Upashama, aka: Upasama, Upaśama; 7 Definition(s)
Upashama means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Upaśama can be transliterated into English as Upasama or Upashama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)
Upaśama (उपशम, “tranquility”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the guṇa, while its synonym śama falls under the liṅga heading, according to various Jain authors (eg., Cāmuṇḍarāya, Amitagati and Vasunandin). Hemacandra, in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.15 takes upaśama or śama to imply the stilling of the kaṣāyas.Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
upasama : (m.) calmness; appeasement.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Upasama, (Sk. upaśama, upa + śam) calm, quiet, appeasement, allaying, assuagement, tranquillizing Vin I 10 = S. IV, 331 = V. 421 (in freq. phrase upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saṃvattati; see nibbāna III, 7); D. I, 50; III, 130 sq. , 136 sq. , 229 (as one of the 4 objects of adhiṭṭhāna, viz. paññā° sacca° cāga° upasama°); M. I, 67; III, 246; S. I, 30, 34 (sīlena), 46 citta-v-ûpasama), 48, 55; II, 223, 277; III, 86 (saṅkhārānaṃ ... v-ūpasamo) D. II, 157; S. I, 158 (see vūpasama and saṅkhāra); (ariyaṃ maggaṃ dukkh°-gāminaṃ); IV, 62, 331; V, 65 (avūpasama), 179, 234 (°gāmin), 378 sq.; A. I, 3 (avūpasama), 30, 42; II, 14 (vitakk°); III, 325 sq.; V, 216, 238 sq.; Sn. 257, 724, 735, 737; It. 18 (dukkh°) 83; Dh. 205; Nd1 351; J. I, 97; Ps. I, 95; Miln. 170, 248; Vism. 197 (°ânussati); Sdhp. 587. Cp. vi° (vū°). (Page 147)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
upaśama (उपशम).—m S upaśānti f S Assuagement, mitigation, abatement (as of anger, pain, fever): tranquillity or calmness after excitement. Ex. māyēśīṃ hōya upaśānti || kēvaḷa urē jñapti || Let but māyā (Illusion) subside or cease, there will remain Pure knowledge or truth.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
upaśama (उपशम).—m upaśānti f Assuagement, mitigation, abatement.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Becoming quiet, assuagement, pacification; कुतोऽस्या उपशमः (kuto'syā upaśamaḥ) Ve.3; मन्युर्दुःसह एष यात्युपशमं नो सान्त्ववादैः स्फुटम् (manyurduḥsaha eṣa yātyupaśamaṃ no sāntvavādaiḥ sphuṭam) Amaru.6; cessation, stopping, extinction.
2) Relaxation, intermission.
3) Tranquility, calmness, patience; उपशमशीलाः परमर्षयः (upaśamaśīlāḥ paramarṣayaḥ) Bhāg.5.4.27. उपशमायनेषु स्वतनयेषु (upaśamāyaneṣu svatanayeṣu) Bhāg.5.1.29. ज्ञानस्योपशमः (jñānasyopaśamaḥ) Bh.2.82.
4) Control or restraint of the senses.
5) (in Astrono.) Name of the twentieth Muhūrta.
Derivable forms: upaśamaḥ (उपशमः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Upasama, (Sk. upaśama, upa + śam) calm, quiet, appeasement, allaying, assuagement, tranquillizi...
Upaśamakṣaya (उपशमक्षय).—(with Jainas) the destruction of activity &c. through quietism.Derivab...
Kṣayopaśama (क्षयोपशम).—complete annihilation of the desire of being active (Jaina). Derivable ...
Rogopaśama (रोगोपशम).—cure or alleviation of disease. Derivable forms: rogopaśamaḥ (रोगोपशमः).R...
Śama (शम).—cubit? see śama-sāmantakam.--- OR --- Śāma (शाम).—also sāma, q.v., semi-MIndic for S...
Rati (रति).—(= Pali id.), n. of a daughter of Māra: Mv iii.286.6 (Ratī, n. sg.); LV 378.4 (Rati...
Dukkha (दुक्ख) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as m...
Adhiṣṭhāna (अधिष्ठान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Abiding, resting; 2. Site, situation. 3. Prescribed rule, f...
Dama (दम) and Niyama were two Vidyādharas who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against S...
sāṅkhārā (सांखारा).—m Rubbish and mud &c. as gathered in and blocking up a water-channel. 2 Dre...
Adhiṭṭhānā or Adhiṭṭhānā-iddhi refers to “magic by virtue of an act of will” and represents a t...
Virāga (विराग).—m. (-gaḥ) 1. The absence of desire or passion, indifference, philosophy, the di...
Sammati (सम्मति).—f. (-tiḥ) 1. Wish, desire. 2. Order, command. 3. Agreement, assent, similarit...
Upaśamana (उपशमन).—1) Quieting, calming, appeasing.2) Mitigation, assuagement.3) Extinction, ce...
Search found 8 books and stories containing Upashama, Upasama or Upaśama. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXXVII - Upasama: the sameness or quietism of the soul < [Book IV - Sthiti prakarana (sthiti prakarana)]
Chapter CXCVII - Excellence of universal toleration < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
I. Lists of recollections (anusmṛti or anussati) < [Preliminary note on the Eight Recollections]
Part 4 - Conclusion (1): Preliminary Note < [Chapter LII - Elimination of the Triple Poison]
Emptiness 1-3: Inner, Outer and both Inner and Outer < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 12 - What is The Synopsis of The Pāramīs < [Chapter 7 - On Miscellany]
Biography (2): Anāthapiṇḍika, The Rich Man < [Chapter 45a - The Life Stories of Male Lay Disciples]
Part 6e - Reflective Knowledge (Paccavekkhana Ñāṇa) < [Chapter 7 - On Miscellany]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)