Virata, aka: Vira-ta, Virāṭa, Virāta, Viraṭa, Vīrata; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Virata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

Virāṭa (विराट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.76) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Virāṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

Virata in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Virāṭa (विराट).—The son of Naya, who was the son of Gaya, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Gaya was the son of Ananta, whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Virāṭa had a son named Sudhīmān.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Virāṭa (विराट).—General information. The King of Matsya country. During the pseudonymity of the Pāṇḍavas this King sheltered them. At the end of the pseudonymity of one year, the Kauravas had stolen the cows of Virāṭa. In the fight which ensued Arjuna entered the battlefield with Uttara, the son of King Virāṭa, and defeated the Kauravas and proclaimed that the life of pseudonymity was over. After that Abhimanyu married Uttarā the daughter of Virāṭa. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva). (See full article at Story of Virāṭa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Virāṭa (विराट).—The country called Matsya. King Virāṭa was the ruler of this country. (See under Virāṭa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Virāṭa (विराट).—The father of Uttarā: the Matsya king; as a friend of Jarāsandha, besieged the southern gate of Mathurā, and the eastern gate of Gomanta.1 But he joined the Pāṇḍavas against the Kurus, and went to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse;2 in charge of Dakṣiṇāpatha.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 8. 14; 10. 9; X. 50. 11 [3]; 52. 11 [7].
  • 2) Ib. X. 78 [95 (v) 9]; 82. 25.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Virata was the King of Matsya Kingdom, adjacent to the Kingdom of Hastinapura, and their traditional foe. He had two sons, Shweta and Uttara, and a daughter named Uttara.

When the Pandavas had to spend the thirteenth year of their exile incognito, they chose to take up service with King Virata, disguising themselves as humble servants.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Virāṭa (विराट): King of Matsya, the country which was suggested by Bhima to live in incognito during the thirteenth year of their exile.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Virāṭa (विराट).—The King of the Matsyas. He unknowingly sheltered the Pāṇḍavas during their last year of exile. He took the side of the Pāṇḍavas and was killed by Droṇa during the Kurukṣetra war.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Virata in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

virata : (pp. of viramati) abstaining from.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Virata, (pp. of viramati) abstaining from (Abl.) Sn. 59, 531, 704, 900, 1070; Nd1 314; Nd2 591; VvA. 72; Sdhp. 338. (Page 633)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

virata (विरत).—p S Stopped, ceased, rested, come to a stand. 2 Freed from carnal or worldly desires and passions.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viraṭa (विरट).—

1) A kind of black agallochum.

2) The shoulder.

Derivable forms: viraṭaḥ (विरटः).

--- OR ---

Virata (विरत).—p. p.

1) Ceased or desisting from (with abl.).

2) Rested, stopped, ceased.

3) Ended, concluded, at an end; विरतं गेयमृतुर्निरुत्सवः (virataṃ geyamṛturnirutsavaḥ) R.8.66.

--- OR ---

Virāṭa (विराट).—

1) Name of a district in India.

2) Name of a king of the Matsyas. The Pāṇḍavas lived incognito in the service of this king for one year, (the thirteenth of their exile) having assumed different disguises. His daughter Uttarā was married to Abhimanyu and was mother of Parīkṣit who succeeded Yudhiṣṭhira to the throne of Hastināpura.

Derivable forms: virāṭaḥ (विराटः).

--- OR ---

Vīrata (वीरत).—heroism.

Derivable forms: vīratam (वीरतम्).

Vīrata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vīra and ta (त).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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