Syadvada, Syādvāda, Syat-vada: 9 definitions


Syadvada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Syadwad.

In Hinduism

Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)

Source: WikiPedia: Nirukta (etymology)

Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद) is the theory of conditioned predication, the first part of which is derived from the Sanskrit word syāt (Sanskrit: स्यात्), which is the third person singular of the optative tense of the Sanskrit verb as (Sanskrit: as), “to be”, and which becomes syād when followed by a vowel or a voiced consonant, in accordance with sandhi.

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Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद) (Sanskrit; in Prakrit: Siyāvāya) is a synonym for Anekāntavāda (a “many-sided exposition”).—Anekāntavāda can be split up into four parts viz. an, eha, anta and vāda. These respectively mean: not, one, a side or an end, and a statement or an exposition. Thus anekāntavāda stands for a many-sided exposition. Thereby it is implied that it is a statement made after taking into account all the possible angles of vision regarding any object or idea. In short, it is an opposite of ekāntavāda, a one-sided exposition irrespective of other view-points. This is probably the reason why it is also designated as syādvāda (P. siyāvāya).

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General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद) refers to the “many-sided doctrine”: the distinctive feature of Jain logic.

Syādvāda considers everything from 7 points of view from which the further name, “saptabhaṅgī”:

  1. Syād asti: something is.
  2. Syān nāsti: something is not.
  3. Syād asti nāsti: something is and is not.
  4. Syād avaktavyam: something is indescribable.
  5. Syād asti avaktavyam: something is, though it is indescribable.
  6. Syān nāsti avaktavyam: something is not, even though it is indescribable.
  7. Syād asti nāsti avaktavyam: something is and is not, though it is indescribable.

Though such an important feature of Jain logic, Syādvāda is only briefly mentioned in the āgamas or older commentaries. About the oldest work on Syādvāda is Haribhadra’s Anekāntajayapatāka. See.also Malliṣena’s Syādvādamañjarī; Jainadarśana by Nyāyavijaya (Gujarātī); O. of J. p. 116.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Syādvāda.—(EI 3; SII 1), Jain; also called syādvāda-mata, syādvāda-vidyā; scepticism. Note: syādvāda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद).—an assertion of probability (in phil.), a form of scepticism of the Jainas.

Derivable forms: syādvādaḥ (स्याद्वादः).

Syādvāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms syāt and vāda (वाद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद).—m.

(-daḥ) An assertion of probability, (in philosophy.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद):—[=syād-vāda] [from syād > syāt] m. ‘assertion of possibility or non-possibility’, the sceptical or agnostic doctrine of the Jainas, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Syadvada in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद) [Also spelled syadwad]:—(nm) the sceptical or agnostic doctrine of the Jains.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Syādvāda (ಸ್ಯಾದ್ವಾದ):—[noun] (jain.) assertion of possibility or non-possibility the sceptical or agnostic doctrine.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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