Tratri, Trātṛ, Tratra, Trātra, Trātrā: 20 definitions
Tratri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Trātṛ can be transliterated into English as Tratr or Tratri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Trātṛ (त्रातृ) refers to the “protector” and is used to describe Brahmā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.16 (“Brahmā consoles the gods”).—Accordingly, as the Gods said to Brahmā: “[...] The regions of our three worlds have been forcibly taken, O Brahmā, by this Tāraka of sinful and ruthless temperament. O lord of the worlds, we were in heaven but now that we have been turned out by that demon we shall go to any place which you may kindly suggest. You are our final resort. You are our ruler [śāstṛ], creator [dhātṛ], and protector [trātṛ]. But we are scorched in the fire of the name Tāraka. We are extremely agitated. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Trātṛ (त्रातृ) refers to a “saviour of creatures” [?], according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] One may perform the Block-of-Wood Observance in a forest full of bears, tigers and lions, conquering the urges to sleep and eat, [constantly] reciting. If one takes on the appearance of a woman and sings and dances, adorned with bracelets, with a winnowing fan, ball and plait, one observes the Colourful Observance. With a weapon in hand, full of compassion, if one wanders like a saviour of creatures (trātṛ—dayāyuktamaṭe trāteva jatavān) (?) focussed upon recitation, meditation and worship, one performs the Warrior Observance. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Trātṛ (त्रातृ) refers to a “protector” (without a motive), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That very same doctrine, which is devoted to the helpless, is a preceptor and a friend, and the doctrine is a master and a brother. It is a protector (trātṛ) without a motive. This doctrine saves the three worlds [from] sinking into the pit of hell. Also, it confers happiness beyond the senses for corporeal [souls]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Trātṛ.—(IE 8-2; LL), same as Prakrit Trātara, ‘the saviour’; royal title of foreign origin; Greek Soter. Note: trātṛ is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Trātā (त्राता).—a (S) That protects, preserves, saves.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Trātā (त्राता).—a That protects, preserves, saves.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Trāta (त्रात).—&c. See under त्रै (trai).
See also (synonyms): trāṇa.
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Trāta (त्रात).—p. p. Preserved, saved, protected.
-tam Protection.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A guardian, defender, protector.
2) Protecting, defending.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Preserved, guarded, protected. n.
(-taṃ) Preserving, protection: see the preceding.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trātṛ (त्रातृ).—i. e. trā + tṛ, m. A preserver, a protector, Mahābhārata 1, 8421.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trāta (त्रात).—[adjective] protected; [neuter] protection.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trātṛ (त्रातृ).—[masculine] protector, guardian.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Trāta (त्रात):—[from trā] mfn. ([Pāṇini 8-2, 56]) ‘protected’ See bhava
2) [v.s. ...] m. ([vi, 1, 205; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) Name of a man, [Vaṃśa-brāhmaṇa i, 3]
3) [v.s. ...] n. protection, [Horace H. Wilson]
4) [v.s. ...] See tra.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trātṛ (त्रातृ):—[from trāta > trā] m. a protector, defender, one who saves from ([ablative] or [genitive case]), [Ṛg-veda] (with deva applied to Bhaga or Savitṛ), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] (Indra), [Mahābhārata etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trāta (त्रात):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Idem.]Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Trāta (त्रात) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tāia.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Trātā (त्राता):—(nm) a saviour, protector.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Trāta (ತ್ರಾತ):—[noun] a man who protects, guard, etc.; a protector.
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1) [noun] that which is protected, guarded.
2) [noun] the act or an instance of protecting or being protected.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
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