Aupashamika, Aupaśamika: 6 definitions



Aupashamika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aupaśamika can be transliterated into English as Aupasamika or Aupashamika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Aupashamika in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Aupaśamika (औपशमिक) refers to “right-belief which arises from suppression of karma” and represents one of the five classes of Saṃyagdarśana (“right-belief”), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Attachment to the principles told by the scriptures is called ‘right-belief’ (saṃyakśraddhāna or saṃyagdarśana), and is produced by intuition or instruction of a Guru. [...] It is five-fold. Of these, the aupaśamika arises at the first acquisition of right-belief by a creature whose knot of karma has been cut, and lasts for an antarmuhūrta. There is also a second aupaśamika, produced by suppression of delusion, from the mounting of the upaśamaśreṇi by one whose delusion is suppressed. [...]”.

Note: These 2 kinds of aupaśamika are very confusing. They are not connected. The first is the same mentioned a few lines earlier as being ‘innate’. This occurs only once. The second aupaśamika may be lost and regained as many as 4 times. It may exist from the fourth to the eleventh Guṇasthāna.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Aupaśamika (औपशमिक, “subsidence”) refers to one of the five dispositions (thought-activities) of the soul, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.1. What is meant by subsidence (aupaśamika)? Not letting the karmas become active even though they are associated with the soul is called subsidence e.g. letting mud settle down in a glass of muddy water. What is meant by subsidence disposition? The disposition of the soul due to the subsidence of karmas associated with the soul is called subsidence disposition.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aupashamika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aupaśamika (औपशमिक).—adj. (= Pali opasamika; in Sanskrit only as technical term of Jainas; from Sanskrit upaśama plus -ika; compare an-aupa°, and upa°), tending to tranquillity; usually, as in Pali, epithet of dharma: Mahāvastu ii.33.3 dharmaṃ…aupa- samikaṃ (so mss. and ed.); 41.9 dharmaṃ tu opasamikaṃ (v.l. aupas°); Avadāna-śataka ii.107.7 dharmaś ca…aupaśamikaḥ; Bodhisattvabhūmi 24.13 (hitānvayaḥ svaparārtho bodhisattvasya)… aupaśamikaś ca.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aupaśamika (औपशमिक):—mfn. ([from] upa-śama), (with Jainas) resulting from the ceasing (of the effects of past actions), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aupaśamika (औपशमिक):—(von upaśama) adj. bei den Jaina aus dem zur-Ruhe-Gekommensein hervorgehend [SARVADARŚANAS. 34, 6. 8. 11.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aupaśamika (औपशमिक):—Adj. bei den Jaina aus dem zur Ruhe Gekommensein hervorgehend.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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