Citraratha, aka: Citrarathā, Citra-ratha; 6 Definition(s)
Citraratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chitraratha.
Citraratha (चित्ररथ):—Son of Supārśvaka (son of Śrutāyu). He had a son named Kṣemādhi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.23)(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—(AṄGĀRAPARṄA). A devagandharva. Birth. Citraratha was the gandharva son of Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife Muni. (Śloka 43, Chapter 65, Ādi Parva). (See full article at Story of Citraratha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—One of the ministers of Daśaratha. He belonged to the Sūta dynasty. (Śloka 17, Ayodhyā Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).
3) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—A king of Sālva. Once Reṇukā, wife of Jamadagni, after her bath in the river stayed ashore watching this king and his queen bathe in the river with erotic plays. Reṇukā thus reached the āśrama a bit late and Jamadagni enraged at this commanded his son Paraśurāma to chop the head of his own mother. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 59).
4) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—A king of the dynasty of Bharata. He was the son of King Gaya. Citraratha had a sister named Sugati and a brother Avarodhana. (Pañcama Skandha, Bhāgavata).
5) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—A prince of Pāñcāla. He was killed in the battle of Mahābhārata by Droṇācārya. (Śloka 43, Chapter 122, Droṇa Parva).
6) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—A king of the Aṅga country. He married Prabhāvatī, sister of Ruci, wife of Devaśarmā. (Śloka 8, Chapter 42, Anuśāsana Parva, Mahābhārata).
7) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—A king of the Yādava dynasty. He was the son of Uśaṅku and father of Śūra. (Śloka 29, Chapter 147, Anuśāsana Parva).
8) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—Son of Vīrabāhu and a friend of Śrī Rāma. In the Rājya Kāṇḍa of Ānanda Rāmāyaṇa there is the following story about him.
Citraratha was also one among those assembled for the svayaṃvara of Hemā, daughter of Kuśa. He sent an anaesthetic missile to the assemblage and made them all fall down senseless. He then took Hemā out from the marriage hall. But on reaching outside he felt he had done a very unjust thing and so withdrew the missile and stood outside ready to fight. A fight ensued in which Citraratha defeated all. But Lava alone continued to fight with him. Vīrabāhu, father of Citraratha, who was closely watching the fight came to the help of Citraratha and engaging Lava in a fight struck him down. Kuśa seeing this attacked Vīrabāhu and bound him hand and foot. At that time Śrī Rāma came to the scene and told Kuśa that Vīrabāhu was a friend of his and set Vīrabāhu free. Hemā was then married to Citraratha and Vīrabāhu was sent away with due respect.
9) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—An Indian river of purāṇic fame. (Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Citraratha (चित्ररथ).—A son of Gaya, and father of Samrāṭ; wife Ūrṇā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 14.
1b) A Gandharva who crossed the place where the bones of a certain Kauśika lay dropped down to the earth. After collecting and throwing them into the Sarasvatī, he went to his home.1 He was seen sporting at the Ganges with apsaras by Reṇukā.2
1c) The son of Supārśvaka and father of Kṣemādhi. He was king of Mithilā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 23.
1d) The son of Ukta and father of Kaviratha.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 40.
1e) The son of Dharmaratha, well known as Romapāda. A friend of Daśaratha. As he had no children, he adopted Śāntā, daughter of Daśaratha. Ṛṣyaśṛnga married her. Then he had a son Caturanga.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 7-10; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 103; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 16-18.
1f) The son of Ruśeku (Ruṣ(ś)anku-m. p., vi. p.) and father of Śaśabindu.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 31; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 2-3.
1g) A son of Vṛṣṇi and a grandson of Anamitra. Father of Pṛthu and other sons.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 15 and 18.
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 3; 8. 10; IV. 20. 50; Matsya-purāṇa 8. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 2; 70. 9.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 221.
1i) A son of Agāvaha.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 257.
1j) A son of Bhūri.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 80.
1k) The son of Raśādu; performed several sacrifices; became later known as Śaśabindu; had 10,000 sons of whom six were famous with names beginning in Pṛthu.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 17-18, 20-21.
1l) A son of Uṣṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 272; 108. 49.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Citrarathā (चित्ररथा, “whose vehicle is bright”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Hāṭakeśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Citraratha (चित्ररथ) refers to the name of a Forest mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.174.16). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Citraratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Citraratha is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.42, I.65, I.89.44) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Languages of India and abroad
1) the sun.
2) Name of a king of the Gandharvas, one of the sixteen sons of Kaśyapa by his wife Muni; अत्र मुनेस्तनयश्चित्रसेनादीनां पञ्चदशानां भ्रातॄणामधिको गुणैः षोडश- श्चित्ररथो नाम समुत्पन्नः (atra munestanayaścitrasenādīnāṃ pañcadaśānāṃ bhrātṝṇāmadhiko guṇaiḥ ṣoḍaśa- ścitraratho nāma samutpannaḥ) K.136; V.1.
Derivable forms: citrarathaḥ (चित्ररथः).
Citraratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and ratha (रथ).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 14 books and stories containing Citraratha, Citrarathā or Citra-ratha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 8: Story of Kulabhūṣaṇa and Deśabhūṣaṇa < [Chapter V - The kidnapping of Sītā]
Part 9: Kapila’s incarnation as Aśanighoṣa < [Chapter I - Five previous incarnations]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)