Vajrahasta, Vajrahastā: 4 definitions


Vajrahasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vajrahasta in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Vajrahastā (वज्रहस्ता) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Vajrahastā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vajrahastā (वज्रहस्ता).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Vajrahasta (वज्रहस्त) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Ruru, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Ruru) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Vajrahasta), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Vajrahasta according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Ruru) having a pure white color, adorned with ornaments set with rubies; he should carry an akṣamālā, the aṅkuśa, a pustaka and a vīṇā. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

1) Vajrahasta (b. 896 A.D), son of Guṇamahārṇava, is the name of a king, according to the “Grant of Rājarāja I Devendravarman” (1077 A.D.). The son of Guṇamahārṇava was Vajrahasta I (circa 896-940 A.D.) who is next described in a stanza (verse 1) saying that he united under his rule the earth (i.e. the Gaṅga kingdom), which had been previously divided into five parts ruled separately by different kings, and reigned for forty-four years.

Then comes a section in prose (lines 13-15) speaking of the three sons of Vajrahasta I, viz. Guṇḍama I (circa 940-43 A.D.), Kāmārṇava I (circa 943-78 A. D.) and Vinayāditya (circa 978-81 A.D.), who ruled for three, thirtyfive and three years respectively.

2) Vajrahasta III (1038-70 A.D.) is the son of Aniyaṅkabhīma I, as mentioned in the “Grant of Rājarāja I Devendravarman” (1077 A.D.). Verses 7-13 describe Vajrahasta III (1038-70 A.D.) who was the son of Kāmārṇava II from the Vaidumba princess Vinaya-Mahādēvī, and ruled for thirty-three years after having been installed on the throne in Śaka 960 (viyad-ṛtu-nidhi), month Vṛṣabha (solar Jyeṣṭha), sudi 3, Sunday, Rōhiṇī-nakṣatra, Dhanurlagna.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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