Caitraratha; 5 Definition(s)


Caitraratha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaitraratha.

In Hinduism


[Caitraratha in Purana glossaries]

1) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A prince born to King Kuru of his queen Vāhinī (Śloka 50, Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).

2) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A forest of purāṇic fame. Once King Yayāti enjoyed sexual acts with the apsaras Viśvācī in this forest. (Śloka 43, Chapter 75, Ādi Parva). It was here in this forest that Pāṇḍu spent some days once with his wives Mādrī and Kuntī. (Śloka 48, Chapter 118, Ādi Parva).

2) As a support to the great mountain Mahāmeru were four mountains, Mandara, Merumandara, Supārśva and Kumuda. Above each of these was a garden-wood, Nandana, Caitraratha, Vaibhrājaka and Sarvatobhadra. Thus it is to be presumed that Caitraratha was on Merumandara. (Chapter 16, Pañcama Skandha, Bhāgavata).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A pleasure garden of Devas and Indra to which went Kardama and Devahūti.1 In the Candraprabha hill. Here Urvaśī met Aīla.2 In the Mandara hill;3 in the east4 of Ilāvṛta.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 40; V. 16. 14; IX. 14. 24; Matsya-purāṇa 27. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 48.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 7; III. 7. 102; 66. 6.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 31; 121. 8; 131. 48.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 11; 42. 15; 47. 6; 69. 137; 91. 6. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 25.

1b) Acted as calf when the Gandharvas and Apsaras milked the earth.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 10. 24.

1c) A tīrtha sacred to Madotkaṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 28.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Caitraratha in Katha glossaries]

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) is the name of a big forest in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī in these forests.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Caitraratha in Mahayana glossaries]

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) or Caitrarathavana is the name of one of the four parks of the Sudarśana city according to appendix 8 of the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The Trāyastriṃśa gods with Śakra as king live in the city of Sudarśana on the summit of Mount Meru. This city has four parks (viz., Caitraratha).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Caitraratha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—Name of the garden of Kubera; एको ययौ चैत्ररथप्रदेशान् सौराज्यरम्यानपरो विदर्भान् (eko yayau caitrarathapradeśān saurājyaramyānaparo vidarbhān) R.5.6.

Derivable forms: caitraratham (चैत्ररथम्).

See also (synonyms): caitrarathya.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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