Caitraratha; 7 Definition(s)
Caitraratha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaitraratha.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A prince born to King Kuru of his queen Vāhinī (Śloka 50, Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).
2) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A forest of purāṇic fame. Once King Yayāti enjoyed sexual acts with the apsaras Viśvācī in this forest. (Śloka 43, Chapter 75, Ādi Parva). It was here in this forest that Pāṇḍu spent some days once with his wives Mādrī and Kuntī. (Śloka 48, Chapter 118, Ādi Parva).
2) As a support to the great mountain Mahāmeru were four mountains, Mandara, Merumandara, Supārśva and Kumuda. Above each of these was a garden-wood, Nandana, Caitraratha, Vaibhrājaka and Sarvatobhadra. Thus it is to be presumed that Caitraratha was on Merumandara. (Chapter 16, Pañcama Skandha, Bhāgavata).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 40; V. 16. 14; IX. 14. 24; Matsya-purāṇa 27. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 48.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 7; III. 7. 102; 66. 6.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 31; 121. 8; 131. 48.
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 11; 42. 15; 47. 6; 69. 137; 91. 6. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 25.
1b) Acted as calf when the Gandharvas and Apsaras milked the earth.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 10. 24.
1c) A tīrtha sacred to Madotkaṭa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 28.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) is the name of a big forest in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī in these forests.
The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) or Caitrarathavana is the name of one of the four parks of the Sudarśana city according to appendix 8 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The Trāyastriṃśa gods with Śakra as king live in the city of Sudarśana on the summit of Mount Meru. This city has four parks (viz., Caitraratha).Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—Name of the garden of Kubera; एको ययौ चैत्ररथप्रदेशान् सौराज्यरम्यानपरो विदर्भान् (eko yayau caitrarathapradeśān saurājyaramyānaparo vidarbhān) R.5.6.
Derivable forms: caitraratham (चैत्ररथम्).
See also (synonyms): caitrarathya.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—(-vana), doubtless to be identified with Sanskrit id. (n. of a grove constructed by the gandharva Citraratha for Kubera), = Citraratha, q.v., as n. of a grove of the Trāyastriṃśa gods: Mvy 4197; Divy 194.2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-thaṃ) The garden of the deity Kuvera. E. citraratha a Gandharba in charge of the garden, affix aṇ. citrarathena nirvṛttam .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Caitrarathavana (चैत्ररथवन) or simply Caitraratha is the name of one of the four parks of the S...
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Search found 14 books and stories containing Caitraratha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 46 - Pāpamocanī Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 108 - King Cola and Brāhmaṇa Viṣṇudāsa < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 8 - The four gardens of the Trāyastriṃśa gods < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 17 - Description of the Jambūdvīpa (jambū-dvīpa) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)