Caitraratha: 12 definitions
Caitraratha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaitraratha.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A prince born to King Kuru of his queen Vāhinī (Śloka 50, Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).
2) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A forest of purāṇic fame. Once King Yayāti enjoyed sexual acts with the apsaras Viśvācī in this forest. (Śloka 43, Chapter 75, Ādi Parva). It was here in this forest that Pāṇḍu spent some days once with his wives Mādrī and Kuntī. (Śloka 48, Chapter 118, Ādi Parva).
2) As a support to the great mountain Mahāmeru were four mountains, Mandara, Merumandara, Supārśva and Kumuda. Above each of these was a garden-wood, Nandana, Caitraratha, Vaibhrājaka and Sarvatobhadra. Thus it is to be presumed that Caitraratha was on Merumandara. (Chapter 16, Pañcama Skandha, Bhāgavata).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 40; V. 16. 14; IX. 14. 24; Matsya-purāṇa 27. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 48.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 7; III. 7. 102; 66. 6.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 31; 121. 8; 131. 48.
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 11; 42. 15; 47. 6; 69. 137; 91. 6. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 25.
1b) Acted as calf when the Gandharvas and Apsaras milked the earth.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 10. 24.
1c) A tīrtha sacred to Madotkaṭa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 28.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) is the name of a big forest in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī in these forests.
The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) or Caitrarathavana is the name of one of the four parks of the Sudarśana city according to appendix 8 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The Trāyastriṃśa gods with Śakra as king live in the city of Sudarśana on the summit of Mount Meru. This city has four parks (viz., Caitraratha).
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—Name of the garden of Kubera; एको ययौ चैत्ररथप्रदेशान् सौराज्यरम्यानपरो विदर्भान् (eko yayau caitrarathapradeśān saurājyaramyānaparo vidarbhān) R.5.6.
Derivable forms: caitraratham (चैत्ररथम्).
See also (synonyms): caitrarathya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—(-vana), doubtless to be identified with Sanskrit id. (name of a grove constructed by the gandharva Citraratha for Kubera), = Citraratha, q.v., as name of a grove of the Trāyastriṃśa gods: Mahāvyutpatti 4197; Divyāvadāna 194.2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-thaṃ) The garden of the deity Kuvera. E. citraratha a Gandharba in charge of the garden, affix aṇ. citrarathena nirvṛttam .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—i. e. citra-ratha + a, I. adj. Treating of the Gandharva Citraratha, Mahābhārata 1, 313. Ii. patron. m. and f. thī, A descendant of Citraratha, Mahābhārata 1, 3740; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 712. Iii. n. The name of a forest, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 28, 37.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—[adjective] pertaining to the Gandharva Citraratha; [neuter] (± vana) [Causative]'s wood.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ):—[from caitra] mfn. treating of the Gandharva Citra-ratha, [Mahābhārata i, 313]
2) [v.s. ...] m. [patronymic] [from] Citra-ratha, [i, 3740]
3) [v.s. ...] (Name of Śaśa-bindu), [ xii, 998]
4) [v.s. ...] of a Dvyaha ceremony, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xxiii, 2, 3; Maśaka]
5) [v.s. ...] n. (with or without vana) the grove of Kubera cultivated by the Gandharva Citra-ratha, [Mahābhārata iii, v; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Divyāvadāna xiv; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Raghuvaṃśa v, 60; Kādambarī]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Madotkata, Abhishyanta, Devodyanani, Caitrarathya, Caitrarathavana, Devakridanaka, Cakora, Caitrarathi, Punyoda, Cittarupa, Manibhadra, Vishnudasa, Muni, Ilavritavarsha, Citraratha, Sudarshana, Mandara, Meru, Pururava.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Caitraratha, Caitra-ratha; (plurals include: Caitrarathas, rathas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
Brahma Sutras (Vedanta Sutras) (by George Thibaut)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Caitraratha Parva < [Book 1 - Adi Parva]
Section LXXX < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CXIX < [Sambhava Parva]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 46 - Pāpamocanī Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 108 - King Cola and Brāhmaṇa Viṣṇudāsa < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 8 - The four gardens of the Trāyastriṃśa gods < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 17 - Description of the Jambūdvīpa (jambū-dvīpa) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]