Trayastrimsha, aka: Trayastriṃśa, Trāyastriṃśa, Trayastrimsa; 5 Definition(s)


Trayastrimsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Trayastriṃśa and Trāyastriṃśa can be transliterated into English as Trayastrimsa or Trayastrimsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Trāyastriṃśa (त्रायस्त्रिंश).—According to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), the second category of gods of kāmadhātu is that of the Trāyastriṃśa or Thirty-two gods.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of trayastrimsha or trayastrimsa in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

They are lower devas of the Kamadhatu who live on dissimilar parts of the mountain at the centre of the world, Sumeru. The Trayastrimsa devas, who live on the peak of Sumeru and are something like the Olympian Gods. Their ruler is Sakra.

(Source): Google Books: Faith & philosophy of Buddhism

The Trāyastriṃśa (Pāli: Tāvatiṃsa;) heaven is an important world of the devas in Buddhist cosmology. The word trāyastriṃśa is an adjective formed from the numeral trayastriṃśat, "33" and can be translated in English as "belonging to the thirty-three [devas]". It is primarily the name of the second heaven in Buddhist cosmology, and secondarily used of the devas who dwell there.

The Trāyastriṃśa heaven is the second of the heavens of the Kāmadhātu, and the highest of the heavens that maintains a physical connection with the rest of the world. Trāyastriṃśa is located on the peak of Sumeru, the central mountain of the world, at a height of 80,000 yojanas (a height sometimes equated to about 40,000 feet); the total area of the heaven is 80,000 yojanas square. This heaven is therefore comparable to the Greek Olympus in some respects.

According to Vasubandhu, inhabitants of Trāyastriṃśa are each half a krośa tall (about 1500 feet) and live for 1000 years, of which each day is equivalent to 100 years of our world: that is, for a total of 36 million of our years.

(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Trāyastriṃśa (त्रायस्त्रिंश).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. The occupation of the trāyastriṃśas is to act as ministers or chaplains.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Trāyastriṃśa (त्रायस्त्रिंश, “minister”) refers to one of the ten grades (ranks) of celestial beings (deva), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.4. These celestial beings (devas, gods) are of four orders /classes” and each class of celestial beings has ten grades (eg., Trāyastriṃśa).

Who are called ministers (trāyastriṃśa)? The ministers are the elders like parents, teachers or preceptors. They are 33 in number. The ministers (trāyastriṃśa) and the custodians (lokapāla) do not exist in the peripatetic (vyantara) and stellar (jyotiṣī) celestial beings classes.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Relevant definitions

Search found 9 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Deva (देव, “gods”) or Devānusmṛti refers to one of the “six recollections” (anusmṛti) as define...
Lokapāla (लोकपाल) refers to a set of ten deities, the worship of whom forms part of the rituals...
Nandanavana (नन्दनवन) refers to the garden of the trāyastriṃśa gods, according to Mahāprajñāpār...
Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु) or simply rūpa refers to the “form element” and represents one of the eight...
kāmadhātu : (f.) the world of desire.
Kovidāra (कोविदार).—An enormous flowering tree, or perhaps a grove, in Trāyastriṃśa.
Sumeru Worlds
The world mountain of Sumeru is an immense, strangely shaped peak which arises in the center of...
Annabhāra (अन्नभार).—According to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV):—“In a previous li...
Pārijātaka (पारिजातक).—Among the Trayastriṃṣa gods, the odor of the magnolia flower (kovidāra) ...

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