Timira, aka: Timirā; 8 Definition(s)


Timira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Timirā (तिमिरा) is the name of a city, described as “the dwelling of the Goddess of Prosperity”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 17. In this city lives king Vihitasena with his wife Tejovatī whose story was told by Yaugandharāyaṇa to king Udayana in order to settle the mind of queen Vāsavadattā.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Timirā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathā book cover
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Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.


Timira (तिमिर).—The God of night.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 32.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Timira is a Sanskrit medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "darkness of vision".

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism


timira : (nt.) darkness. (adj.), dark.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Timira, (adj.) (Sk. timira fr. tim=tam (as in tamas), to which also belong tibba 2 & tintiṇāti. This is to be distinguished from tim in temeti to (be or) make wet. See tama) dark; nt. darkness Vv 323 (t. -tamba); J. III, 189 (t. -rukkha); vanatimira a flower J. IV, 285; V, 182. (Page 303)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

India history and geogprahy

Timira and Tamala, it must he premised, are Sanskrit words of almost identical meaning. In the Bengal recension of the Rāmāyaṇa, after a reference to the Aṃgas (people of Campā, now Bhāgalpur); the Lauhitya River (Brahmaputra); the Kirātas (people of Tipperah and Silhet, Ptolemy’s Kirrhadia); lands rich with silver-mines (Argyra), and mount Mandara (Maiandros = Arakan Roma), there isa mention of the city of Timira abounding with gold and where silkworms are reared. These two peculiarities help us admirably in fixing the position of Timira in the region between the Arakan and Pegu Romas; that is, in the lower valley of the Irāvatī, celebrated both by eastern andwestern classics as the Golden Region, and known as the seat of a people, the Zabaings or Zamengs, noted for silkworm breeding. And as the name Timira conveys the same meaning as Ptolemy’s Temala or Tamala (Tamāla), there should be no doubt left as to both designations belonging to tte one and the same city occupying a position close to, or on the very site of, the present Bassein, as set forth above.

(Source): archive.org: Researches On Ptolemys Geography Of Eastern Asia
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

timira (तिमिर).—n S Darkness. 2 Blindness from affection of the optic nerve.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

timira (तिमिर).—n Darkness.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 14 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pradoṣatimira (प्रदोषतिमिर).—evening darkness, the dusk of early night; कामं प्रदोषतिमिरेण न दृ...
Timirāri (तिमिरारि).—m., Derivable forms: timirāriḥ (तिमिरारिः).Timirāri is a Sanskrit compound...
1) Pāṭala (पाटल).—A monkey. This monkey met Śrī Rāma at Kiṣkindhā when the latter was going to ...
Vaṇa (वण).—Sound, noise.Derivable forms: vaṇaḥ (वणः).--- OR --- Vana (वन).—[van-ac]1) A forest,...
Tama (तम).—A King who was the son of Śravā of the race of King Gṛtsamada. (Śloka 63, Chapter 30...
Tambā (तम्बा).—A cow.See also (synonyms): tampā, tambikā.
Vana Samyutta
1) Vana, 2 (nt.) (van; vanati & vanoti to desire=Av. vanaiti Lat. venus, Ohg. wini friend (: E...
Tejovatī (तेजोवती) is the name of the wife of king Vihitasena, living in the city of Timir...
1. Timirapupphiya Thera - An arahant. He was once an ascetic and while walking one day along ...
Temeti, (cp. Divy 285 tīmayati; Caus. of tim to moisten. There is an ancient confusion between...
Timirāyittata, (nt.) (abstr. to timirāyita, pp. of timirayati to obscure, denom. to timira) glo...
Vihitasena (विहितसेन) is the name of a king who, together with his wife Tejovatī lived in the c...
Tintiṇāti, & Tintiṇāyati (either=Sk. timirayati to be obscured, from tim in timira, or from sti...
trimira (त्रिमिर) [or त्रिमीर, trimīra].—n (Poetry. Corr. from timira) Darkness. Ex. vāralēṃ hē...

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