Upashama, Upasama, Upaśama: 18 definitions
Upashama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Upaśama can be transliterated into English as Upasama or Upashama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Upaśama (उपशम) refers to “assuagement”, as mentioned in verse 4.33-34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] avoidance of offences against wisdom, assuagement of the senses [viz., indriya-upaśama], awareness, knowledge of region, season, and constitution, (and) imitation of the conduct of sages: this method (has been) taught in brief for the non-arising of endogenous and accidental diseases and for the alleviation of (those which have) arisen”.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Upaśama (उपशम) refers to “(inner) peace”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (43) The wise people always [remain] in the inner peace (adhyātma-upaśama), not having pride of conceit (agarvita) by means of morality. They are not fixed on the interrupted consciousness and thought, depending on the thought of awakening (bodhicitta). [...]’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Upaśama (उपशम, “tranquility”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the guṇa, while its synonym śama falls under the liṅga heading, according to various Jain authors (e.g., Cāmuṇḍarāya, Amitagati and Vasunandin). Hemacandra, in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.15 takes upaśama or śama to imply the stilling of the kaṣāyas.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Upaśama (उपशम) refers to the “subsidence (of karma)”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.
“[...] Vajranābha instantly became completely acquainted with the ocean of scriptures, just as if the twelve aṅgas visible to the eye had become combined in one living body. Bāhu and the others were learned in eleven aṅgas. For the wealth of merit is varied in accordance with the variation in destruction (kṣaya) and subsidence (upaśama) of karma”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
upasama : (m.) calmness; appeasement.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Upasama, (Sk. upaśama, upa + śam) calm, quiet, appeasement, allaying, assuagement, tranquillizing Vin I 10 = S. IV, 331 = V. 421 (in frequent phrase upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saṃvattati; see nibbāna III, 7); D. I, 50; III, 130 sq. , 136 sq. , 229 (as one of the 4 objects of adhiṭṭhāna, viz. paññā° sacca° cāga° upasama°); M. I, 67; III, 246; S. I, 30, 34 (sīlena), 46 citta-v-ûpasama), 48, 55; II, 223, 277; III, 86 (saṅkhārānaṃ ... v-ūpasamo) D. II, 157; S. I, 158 (see vūpasama and saṅkhāra); (ariyaṃ maggaṃ dukkh°-gāminaṃ); IV, 62, 331; V, 65 (avūpasama), 179, 234 (°gāmin), 378 sq.; A. I, 3 (avūpasama), 30, 42; II, 14 (vitakk°); III, 325 sq.; V, 216, 238 sq.; Sn. 257, 724, 735, 737; It. 18 (dukkh°) 83; Dh. 205; Nd1 351; J. I, 97; Ps. I, 95; Miln. 170, 248; Vism. 197 (°ânussati); Sdhp. 587. Cp. vi° (vū°). (Page 147)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
upaśama (उपशम).—m S upaśānti f S Assuagement, mitigation, abatement (as of anger, pain, fever): tranquillity or calmness after excitement. Ex. māyēśīṃ hōya upaśānti || kēvaḷa urē jñapti || Let but māyā (Illusion) subside or cease, there will remain Pure knowledge or truth.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
upaśama (उपशम).—m upaśānti f Assuagement, mitigation, abatement.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Becoming quiet, assuagement, pacification; कुतोऽस्या उपशमः (kuto'syā upaśamaḥ) Ve.3; मन्युर्दुःसह एष यात्युपशमं नो सान्त्ववादैः स्फुटम् (manyurduḥsaha eṣa yātyupaśamaṃ no sāntvavādaiḥ sphuṭam) Amaruśataka 6; cessation, stopping, extinction.
2) Relaxation, intermission.
3) Tranquility, calmness, patience; उपशमशीलाः परमर्षयः (upaśamaśīlāḥ paramarṣayaḥ) Bhāgavata 5.4.27. उपशमायनेषु स्वतनयेषु (upaśamāyaneṣu svatanayeṣu) Bhāgavata 5.1.29. ज्ञानस्योपशमः (jñānasyopaśamaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.82.
4) Control or restraint of the senses.
5) (in Astrono.) Name of the twentieth Muhūrta.
Derivable forms: upaśamaḥ (उपशमः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-maḥ) 1. Tranquillity, calmness, patience. 2. Intermission, cessation. E. upa much, śam to be tranquil, ap aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upaśama (उपशम).—[upa-śam + a], m. 1. Ceasing, Mahābhārata 1, 758. 2. Calmness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 80.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upaśama (उपशम).—[masculine] coming to rest, cessation, tranquillity.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Upaśama (उपशम):—[=upa-śama] [from upa-śam] m. the becoming quiet, assuagement, alleviation, stopping, cessation, relaxation, intermission, [Māṇḍūkya-upaniṣad, 12 mantra; Prabodha-candrodaya; Pañcatantra] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] tranquillity of mind, calmness, patience, [Mahābhārata iii; Bhartṛhari; Śāntiśataka]
3) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) Name of the twentieth Muhūrta.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upaśama (उपशम):—[upa-śama] (maḥ) 1. m. Tranquillity.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a control or restraint of the senses.
2) [noun] a control of one’s wrath, aggressiveness, etc.; calmness; collectedness.
3) [noun] the act or fact of becoming or making less hard to bear (pain, suffering, distress, etc.) alleviation; a mitigating.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] a value approximately equal.
2) [noun] (math.) a result in mathematics not rigorously exact, but so near the truth as to be sufficient for a given purpose; approximation.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+22): Uvasama, Upashamashila, Aupashamika, Upashamakshaya, Vyupashama, Vyadhyupashama, Rogopashama, Upashamavat, Upashamayana, Upasamana, Upashanti, Bhayopashama, Adhitthana, Osama, Upashamavant, Upasamash, Uvacamam, Opasamika, Sama, Sankharupasama.
Search found 17 books and stories containing Upashama, Upa-śama, Upa-sama, Upa-shama, Upasama, Upaśama; (plurals include: Upashamas, śamas, samas, shamas, Upasamas, Upaśamas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXXVII - Upasama: the sameness or quietism of the soul < [Book IV - Sthiti prakarana (sthiti prakarana)]
Chapter CXCVIII - Excellence of Universal Toleration < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Mandukya Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 2.5 - Eighteen kinds of kṣāyopaśamika-bhāva < [Chapter 2 - Category of the Living]
Verse 2.1 - Distinctive characteristics of the soul (jīva) < [Chapter 2 - Category of the Living]
Verse 1.3 - Attainment of right faith < [Chapter 1 - Right Faith and Knowledge]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.14.10 < [Chapter 14 - Yamarāja’s Saṅkīrtana]
Verse 3.2.13 < [Chapter 2 - Description of the Lord’s Travel Through Bhuvaneśvara and Other Placesto Jagannātha Purī]
Verse 3.4.225 < [Chapter 4 - Descriptions of Śrī Acyutānanda’s Pastimes and the Worship of Śrī Mādhavendra]
Yogadrstisamuccaya of Haribhadra Suri (Study) (by Riddhi J. Shah)
Chapter 4.5b - Pratyāhāra (withdrawal of the senses) < [Chapter 4 - The Eight Yogadṛṣṭis and the nature of a Liberated Soul]
Chapter 1.8 - The Goal in Jain Yoga < [Chapter 1 - The Jain Yoga Tradition—A Historical Review]