Amnaya, Āmnāya: 12 definitions


Amnaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Āmnāya (आम्नाय) refers to a classification of Kulāgama scriptures, mostly tantras belonging to the Kula tradition within Śaivism. The oldest and commonly accepted classification of four āmnāyas is found in sources such as the Kubjikāmatatantra, the Manthānabhairavatantra (yogakhaṇḍa) and the Saṃketapaddhati.

These are the four āmnāyas, each corresponding with a direction and yuga:

  1. Pūrvāmnāya (eastern doctrine, kṛtayuga),
  2. Dakṣiṇāmnāya (souther doctrine, tretāyuga),
  3. Uttarāmnāya (northern doctrine, dvāparayuga),
  4. Paścimāmnāya (western doctrine, kāliyuga).

There are however, different classifications of āmnāya counting up to five, six or more.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Āmnāya (आम्नाय) is a Sanskrit word, which means sacred tradition handed over by repetition.

Source: Sadasiva

The Amnayas (Doctrines) lead one to liberation. He who knows all the Amnayas is Siva himself. Urdhavamnaya is the most exalted doctrine and Law of all doctrines: it is the musk among fragrances, Kanchi among cities, head among the limbs, Brahmana among castes, King among men, Sanyasa among Asramas, swan among the birds, cow among the four-legged animals, sandal-wood among trees, gold among metals, gem among precious stones, sweetness among tastes, Asvamedha among sacrifices, Mount Meru among mountains, Ganga among rivers, Kasi (the old Benares or Varnasi) among Tirthas (sacred places), Sun among the luminary objects, and Vishnu among Gods. It has to come from the mouth of a Guru. The Mantra is Hamsa.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Āmnāya (आम्नाय, “recitation”).—One of the five types of self-study (svādhyāya);—What is meant by ‘recitation’ (āmnāya)? To memorize or recite repeatedly correctly and clearly is called recitation.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āmnāya.—(CII 4), a Jain sub-sect. (IA 20), same as kula or kula-krama; generations, succes- sions. Note: āmnāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āmnāya (आम्नाय).—m S The Vedas. Ex. nēti nēti mhaṇōna || ā0 jēthēṃ taṭastha || Also ā0 āṇi vāsava || stavitī jātēṃ sarvadā ||

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āmnāya (आम्नाय).—[ā-mnā-ghañ]

1) (a) Sacred tradition, sacred texts handed down by tradition or repetition. (b) Hence, the Veda, Vedas taken collectively (including Brāhmaṇas, Upaniṣads and Āraṇyakas also); अधीती चतुर्ष्वाम्नायेषु (adhītī caturṣvāmnāyeṣu) Dk.12; आम्नायवचन सत्यमित्ययं लोकसंग्रहः । आम्ना- येभ्यः पुनर्वेदाः प्रसृताः सर्वतोमुखाः (āmnāyavacana satyamityayaṃ lokasaṃgrahaḥ | āmnā- yebhyaḥ punarvedāḥ prasṛtāḥ sarvatomukhāḥ) || Mb.; Ki.11.39.

2) Study (by repetition); अनाम्नायमला वेदा ब्राह्मणस्याव्रतं मलम् (anāmnāyamalā vedā brāhmaṇasyāvrataṃ malam) Mb. 12.328.2.

3) A sacred text or precept in general; आम्नायादन्यत्र नू (āmnāyādanyatra nū)नश्छन्दसामवतारः (naśchandasāmavatāraḥ) U.4.

4) Traditional usage, family or national customs; U.6.

5) Received doctrine.

6) Advice or instruction (in past and present usage).

7) A Tantra.

8) A series of families.

Derivable forms: āmnāyaḥ (आम्नायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āmnāya (आम्नाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A Veda, or the Vedas in the aggregate. 2. Received doctrine, traditional and right. 3. Traditional usage, family or national customs. 4. Advice, instruction in past and present usage. 5. A Tantra. 6. An element of being, a property of substance. E. āṅ before mrā to learn, to remember, ghañ and yuk affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āmnāya (आम्नाय).—i. e. ā-mnā + a, m. 1. Holy tradition, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 80. 2. A Veda, [Daśakumāracarita] 140, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Āmnāya (आम्नाय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[tantric] K. 36.
—by Devasthali Np. V, 134.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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