Ruru; 14 Definition(s)


Ruru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ruru (रुरु) is the name of an asura king who terrorised the gods (devas), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 96. Ruru was eventually defeated by Raudrī who struck him and severed his head (muṇḍa) from his trunk (carma). Raudrī is the form of Trikalā having a black body representing the energy of Maheśvara (Śiva). Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Ruru (रुरु).—There was another demon named Ruru who wanted to marry Pārvatī. He did such an unimaginable tapasya that everything started burning. Even Śiva and Pārvatī had to run. Pārvatī told Śiva to do something; Śiva replied that only she had to find a way out. She saw a lion fighting an elephant. She killed the lion and put on its skin as clothing, smeared with its blood and her appearance was terrible. Then she went to Ruru and asked him to stop meditating as he was doing it for her only. Ruru did not believe it and struck her with a mace. Terrible fight ensued. Śaktis started eating up the demons. Ruru fled but Pārvatī pursued him wherever he fled, caught hold of him and tore his head with her nails. Thus he got killed.

Source: Google Books: Know the Puranas

1) Ruru (रुरु).—A hermit famous in the Purāṇas.

Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Bhṛgu-Cyavana-Pramati-Ruru. (See full article at Story of Ruru from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Ruru (रुरु).—A mighty and valiant Asura. After procuring a boon from Brahmā, Ruru became arrogant and attacked the realm of gods. The Devas who were defeated by Ruru ran to the Blue mountain and prostrated before the goddess Śakti, who had been doing penance there. This goddess Śakti had been born from the matted hair of Śiva.

2) Ruru followed the Devas and reached the Blue mountain. When Devī saw Ruru and his mighty army a loud laugh burst out from her. From that laugh thousands of devilish figures came into existence. They completely annihilated the army of Ruru. After this Devī killed Ruru with the nail of her toe. (Padma Purāṇa, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ruru (रुरु).—A Bhairava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 78.

1b) A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 25.

1c) A son of Ahīnaka and father of Pāriyātraka.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 106.

1d) Some animals, more cruel than serpents give the name of Raurava to a hell. Kravyādas form a subdivision of this class.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 26. 1-12.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ruru (रुरु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ruru) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Ruru (रुरु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “deer”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Ruru is part of the sub-group named Ānupamṛga, refering to animals “who live in marshy land”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ruru (रुरु)—Sanskrit word for the animal “barasingha” (Cervus duvauceli) or “rum” (an animal of the deer species which casts its antlers and wanders roaming about in the forests in autumn). This animal is from the group called Kūlacara (‘shore-dwellers’). Kūlacara itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

 The flesh of the Ruru is slightly sweet and leaves an astringent after taste. It is heavy, spermatopoietic and pacifies the Vāyu and Kapham.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Ruru (रुरु) is the Sanskrit name of a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. The term is used throughout Śilpaśāstra literature.

Ruru has the following eight manifestations:

  1. Ruru,
  2. Kroḍadaṃṣṭra,
  3. Jaṭādhara,
  4. Viśvarūpa,
  5. Virūpākṣa,
  6. Nānārūpadhara,
  7. Vajrahasta,
  8. Mahākāya.

All these have a pure white color; they should be adorned with ornaments set with rubies and should carry an akṣamālā, the aṅkuśa, a pustaka and a vīṇā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Ruru (रुरु) is the name of a hermit who, while wandering around at will, got married to Priṣaḍvarā (also named Pramadvarā), the daughter of the apsara named Menakā’s, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 14. Their story is told by Vasantaka to queen Vāsavadattā after being released from prison.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ruru, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Ruru was the grandson of the sage Chyavana. He was the son of Pramati and Ghritachi. He was betrothed to a maiden named Pramadvara, who was the daughter of Menaka and the king of the Gandharvas (his name is not mentioned). This girl had been abandoned by her parents and had been brought up by a Rishi called Sthulakesa. (Refer to [Maha:1.8]).

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

ruru : (m.) a kind of deer.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ruru, (Vedic ruru: RV VI, 75, 15) a sort of deer, a stag; usually called ruru-miga J. IV, 256, 261; V, 406 (pl. rohitā rurū), 416. Cp. ruruva. (Page 574)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ruru (रुरु).—[rauti ru-krun Uṇ.4.113]

1) A kind of deer; विरुरुचे रुरुचेष्टितभूमिषु (viruruce ruruceṣṭitabhūmiṣu) R 9.51,72.

2) A dog.

3) A kind of savage animal; क्रव्यादा नाम रुरवः (kravyādā nāma ruravaḥ) Bhāg.5.26.12.

Derivable forms: ruruḥ (रुरुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ruru (रुरु).—m.

(-ruḥ) 1. A sort of deer. 2. A Daitya flayed by Siva. E. ru to weep, ku aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Raurava (रौरव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) 1. Formidable, horrible, terrific. 2. Dishonest, fraudulent....
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Menakā (मेनका).—f. (-kā) 1. One of the courtezans of Swarga. 2. Name of the wife of Himalaya. E...
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