Trayastrimsha, aka: Trayastriṃśa, Trāyastriṃśa, Trayastrimsa, Trayas-trimsha; 7 Definition(s)
Trayastrimsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Trayastriṃśa and Trāyastriṃśa can be transliterated into English as Trayastrimsa or Trayastrimsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Trāyastriṃśa (त्रायस्त्रिंश) is part of the six groups of Gods inhabiting the Kāmadhātu (the first of the three worlds), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The six classes of gods of the desire realm (kāmadhātu), attached to the five desirable objects, will fall into the hells (niraya) and be subjected to all the sufferings.
The Trāyastriṃśa gods represents one of the seven destination of rebirths in kāmadhātu, according to chapter XLIX, “[...] another, of pure generosity and morality, honors his father and mother, reveres them (bhadanta) and passionately seeks supremacy (śreṣṭha): he is reborn among the Trāyastriṃśa gods”.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
They are lower devas of the Kamadhatu who live on dissimilar parts of the mountain at the centre of the world, Sumeru. The Trayastrimsa devas, who live on the peak of Sumeru and are something like the Olympian Gods. Their ruler is Sakra.Source: Google Books: Faith & philosophy of Buddhism
The Trāyastriṃśa (Pāli: Tāvatiṃsa;) heaven is an important world of the devas in Buddhist cosmology. The word trāyastriṃśa is an adjective formed from the numeral trayastriṃśat, "33" and can be translated in English as "belonging to the thirty-three [devas]". It is primarily the name of the second heaven in Buddhist cosmology, and secondarily used of the devas who dwell there.
The Trāyastriṃśa heaven is the second of the heavens of the Kāmadhātu, and the highest of the heavens that maintains a physical connection with the rest of the world. Trāyastriṃśa is located on the peak of Sumeru, the central mountain of the world, at a height of 80,000 yojanas (a height sometimes equated to about 40,000 feet); the total area of the heaven is 80,000 yojanas square. This heaven is therefore comparable to the Greek Olympus in some respects.
According to Vasubandhu, inhabitants of Trāyastriṃśa are each half a krośa tall (about 1500 feet) and live for 1000 years, of which each day is equivalent to 100 years of our world: that is, for a total of 36 million of our years.Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
General definition (in Jainism)
Trāyastriṃśa (त्रायस्त्रिंश).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. The occupation of the trāyastriṃśas is to act as ministers or chaplains.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Trāyastriṃśa (त्रायस्त्रिंश, “minister”) refers to one of the ten grades (ranks) of celestial beings (deva), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.4. These celestial beings (devas, gods) are of four orders /classes” and each class of celestial beings has ten grades (eg., Trāyastriṃśa).
Who are called ministers (trāyastriṃśa)? The ministers are the elders like parents, teachers or preceptors. They are 33 in number. The ministers (trāyastriṃśa) and the custodians (lokapāla) do not exist in the peripatetic (vyantara) and stellar (jyotiṣī) celestial beings classes.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Trayastriṃśa (त्रयस्त्रिंश).—a. thirty-third.
Trayastriṃśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms trayas and triṃśa (त्रिंश).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Trayastriṃśa (त्रयस्त्रिंश).—(compare prec.) = trāy°, q.v., in lists of Buddhist classes of gods: Mv iii.223.9 (prose, no v.l.); Divy 68.12 (prose); 138.19; 367.10; 568.24; Av 1.5.1 (prose); Suv 86.9 (prose).
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Trāyastriṃśa (त्रायस्त्रिंश).—(compare Pali tāvatiṃsa, prec., and trayas- tri°), adj. with deva (q.v.) or subst., n. of a class of Buddhist gods: Mv i.31.16 ff.; 40.15; 212.15 = ii.16.4; i.229.15; 262.1; 333.5; ii.163.11; 314.5; °śa- (v.l. °śe) bhavane Mv iii.302.8; °śe devanikāye iii.302.15; °śāḥ Mvy 3079; Dhar- mas 127. In other texts than LV, Mv, the form trayas° seems more usual, while in LV trāya-t° seems regular.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 24 books and stories containing Trayastrimsha, Trayastriṃśa, Trāyastriṃśa, Trayastrimsa, Trayas-trimsha, Trayas-triṃśa, Trayas-trimsa; (plurals include: Trayastrimshas, Trayastriṃśas, Trāyastriṃśas, Trayastrimsas, trimshas, triṃśas, trimsas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 3 - Buddha’s sermon to the Trāyastriṃśa gods < [Chapter XLII - The Great Loving-kindness and the Great Compassion of the Buddhas]
Appendix 3 - Balance of power between the Devas and the Asuras < [Chapter XLVI - Venerating with the Roots of Good]
The Caturdevarājasūtra < [Section II.1 - Morality of the lay person or avadātavasana]
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva fundamental vow sutra (by Johnny Yu)
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XXVII - The goatherd’s banyan tree < [Volume III]
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)