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Vindhya, 4 Definition(s)


Vindhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—One of the seven holy mountains (kulaparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—A mountain (Kulaparvata, Vāyu-purāṇa) in Bhārata varṣa. Here Dakṣa performed tapas;1 a Kulaparvata sacred for Śrāddha offerings.2 Here Haihaya came for hunting: Kṛṣṇa went there in search of Prasena;3 sacred to Vindyādhivāsinī and the Pitṛs;4 caused by Agastya to bow down and not to rise in height;5 joining with the Ganges is more sacred than Kurukṣetra;6 rivers originating from;7 obstructed by it the Gaṅgā enters the sea;8 Goddess of night was asked to seek shelter in the Vindhyas after she left Umā's body.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; VI. 4. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 3.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II, 16. 19; III. 7. 356; 13. 34; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 89; 58. 81; 69. 239; 77. 34; 88. 199; 96. 38.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 25; 71. 39.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 39; 22. 66.
  • 5) Ib. 61. 51.
  • 6) Ib. 106. 49.
  • 7) Ib. 114. 27-8; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 103.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 51; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 50.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 157, 17, 19.

1b) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Vindhya (विन्ध्य).—One of the eight kulaparvatas (boundary-mountains) mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—The Vindhya mountain is the famous mountain range of that name, which divides the Bharata-varṣa into two great parts, the north and the south. It is from here that the two high ways of the Uttarāpatha and Dakṣiṇāpatha started respectively to the North and the South. The Southern Ṛkṣa, Pāriyatra and Vindhya proper together make up what we call the Vindhya range.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikathaKathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

India history and geogprahy

Vindhya (विन्ध्य) is the name of one of the seven kulaparvata (clan mountain) of Bhāratavarṣa, associated with a distinct country or tribe.—As ascertained by Professor Hemachandra Raychaudhuri, Vindhya is the mountain par excellence of the Āṭavtyas and other forest folk of Central India. Apart from its mention in the Nasik eulogy, the Vindhya mountain is mentioned in eight other inicription. Mandsaur inscription of Yalodharman and Viṣṇuvardhana refers to a tract of land, containing many countries. which lie between the Vindhya from the slopes of the summit of which there fiows the pale mass of the waters of Revā, and the mountain Pāriyātra. on which the trees are bent down in (their) frolicsome leaps by the long-tailed monkeys (and stretches) upto the ocean (Sindhu).

The Vindhya mountain comprised the chains of the ranges at the source of the Narmadā and Tāptī, and though most conspicuous in Western and central India, it extends right across the Peninsula, until passing through the neighbourhood of Gaya, its easternmost spurs reach and disappear in the valley of the Gaṅgā at Rajmahalas. Moreover, it appears that Vijha of the Nasik-praśasti denotes ‘the eastern Vindhyas’.

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
context information

The history and geography of India includes names of areas, cities, countries and other regions of India, as well as historical dynasties, rulers, tribes and various local traditions, languages and festivals. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom but primarely encourages the path of Dharma, incorporated into religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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