Ratnatraya, Ratna-traya: 11 definitions


Ratnatraya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Ratnatraya (रत्नत्रय) refers to a group of texts belonging to the Pāñcarātra division of the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas.—The cornerstone of Pāñcarātrāgama is a group of three ancient Āgamas famed as the Ratnatraya–viz., Sāttvata Saṃhitā, Pauṣkara Saṃhitā and Jayākhya Saṃhitā. The Īśvara, Pārameśvara and Pādma-Saṃhitā are respectively derived from the former three. In all these works, practical injunctions and rituals are interspersed with theological discussions. The Sāttvata Saṃhitā forms the basis for the worship in the Tirunārāyaṇa temple in Melkote, the Pauṣkara Saṃhitā in the Śrīraṅga temple, and the Jayākhya Saṃhitā in the Kāñcīpuram Varadarājasvāmī shrine (Cf. Īśvarasaṃhitā I.67).

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ratnatraya (रत्नत्रय) [=triratna?] refers to the “three jewels”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “I bow to all Buddhas, and to the dharma spoken by the Buddha, And to the Sangha perfected in virtue, I bow to the three jewels (ratnatraya). The three jewels are my refuge, I confess in proportion to all my sins, Rejoicing in the merit of the world, turning thought to enlightenment”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ratnatraya in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Ratnatraya (रत्नत्रय) refers to the “three jewels” [i.e., namo ratnatrayāya], [as mentioned in the Vajra-beak dhāraṇī taught by the Garuḍa-king], according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Ratnatraya in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ratnatraya (रत्नत्रय) [=triratna?] refers to the “three jewels”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next, some abandon (tyajanti) the Three Jewels (ratnatrayaṃ) [they] gained (prāptam), and he explains (darśayati) exactly that]—And having duly found the path consisting of the Three Jewels (ratnatraya-ātmaka), some whose minds are entirely stupefied by the poison of excessive wrong faith, give up. Some person destroys himself, someone is destroyed by those who have destroyed [themselves] and someone is diverted from the path [to liberation] by the teachings of fierce heretics”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ratna-traya.—(EI 8), Jain; samyag-darśana, samyag-jñāna and samyak-cāritra. (EI 27, 30, 31), Buddhist; the tri-ratna or trinity; a Buddhist religious establishment enshrining the three ratnas; rent-free land in its possession (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXX, p. 46). Cf. ratnatraya-sambhoga. Note: ratna-traya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ratnatraya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ratnatraya (रत्नत्रय).—

1) (with Buddhists) बुद्ध, धर्म (buddha, dharma) and संघ (saṃgha).

2) (with Jainas) सम्यग् दर्शन, सम्यग् ज्ञान (samyag darśana, samyag jñāna) and सम्यक् चारित्र (samyak cāritra).

Derivable forms: ratnatrayam (रत्नत्रयम्).

Ratnatraya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and traya (त्रय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ratnatraya (रत्नत्रय).—(= Pali ratana°; compare ratna 1, triratna), the ‘three jewels’ (Buddha, dharma, saṃgha): namo °yāya Divyāvadāna 481.25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratnatraya (रत्नत्रय):—[=ratna-traya] [from ratna] n. ‘j°-triad’, the three j° or excellent things (with Buddhists, viz. buddha, dharma and saṃgha; or with Jainas, viz. samyag-darśana, samyag-jñāna and samyak-cāritra)

[Sanskrit to German]

Ratnatraya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ratnatraya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ratnatraya (ರತ್ನತ್ರಯ):—

1) [noun] (jainism) the three exalted things samyagdṛṣṭi ( the noble vision), samyagjñāna (the right knowledge), and saymagcāritra (the noble way of life).

2) [noun] (buddhism) the three exalted things—Buddha (the founder of Buddhism), dharma (the religious righteousness), and sangha (the association or religious community).

3) [noun] the three great Kannaḍa poets—Pampa, Ponna and Ranna.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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