Vindhya; 12 Definition(s)


Vindhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vindhya in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—One of the seven holy mountains (kulaparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—One of the seven chief mountain chains. This mountain which separates South India from North India is famous in various ways in the Purāṇas.

(i) Agastya kicked Vindhya down. (See under Agastya).

(ii) Sunda and Upasunda, two asuras, did penance on Vindhya and got boons. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 208, Stanza 7).

(iii) Because of the fierce penance of Sunda, the mountain Vindhya became hot and from that day onwards smoke comes out from Vindhya. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 208, Stanza 10).

(iv) The deity of Vindhya stays in the palace of Kubera serving him. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Stanza 31).

(v) On this mountain there is the eternal abode of Devī Durgā. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 17).

(vi) Vindhya is one of the seven chief mountain chains. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 11).

(vii) In Tripuradahana (the burning of Tripuras) Vindhya appeared behind the chariot of Śiva as the emblem on his flag. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 202, Stanza 71);

(viii) Vindhya once became the axle of the chariot of Śiva. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 34, Stanza 22).

(ix) This mountain gave Subrahmaṇya two attendants named Ucchṛṅga and Atiśṛṅga. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 49).

(x) Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 25, Stanza 49, that he who does penance on the Vindhya, for a month without killing any living creature, could obtain all attainments.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—A mountain (Kulaparvata, Vāyu-purāṇa) in Bhārata varṣa. Here Dakṣa performed tapas;1 a Kulaparvata sacred for Śrāddha offerings.2 Here Haihaya came for hunting: Kṛṣṇa went there in search of Prasena;3 sacred to Vindyādhivāsinī and the Pitṛs;4 caused by Agastya to bow down and not to rise in height;5 joining with the Ganges is more sacred than Kurukṣetra;6 rivers originating from;7 obstructed by it the Gaṅgā enters the sea;8 Goddess of night was asked to seek shelter in the Vindhyas after she left Umā's body.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; VI. 4. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 3.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II, 16. 19; III. 7. 356; 13. 34; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 89; 58. 81; 69. 239; 77. 34; 88. 199; 96. 38.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 25; 71. 39.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 39; 22. 66.
  • 5) Ib. 61. 51.
  • 6) Ib. 106. 49.
  • 7) Ib. 114. 27-8; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 103.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 51; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 50.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 157, 17, 19.

1b) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vindhya (विन्ध्य) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.10, IX.44.13, IX.44.45). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vindhya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Vindhya in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—One of the eight kulaparvatas (boundary-mountains) mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—The Vindhya mountain is the famous mountain range of that name, which divides the Bharata-varṣa into two great parts, the north and the south. It is from here that the two high ways of the Uttarāpatha and Dakṣiṇāpatha started respectively to the North and the South. The Southern Ṛkṣa, Pāriyatra and Vindhya proper together make up what we call the Vindhya range.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Kavya (poetry)

Vindhya in Kavya glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vindhya (विन्ध्य) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Vindhyadakṣināpatha or the Vindhya Range or the Satpura hills between the Tāpī and Narmadā.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Vindhya (विन्ध्य) is the name of one of the seven kulaparvata (clan mountain) of Bhāratavarṣa, associated with a distinct country or tribe.—As ascertained by Professor Hemachandra Raychaudhuri, Vindhya is the mountain par excellence of the Āṭavtyas and other forest folk of Central India. Apart from its mention in the Nasik eulogy, the Vindhya mountain is mentioned in eight other inicription. Mandsaur inscription of Yalodharman and Viṣṇuvardhana refers to a tract of land, containing many countries. which lie between the Vindhya from the slopes of the summit of which there fiows the pale mass of the waters of Revā, and the mountain Pāriyātra. on which the trees are bent down in (their) frolicsome leaps by the long-tailed monkeys (and stretches) upto the ocean (Sindhu).

The Vindhya mountain comprised the chains of the ranges at the source of the Narmadā and Tāptī, and though most conspicuous in Western and central India, it extends right across the Peninsula, until passing through the neighbourhood of Gaya, its easternmost spurs reach and disappear in the valley of the Gaṅgā at Rajmahalas. Moreover, it appears that Vijha of the Nasik-praśasti denotes ‘the eastern Vindhyas’.

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Vindhya (विन्ध्य) refers to one of the seven kulaparvatas (chief mountains) mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Vindhya refers to that portion of the Vindhya range where from rise the Narmadā and the Tāptī.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Vindhya (विन्ध्य) is a range of mountains which stretches across India and divides Madhyadeśa or Middle Land from the south. It is one of the seven Kulaparvatas and is personified in the Purāṇas.

Source: Siva Purana (history)
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Vindhya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vindhya (विंध्य).—m S The Windhya or Bindh mountain, or the mountainous range, which runs across India from the province of Behar nearly to Gujarath, and properly divides Hindustan from the Dakhan̤.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—[vidadhāti karoti bhayam Uṇ.4.121]

1) Name of a range of mountain which separates Hindustan proper from the Deccan or south; it is one of the seven Kulaparvatas (q. v.) and forms the southern limit of Madhyadeśa; see Ms.2.21. [According to a legend, the Vindhya mountain, being jealous of the mount Meru (or Himālaya) demanded that the sun should revolve round himself as about Meru, which the sun declined to do; whereupon the Vindhya began to rise higher and higher so as to obstruct the path of the sun and moon. The gods being alarmed sought the aid of the sage Agastya, who approached the mountain and requested that by bending down he would give him an easy passage to the south, and that he would retain the same position till his return. This Vindhya consented to do (because according to one account, he regarded Agastya as his teacher); but Agastya never returned from the south, and Vindhya never attained the height of Meru.]

2) A hunter.

-ndhyā 1 Name of a plant (lavalī).

2) Small cardamoms.

3) A measure of time (truṭi); L. D. B.

Derivable forms: vindhyaḥ (विन्ध्यः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—m.

(-ndhyaḥ) 1. The Vind'hya mountain, or the mountainous range which runs across India from the Province of Behar, nearly to Guzerat, and properly divides Hindusthan from the Dakshin. 2. A hunter. f.

(-ndhyā) 1. A fruit, (Annona reticulata.) 2. Small cardamoms. E. vi implying opposition, dhyai to think, and ka aff., form irr., the mountain is supposed to obstruct the course of the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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