Timira, aka: Timirā; 11 Definition(s)


Timira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Timira in Katha glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Timirā (तिमिरा) is the name of a city, described as “the dwelling of the Goddess of Prosperity”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 17. In this city lives king Vihitasena with his wife Tejovatī whose story was told by Yaugandharāyaṇa to king Udayana in order to settle the mind of queen Vāsavadattā.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Timirā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Timira in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Timira (तिमिर).—The God of night.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 32.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Timira is a Sanskrit medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "darkness of vision".

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Timira and Tamala, it must he premised, are Sanskrit words of almost identical meaning. In the Bengal recension of the Rāmāyaṇa, after a reference to the Aṃgas (people of Campā, now Bhāgalpur); the Lauhitya River (Brahmaputra); the Kirātas (people of Tipperah and Silhet, Ptolemy’s Kirrhadia); lands rich with silver-mines (Argyra), and mount Mandara (Maiandros = Arakan Roma), there isa mention of the city of Timira abounding with gold and where silkworms are reared. These two peculiarities help us admirably in fixing the position of Timira in the region between the Arakan and Pegu Romas; that is, in the lower valley of the Irāvatī, celebrated both by eastern andwestern classics as the Golden Region, and known as the seat of a people, the Zabaings or Zamengs, noted for silkworm breeding. And as the name Timira conveys the same meaning as Ptolemy’s Temala or Tamala (Tamāla), there should be no doubt left as to both designations belonging to tte one and the same city occupying a position close to, or on the very site of, the present Bassein, as set forth above.

Source: archive.org: Researches On Ptolemys Geography Of Eastern Asia
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Timira in Pali glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

timira : (nt.) darkness. (adj.), dark.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Timira, (adj.) (Sk. timira fr. tim=tam (as in tamas), to which also belong tibba 2 & tintiṇāti. This is to be distinguished from tim in temeti to (be or) make wet. See tama) dark; nt. darkness Vv 323 (t. -tamba); J. III, 189 (t. -rukkha); vanatimira a flower J. IV, 285; V, 182. (Page 303)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

timira (तिमिर).—n S Darkness. 2 Blindness from affection of the optic nerve.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

timira (तिमिर).—n Darkness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Timira (तिमिर).—n. [tim-kirac] Dark; विन्यस्यन्तीं दृशौ तिमिरे पथि (vinyasyantīṃ dṛśau timire pathi) Gīt.5; बभूवुस्तिमिरा दिशः (babhūvustimirā diśaḥ) Mb.

-raḥ, -ram 1 Darkness; तन्नैशं तिमिरमपाकरोति चन्द्रः (tannaiśaṃ timiramapākaroti candraḥ) Ś.6.3; Ku.4.II; Śi.4.57.

3) Blindness; तेजोमयं तिमिरदोषहतं हि चक्षुः (tejomayaṃ timiradoṣahataṃ hi cakṣuḥ) Rāj. T.4.314.

3) Iron-rust.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Timira (तिमिर).—m. (compare Sanskrit °ra, nt., darkness; obscuration of vision, an eye-disease), veiling illusion: °ro mṛgatṛṣṇā vā svapno vandhyāprasūyatam Laṅk 9.2 (verse); in prec. line māyā etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Timira (तिमिर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. Darkness. 2. Gutta serena, total blindness from affection of the optic nerve. E. tim to be damp, or tam to give pain, kirac Unadi affix, in the latter case, it is inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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