Caitraratha: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Caitraratha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaitraratha.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caitraratha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A prince born to King Kuru of his queen Vāhinī (Śloka 50, Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).

2) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A forest of purāṇic fame. Once King Yayāti enjoyed sexual acts with the apsaras Viśvācī in this forest. (Śloka 43, Chapter 75, Ādi Parva). It was here in this forest that Pāṇḍu spent some days once with his wives Mādrī and Kuntī. (Śloka 48, Chapter 118, Ādi Parva).

2) As a support to the great mountain Mahāmeru were four mountains, Mandara, Merumandara, Supārśva and Kumuda. Above each of these was a garden-wood, Nandana, Caitraratha, Vaibhrājaka and Sarvatobhadra. Thus it is to be presumed that Caitraratha was on Merumandara. (Chapter 16, Pañcama Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—A pleasure garden of Devas and Indra to which went Kardama and Devahūti.1 In the Candraprabha hill. Here Urvaśī met Aīla.2 In the Mandara hill;3 in the east4 of Ilāvṛta.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 23. 40; V. 16. 14; IX. 14. 24; Matsya-purāṇa 27. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 48.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 7; III. 7. 102; 66. 6.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 83. 31; 121. 8; 131. 48.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 11; 42. 15; 47. 6; 69. 137; 91. 6. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 25.

1b) Acted as calf when the Gandharvas and Apsaras milked the earth.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 10. 24.

1c) A tīrtha sacred to Madotkaṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 28.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caitraratha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) is the name of a big forest in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī in these forests.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caitraratha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ) or Caitrarathavana is the name of one of the four parks of the Sudarśana city according to appendix 8 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The Trāyastriṃśa gods with Śakra as king live in the city of Sudarśana on the summit of Mount Meru. This city has four parks (viz., Caitraratha).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caitraratha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—Name of the garden of Kubera; एको ययौ चैत्ररथप्रदेशान् सौराज्यरम्यानपरो विदर्भान् (eko yayau caitrarathapradeśān saurājyaramyānaparo vidarbhān) R.5.6.

Derivable forms: caitraratham (चैत्ररथम्).

See also (synonyms): caitrarathya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—(-vana), doubtless to be identified with Sanskrit id. (name of a grove constructed by the gandharva Citraratha for Kubera), = Citraratha, q.v., as name of a grove of the Trāyastriṃśa gods: Mahāvyutpatti 4197; Divyāvadāna 194.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—n.

(-thaṃ) The garden of the deity Kuvera. E. citraratha a Gandharba in charge of the garden, affix aṇ. citrarathena nirvṛttam .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—i. e. citra-ratha + a, I. adj. Treating of the Gandharva Citraratha, Mahābhārata 1, 313. Ii. patron. m. and f. thī, A descendant of Citraratha, Mahābhārata 1, 3740; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 712. Iii. n. The name of a forest, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 28, 37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ).—[adjective] pertaining to the Gandharva Citraratha; [neuter] (± vana) [Causative]'s wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caitraratha (चैत्ररथ):—[from caitra] mfn. treating of the Gandharva Citra-ratha, [Mahābhārata i, 313]

2) [v.s. ...] m. [patronymic] [from] Citra-ratha, [i, 3740]

3) [v.s. ...] (Name of Śaśa-bindu), [ xii, 998]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Dvyaha ceremony, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xxiii, 2, 3; Maśaka]

5) [v.s. ...] n. (with or without vana) the grove of Kubera cultivated by the Gandharva Citra-ratha, [Mahābhārata iii, v; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Divyāvadāna xiv; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Raghuvaṃśa v, 60; Kādambarī]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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