Virati: 11 definitions


Virati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Virati means avoidance.

See Virati Cetasikas

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

the 3 'abstentions' or abstinences, are:

  • abstention from wrong speech,

  • wrong (bodily) action and

  • wrong livelihood;

corresponding to right speech, action and livelihood of the 8-fold Path (s. magga, 3-5).

By abstention is not simply meant the non-occurrence of the evil things in question, but the deliberate abstaining therefrom, whenever occasion arises.

They belong to the 'secondary' (not constant) mental concomitants obtaining in lofty consciousness (s. Tab. II). Cf. sīla.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Virati (विरति) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘vaiśya’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., virati) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

virati : (f.) abstinence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Virati, (f.) (vi+rati) abstinence Mhvs 20, 58. The three viratis given at DA. I, 305 (=veramaṇī) are sampatta°, samādāna°, setughāta° (q. v.). Cp. DhsA. 154 (tisso viratiyo), 218; Sdhp. 215, 341 & Cpd. 244, n. 2. (Page 633)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

virati (विरति).—S f Stopping, ceasing, rest, cessation. 2 Extinction of earthly desires and affections. See ex. under advayayukti.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virati (विरति).—f.

1) Cessation, stop, discontinuance.

2) Rest, end, pause.

3) Indifference to worldly attachments; विरतिवनितासंगमुदितः (virativanitāsaṃgamuditaḥ) Bh.3.79; A. Rām.2.1.41.

Derivable forms: viratiḥ (विरतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virati (विरति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Stop, cessation, term, rest. 2. End, term. E. vi before ram to play, ktin aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virati (विरति).—i. e. vi-ram + ti, and vi -rati, f. 1. Stop. 2. Cessation. 3. End, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 51. 4. Indifference, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 203, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Virati (विरति):—[=vi-rati] [from vi-rata > vi-ram] f. cessation, pause, stop, end ([in the beginning of a compound] = finally), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] end of or caesura within a Pada, [Śrutabodha]

3) [v.s. ...] resignation, desistence or abstention from ([ablative] [locative case], or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Vedāntasāra; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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