Adhitthana, Adhiṭṭhānā, Adhiṭṭhāna: 5 definitions



Adhitthana means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Adhitthana in Theravada glossary
Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsDetermination; resolution. One of the ten perfections (paramis).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

as a doctrinal term, occurs chiefly in two meanings:

1. 'Foundation': four 'foundations' of an Arahat's mentality, mentioned and explained in M. 140: the foundation of wisdom (paññā), of truthfulness (sacca) of liberality (cāga) and of peace (upasama). See also D. 33 and Com.

2. 'Determination', resolution, in: adhitthāna-iddhi, 'magical power of determination' (s. iddhi); adhitthāna-pāramī, 'perfection of resolution' (s. pāramī).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Adhitthana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Adhiṭṭhānā or Adhiṭṭhānā-iddhi refers to “magic by virtue of an act of will” and represents a type of Iddhi (magical process) which is related to the Sanskrit Ṛddyabhijñā: one of the six “superknowledges” (abhijñā), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII. Adhiṭṭhānā-iddhi is magic by virtue of an act of will, to which the canonical formula exclusively refers: “Being one, he becomes many”, etc.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhitthana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhiṭṭhāna : (ger.; nt.) decision; resolution; determination.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhiṭṭhāna, (nt.) (fr. adhi + sthā) 1. decision, resolution, self-determination, will (cp. on this meaning Cpd. 62) D.III, 229 (where 4 are enumd., viz. paññā°, sacca° cāga° upasama°); J.I, 23; V, 174; Ps.I, 108; II, 171 sq., 207; DhsA.166 (cp. Dhs. trsl. 44). — 2. mentioned in bad sense with abhinivesa and anusaya, obstinacy, prejudice and bias M.I, 136; III, 31, 240; S.II, 17; III, 10, 135, 194. — As adj. (-°) applying oneself to, bent on A.III, 363. — 3. looking after, management, direction, power Miln.309 (devānaṃ); PvA.141 (so read for adhitaṭṭhāna). (adiṭṭhāna as PvA.89, used as explanatory for āvāsa, should perhaps be read adhiṭṭhāna in the sense of fixed, permanent, abode). (Page 28)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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