Vandana, Vandanā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Vandana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vandana (वन्दन).—A hermit mentioned in Ṛgveda. Once this hermit was pushed into a well by Asuras. But he was saved by the Aśvinidevas. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 1, Sūkta 116).

2) Vandanā (वन्दना).—A river famous in the Purāṇas. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 18)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vandana (वन्दन) refers to “saluting” and represents one of the nine-fold (navadhā) devotion (bhakti), as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23, as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O Goddess Satī, listen, I shall explain the great principle whereby the remorseful creature becomes a liberated soul (mukta). [...] Devotion (bhakti) to me is considered as the bestower of worldly pleasures and salvation. It is achievable only by my grace. It is nine-fold (navadhā) [viz., vandana]. There is no difference between devotion and perfect knowledge. A person who is engrossed in devotion enjoys perpetual happiness. Perfect knowledge never descends in a vicious person averse to devotion. [...] According to scholars O Goddess, the nine ancillary adjuncts are:—[viz., vandana, ‘saluting’...]. O Śiva, its further subdivisions too have been explained”.

Vandana (‘saluting’) detailed explanation: “meditating in the mind, repeating the mantras and touching the ground with eight limbs is called saluting”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vandana (वन्दन).—One of the varṣa nāḍis or rays of the sun.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 20.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vandanā (वन्दना) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vandanā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Vandanā (वन्दना) refers to “prayers” and represents one of the various articles offered during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship), while explaining procedures performed in the morning.—According to time and place, sixteen [viz., vandanā], twelve, ten or five articles can be employed in the worship of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Vandanā (वन्दना, “worshipping”) represents one of the “sevent supreme offerings” (saptavidhā-anuttarapūjā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 14). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., saptavidhā-anuttarapūjā and Vandanā). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Vandanā (वन्दना) refers to one of the fourteen limbs of the external-corpus (aṅga-bāhya). The Aṅgabāhya refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve or of many kinds (eg., vandanā)”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vandana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vandana : (nt.) salutation; homage. || vandanā (f.) salutation; homage.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vandana, (nt.) & Vandanā (f.) (fr. vand, cp. Vedic vandana) salutation, respect, paying homage; veneration, adoration A. I, 294 (ā); II, 203 (+pūjā); J. I, 88; Pug. 19, 24; Mhvs 15, 18; Miln. 377; PvA. I, 53; SnA 492; ThA. 256; Sdhp. 221, 540. (Page 601)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vandaṇa (वंदण).—n (Better ōndaṇa) The grooved slip along which shutters or pannels run.

--- OR ---

vandana (वंदन).—n (S) Adoring, worshiping, rendering reverence or homage. 2 Laxly. Messing (of one's dish at a meal) or wildly mixing (of victuals): also disorderly picking, scattering, or tossing about. v kara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vandana (वंदन).—n Adoring, worshipping.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vandana (वन्दन).—[vand-lyuṭ]

1) Salutation, obeisance.

2) Reverence, adoration.

3) Obeisance paid to a Brāhmaṇa &c. (by touching his feet).

4) Praising, extolling.

5) A cutaneous eruption, scrofula.

-nā 1 Worship, adoration.

2) Praise.

-nī 1 Worship, adoration.

2) Praise.

3) Solicitation.

4) A drug for reviving the dead.

Derivable forms: vandanam (वन्दनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vandana (वन्दन).—(?) , adj.? (in Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit noted only as n. act.), greeting, saluting, possibly in SP 166.8 (verse) yato vayaṃ vandana āgatā jinam, whence we have come to the Jina greeting him. But probably more likely loc. sg. of n. act., for °ne: in the matter of greeting (= to greet) him.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vandana (वन्दन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. The face or mouth. 2. Obeisance to a Brahmana or superior by touching the feet, &c. f. (-nī) 1. Reverence, worship, adoring. 2. Begging, soliciting, asking. 3. A drug for reviving the dead. f.

(-nā) Praise, praising, especially the gods or great men. E. vadi to praise, aff. lyuṭ or yuc, fem. aff. ṅīṣ or ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vandana (वन्दन).—[vand + ana], I. m. A proper name, Chr. 296, 5 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 5. Ii. n. 1. Salutation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 216. 2. The mouth or face. Iii. f. . 1. Praise, Chr. 19, 6; praising especially the gods. 2. Prayer, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 16. Iv. f. . 1. Worship. 2. Begging, asking. 3. A drug for restoring the dead to life.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vandana (वन्दन):—[from vand] m. Name of a Ṛṣi (who was cast into a well, along with Rebha, by the Asuras, and rescued by the Aśvins), [Ṛg-veda]

2) Vandanā (वन्दना):—[from vandana > vand] f. praise, worship, adoration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) one of the 7 kinds of Anuttara-pūjā or highest worship (the other 6 being pūjanā, pāpa-deśanā, anumodanā, adhyeṣaṇā, badhi-cittātpāda and pariṇamanā), [Dharmasaṃgraha 1 4]

4) [v.s. ...] a mark or symbol impressed on the body (with ashes etc.), [Vasiṣṭha]

5) Vandana (वन्दन):—[from vand] n. the act of praising, praise, [Ṛg-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] reverence ([especially] obeisance to a Brahman or superior by touching the feet etc.), worship, adoration, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a parasitical plant, [Atharva-veda; Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] a disease attacking the limbs or joints, cutaneous eruption, scrofula (also personified as a demon), [Ṛg-veda]

9) [v.s. ...] = vadana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Vāndana (वान्दन):—m. [patronymic] [from] vandana, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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