Tankana, Ṭaṅkaṇā, Ṭaṅkana, Taṅkana, Tamkana: 19 definitions


Tankana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ṭaṅkaṇā (टङ्कणा).—The horses of Ṭankaṇa country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 16. 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Tankana or Tangana refers to “borax”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Taṅkaṇa (तङ्कण) refers to “borax” and is mentioned as an ingredient of metallic drugs for the treatment of Kāsa, Śvāsa and Śopha, as mentioned in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 3) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning taṅkaṇa) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ṭaṅkaṇa (टङ्कण) [=Ṭakaṅkaṇa?] (or Kaṅkaṇa) refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Ṭaṅkaṇa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Taṅkaṇa (तङ्कण) is the name of a country classified as Hādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Taṅkaṇa] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ṭaṅkana (टङ्कन) refers to a group of Mlecchas once conquered by king Bharata, as mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, after king Bharata instructed his general Suṣeṇa to conquer the southern district of the Sindhu:

“[...] Wishing to conquer the whole southern district of the Sindhu the general advanced like the ocean at the end of the world. Eager for battle, cruel with a roar in the form of the twang of the bow, [...] he marked the Ṭaṅkanas with the royal mark like horses. [...] Then Mleccha-kings approached the general with various gifts as wives approach their husbands with devotion. The general [Suṣeṇa] gave the Cakrin [Bharata] all the tribute taken from the Mlecchas [viz., Ṭaṅkana] which resembled a pregnancy-whim of the creepers of fame”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Ṭaṃkaṇā (टंकणा) refers to one of the Eighteen types of Horses commonly known to ancient Indian society, according to Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] At page 23.22 of the Kuvalayamālā there is an enumeration of 18 kinds of horses, [e.g., Ṭaṃkaṇā], [...].—Also see the Samarāīccackahā of Haribhadrasūri from  the beginning of the 8th century A.D.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭaṅkaṇa (टंकण).—n S Brute borax. See ṭāṅkaṇakhāra.

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ṭāṅkaṇa (टांकण) [or टाकण, ṭākaṇa].—m ( H) A horse of a certain short-sized breed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṭaṅkaṇa (टंकण).—n Brute borax. See ṭāṅkaṇakhāra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭaṅkaṇa (टङ्कण) or Ṭaṅkana (टङ्कन).—

1) Borax.

2) Binding, tying. -णः (ṇaḥ) (naḥ) 1 A species of horse.

2) Name of a people.

Derivable forms: ṭaṅkaṇam (टङ्कणम्), ṭaṅkanam (टङ्कनम्).

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Taṅkana (तङ्कन).—Living in distress, miserable living.

Derivable forms: taṅkanam (तङ्कनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭaṅkana (टङ्कन).—mn.

(-naṃ) 1. Borax. 2. m. (ṇaḥ) A species of horse. Binding, tying. E. ṭaki to bind, affix lyu. pṛṣo0 bā ṇatvam ṭaṅkaṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭaṅkaṇa (टङ्कण).—[masculine] (also ṭaṅkana) borax.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭaṅkaṇa (टङ्कण):—[from ṭaṅk] m. borax, [Kādambarī]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people (cf. taṅg), [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 44, 20; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā, xiv.]

3) Ṭaṅkana (टङ्कन):—[from ṭaṅk] m. (= ṭagara) borax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭaṅkaṇa (टङ्कण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Borax; binding.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ṭaṅkana (टङ्कन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṭaṃkaṇaṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tankana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tankana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ṭaṃkaṇa (टंकण) [Also spelled tankan]:—(nm) typing; soldering; mintage.

2) Ṭāṃkanā (टांकना):—(v) to stud; to stitch; to cobble; to solder; to jot down.

3) Tamkana in Hindi refers in English to:—(v) to snap; to fly into a rage..—tamkana (तमकना) is alternatively transliterated as Tamakanā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṭaṃkaṇa (ಟಂಕಣ):—[noun] sodium borate, a white, anhydrous, crystalline salt with an alkaline taste, used as a flux in soldering metals and in the manufacture of glass, enamel, artificial gems, soaps, antiseptics, etc.; borax.

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Ṭaṃkana (ಟಂಕನ):—[noun] a making of coins by stamping; the act or process of minting money; mintage.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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