Confinement, locking up, imprisonment; Bhāg.1.58.58; निरोधनेन बन्धेन विविधेन...
Search found 12 books and stories containing Virodha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 21 - Śaila Śrīnivāsa < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 22 - Raṅgācārya < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter II.e - The doctrine of Anekāntavāda (the theory of manifoldness) < [Chapter II - Jaina theory of Knowledge]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Definition of distraction (vikṣepa) < [Part 5 - The virtue of meditation]
1. The teaching of the Piṭaka < [Part 3 - The Prajñā and the teaching of the Dharma]
II.6. Dharma of unhindered penetration < [II. Recollection of the Dharma (dharmānusmṛti)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)