Hevajra, aka: Kevajra; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hevajra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Hevajra in Hinduism glossaries]

Shri Hevajra is a principal meditational deity of the Anuttarayoga classification in Buddhist Tantra. According to the Sakya system Hevajra belongs to the sub-class of 'non-dual' tantra. The Kagyu system classifies Hevajra as 'Wisdom-mother' tantra. From the numerous texts within the cycle of Hevajra the root Tantra of 'Two Sections' is the most important.

(Source): Himalayan Art: General

Hevajra is one of the main yidams (enlightened beings) in Tantric, or Vajrayana Buddhism. Hevajra's consort is Nairātmyā (Tibetan: bdag med ma). Originally written in mixed quality Sanskrit (with some verses in Apabhraṃśa), the present 750 verse text is reported to be but an excerpt or summary of a much larger, original text of up to 500,000 ślokas (verses) in 32 sections.

Hevajra has four forms described in the Hevajra Tantra and four forms described the Samputa Tantra:

According to the Hevajra Tantra:

(The Hevajra Tantra, a yoginītantra of the anuttarayogatantra class, is believed to have originated between the late 8th (Snellgrove), and the late 9th or early 10th centuries (Davidson), in Eastern India, possibly Bengal.)

  1. Kaya Hevajra—The two armed Body (Kaya) Hevajra is dark blue in colour.
  2. Vak Hevajra—The four armed Speech (Vak) Hevajra is dark blue in colour.
  3. Citta Hevajra—The six armed Mind (Citta) Hevajra is dark blue in colour with three faces - C. blue, R. white and L. red.
  4. Hrdaya Hevajra—The sixteen-armed, four-legged eight-faced Heart (Hrdaya) Hevajra is black in color.

According to the Samputa Tantra:

(The four forms of Hevajra described in the Samputa Tantra all dance on a lotus, corpse, blood-filled skull cup and sun disk throne.)

  1. Kaya Hevajra—The two armed Kaya-Hevajra (sku kyE rdo rje) – "Shaker of all the Three Worlds" ('jig-rten gsum kun-tu bskyod-pa)
  2. Vak Hevajra—The four armed Vak-Hevajra (sung kyE rdo rje)
  3. Citta Hevajra—The six armed Citta-Hevajra (thugs kyE rdo rje)
  4. Hrdaya Hevajra—The sixteen armed four legged Hrdaya Hevajra (snying po kyE rdo rje)

etymology: Hevajra (Tibetan: ཀྱེའི་རྡོ་རྗེ་ kye'i rdo rje / kye rdo rje; Chinese: 喜金刚 Xǐ jīngāng;)

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Hevajra in Buddhism glossaries]

The tutelary god Hevajra is described, with all the rites and ceremonies used in his worship, in the sutra of the Hevajra tantra, which figured historically in the conversion of the Mongolian emperor Khoubilaii in the thirteenth century A. D. 5

Hevajra is represented with eight heads, sixteen arms, and four legs. There are three heads on either side of the central head, which is larger than the rest, and all have the third eye. Above the central head is another head. The heads, however, may be disposed in two tiers of three, with a head on top. In this form there are only seven heads.

Tibetian name: kye-ba-rdo-rje (oh, eternal thunderbolt!).
Mongolian name: kevajra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The gods of northern Buddhism

Hevajra is one of the main yidams in Tantric, or Vajrayana Buddhism. Hevajra's consort is Nairātmyā (Tibetan: bdag med ma).

The Hevajra Tantra is believed to have originated between the late eighth century CE, and the "late ninth or early tenth century".

Hevajra (Tibetan: ཀྱེའི་རྡོ་རྗེ་ kye'i rdo rje / kye rdo rje; Chinese: 喜金刚 Xǐ jīngāng;)

(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

A tantra with the nature of method and wisdom. The syllable he is great compassion; vajra means wisdom.

(Source): Wisdom Publications: Teachings on Guhyasamāja Tantra

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