Upashama, Upasama, Upaśama: 10 definitions
Upashama means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Upaśama can be transliterated into English as Upasama or Upashama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Upaśama (उपशम, “tranquility”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the guṇa, while its synonym śama falls under the liṅga heading, according to various Jain authors (eg., Cāmuṇḍarāya, Amitagati and Vasunandin). Hemacandra, in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.15 takes upaśama or śama to imply the stilling of the kaṣāyas.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
upasama : (m.) calmness; appeasement.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Upasama, (Sk. upaśama, upa + śam) calm, quiet, appeasement, allaying, assuagement, tranquillizing Vin I 10 = S. IV, 331 = V. 421 (in frequent phrase upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saṃvattati; see nibbāna III, 7); D. I, 50; III, 130 sq. , 136 sq. , 229 (as one of the 4 objects of adhiṭṭhāna, viz. paññā° sacca° cāga° upasama°); M. I, 67; III, 246; S. I, 30, 34 (sīlena), 46 citta-v-ûpasama), 48, 55; II, 223, 277; III, 86 (saṅkhārānaṃ ... v-ūpasamo) D. II, 157; S. I, 158 (see vūpasama and saṅkhāra); (ariyaṃ maggaṃ dukkh°-gāminaṃ); IV, 62, 331; V, 65 (avūpasama), 179, 234 (°gāmin), 378 sq.; A. I, 3 (avūpasama), 30, 42; II, 14 (vitakk°); III, 325 sq.; V, 216, 238 sq.; Sn. 257, 724, 735, 737; It. 18 (dukkh°) 83; Dh. 205; Nd1 351; J. I, 97; Ps. I, 95; Miln. 170, 248; Vism. 197 (°ânussati); Sdhp. 587. Cp. vi° (vū°). (Page 147)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
upaśama (उपशम).—m S upaśānti f S Assuagement, mitigation, abatement (as of anger, pain, fever): tranquillity or calmness after excitement. Ex. māyēśīṃ hōya upaśānti || kēvaḷa urē jñapti || Let but māyā (Illusion) subside or cease, there will remain Pure knowledge or truth.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
upaśama (उपशम).—m upaśānti f Assuagement, mitigation, abatement.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Becoming quiet, assuagement, pacification; कुतोऽस्या उपशमः (kuto'syā upaśamaḥ) Ve.3; मन्युर्दुःसह एष यात्युपशमं नो सान्त्ववादैः स्फुटम् (manyurduḥsaha eṣa yātyupaśamaṃ no sāntvavādaiḥ sphuṭam) Amaru.6; cessation, stopping, extinction.
2) Relaxation, intermission.
3) Tranquility, calmness, patience; उपशमशीलाः परमर्षयः (upaśamaśīlāḥ paramarṣayaḥ) Bhāg.5.4.27. उपशमायनेषु स्वतनयेषु (upaśamāyaneṣu svatanayeṣu) Bhāg.5.1.29. ज्ञानस्योपशमः (jñānasyopaśamaḥ) Bh.2.82.
4) Control or restraint of the senses.
5) (in Astrono.) Name of the twentieth Muhūrta.
Derivable forms: upaśamaḥ (उपशमः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-maḥ) 1. Tranquillity, calmness, patience. 2. Intermission, cessation. E. upa much, śam to be tranquil, ap aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upaśama (उपशम).—[upa-śam + a], m. 1. Ceasing, Mahābhārata 1, 758. 2. Calmness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 80.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+4): Upashamakshaya, Vyadhyupashama, Aupashamika, Rogopashama, Upasamana, Bhayopashama, Adhitthana, Opasamika, Sama, Kshayopashama, Sankharupasama, Cagadhitthana, Sutrayantra, Samvartanaka, Dukkhupasama, Yogavasishthasamkshepa, Anussati, Sammati, Rati, Dama.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Upashama, Upasama, Upaśama, Upa-shama, Upa-śama, Upa-sama; (plurals include: Upashamas, Upasamas, Upaśamas, shamas, śamas, samas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXXVII - Upasama: the sameness or quietism of the soul < [Book IV - Sthiti prakarana (sthiti prakarana)]
Chapter CXCVII - Excellence of universal toleration < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
I. Lists of recollections (anusmṛti or anussati) < [Preliminary note on the Eight Recollections]
Part 4 - Conclusion (1): Preliminary Note < [Chapter LII - Elimination of the Triple Poison]
Emptiness 1-3: Inner, Outer and both Inner and Outer < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 12 - What is The Synopsis of The Pāramīs < [Chapter 7 - On Miscellany]
Biography (2): Anāthapiṇḍika, The Rich Man < [Chapter 45a - The Life Stories of Male Lay Disciples]
Part 6e - Reflective Knowledge (Paccavekkhana Ñāṇa) < [Chapter 7 - On Miscellany]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 15: Mahāvīra’s (Vīra’s) mokṣa (nirvāṇa, emancipation) < [Chapter XIII - Śrī Mahāvīra’s nirvāṇa]
Appendix 1.6: New and rare words < [Appendices]
Appendix 1.3: The Fourteen Guṇasthānas < [Appendices]