Sumedha, aka: Sumedhā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sumedha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sumedha in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sumedhā (सुमेधा).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Sumedha (सुमेध).—A son of Jaigiṣavya, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 139.

1b) A mountain to the east of Aruṇoda where Ādityas and Vasus live.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 19; 37. 26; 39. 48.

1c) A god of Sumedhasa group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 60.

1d) Rājaṛṣi; a tapas siddha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 122.

1e) A sage of the Cākṣuṣa epoch.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 28.

1f) Medha, Medhatithi, Satyamedha, Pṛśnimedha, Alpamedha, Dīptimedha, Yaśomedha, Sthiramedha, Sarvamedha, Aśvamedha, Pratimedha, Medhavat and Medhaharta.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 51-2.

2a) Sumedhā (सुमेधा).—A daughter of Sukanyā and Cyavana: wife of Nidhurva and mother of Kuṇḍa pāyins.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 31; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 26.

2b) A R. of the Ketumālā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 17.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Intelligent Lord"

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Sumedha. The Bodhisatta in the time of Dipankara Buddha. He was a very rich brahmin of Amaravati, and, having left the world, became an ascetic of great power in the Himalaya. While on a visit to Rammma nagara, he saw people decorating the road for Dipankara Buddha, and undertook to do one portion of the road himself. The Buddha arrived before his work was finished, and Sumedha lay down on a rut for the Buddha to walk over him. He resolved that he, too, would become a Buddha, and Dipankara, looking into the future, saw that his wish would come true. This was the beginning of Gotama Buddhas qualification for Enlightenment. J.i.2ff.; DhA.i.68; Bu.ii.5ff.; SNA.i.49; in Chinese Records he is called Megha. The Dvy. (p.247) calls him Sumati.

2. Sumedha. A khattiya, father of Dipankara Buddha. J.i.29; Bu.ii.207.

3. Sumedha. A khattiya, father of Narada Buddha. J.i.37; but Bu.x.18 calls him Sudeva.

4. Sumedha. The eleventh of the twenty four Buddhas.

He was born in Sudassana, his father being the khattiya Sudatta and his mother Sudatta. He lived in the household for nine thousand years, in three palaces, Sucanda, Kancana (Konca) and Sirivaddha, his wife being Sumana and his son Sumitta (Punabbasumitta). He left home on an elephant, practised austerities for eight months, was given a meal of milk rice by Nakula, and grass for his seat by the Ajivaka Sirivaddha. He obtained Enlightenment under a mahanimba(mahanipa)-tree. His body was eighty eight cubits in height. His chief disciples were Sarana and Sabbakama among monks and Rama and Surama among women. Sagara was his personal attendant. His chief lay patrons were Uruvela and Yasava among men, and Yasodhara and Sirima among women. He preached his first sermon at Sudassana, to his younger brothers. The Bodhisatta was the ascetic, Uttara. Sumedha lived for ninety thousand years and died in Medharama. His relics were scattered. Bu.xii.??; BuA.163f.

5. Sumedha. The name of a brahmin family in the time of Tissa Buddha. Varana Thera was born in the family. ThagA.i.353.

6. Sumedha. An upatthaka of Sumedha Buddha, whom Pilindavaccha met at that time. Ap.i.59; but see Bu.xii.23, where Sumedhas upatthaka is called Sagara. Perhaps this refers to another.

7. Sumedha. A king of twenty kappas ago, a previous birth of Avopphiya Thera. Ap.i.112.

8. Sumedha. A king of seven kappas ago, a previous birth of Padasannaka Thera. Ap.i.119.

9. Sumedha. An Elder of Ceylon, at whose request Buddhanaga wrote the Vinayatthamanjusa. P.L.C. 201.

10. Sumedha. A Thera of Cutaggama, probably of the fourteenth century; author of the Sadhucaritodaya and the Anapattidipani. P.L.C.247.

-- or --

1. Sumedha Theri. She was the daughter of King Konca of Mantavati.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Sumedha (सुमेध).—A young student (brahmacarin) or novice (māṇava) named Sumedha, Megha or Sumati, according to various sources, bought from a maiden five of the seven blue lotus flowers which she had. He threw them as an offering to the Buddha Dīpaṃkara who was passing by, and the lotuses remained suspended in the air around the Buddha’s head. Converted by this miracle, the young man then laid out on the muddy ground the antelope skin which served as his garment and spread out his long hair as a mat; prostrating thus, he pronounced the solemn vow that he would also become Buddha. Then Dīpaṃkara predicted that he would one day become Buddha under the name Śākyamuni. This legend is attested by a large number of sources

2) Sumedhā (सुमेधा) is the name of a Bhikṣuṇī, according to the Sumedhājātaka, as mentioned in chapter L.—Accordingly, “thus Siu-mi-t’o pi-k’ieou-ni (Sumedhā Bhikṣuṇī) along with two co-disciples, built a vihāra for the Buddha Kia-na-k’ie-meou-ni (Kanakamuni) and, for numberless incalculable thousands of myriads of lifetimes, enjoyed bliss among the noble Cakravartin kings and the Devarājas”.

Notes: The successive lives of Sumedhā are told in the Therīgathās, and their commentary: Psalms of the Sisters as well as in the Apadāna. Under the Buddha Koṇāgamana, [Sumedhā] and two of her companions, Dhanañjānī and Khema, made a gift of a vihāra to the teacher. Under the Buddha Kassapa, [Sumedhā] was a friend of the seven daughters of king Kiki of Benares and, as an Upāsikā, was noted for her generosity which won her rebirth among the gods for innumerable times. Finally, under the Buddha Śākyamuni, [Sumedhā] was the daughter of king Koñca of Mantāvatī. She refused the hand of Anikadatta, king of Vāraṇavatī, whom her parents wished her to accept. After having converted her family and her entourage, full of distaste for the world, she left home and became a nun. Shortly after, she attained Arhathood.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sumedha in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sumedha : (adj.) wise.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Sumedha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sumēdhā (सुमेधा).—a S Sensible, intelligent, of good capacity or understanding.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sumēdhā (सुमेधा).—a Sensible, of good understanding or capacity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 80 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Konca
Koñca (कोञ्च) is the name of an ancient king of Mantāvatī, according to the Therīgathās and the...
Khema
Khema (खेम) was a companion of Bhikṣuṇī, Sumedhā during the time of name of Buddha Koṇāgamana, ...
Amaravati
Amaravati was during the Satavahana dynasty (200 BC) an important region where now artificats (...
Uttara
Uttara (उत्तर).—m. (and nt., see 8) (1) n. of a former Buddha: Mv iii.239.2 f.; (2) n. of a fol...
Megha
Megha (मेघ).—m. (-ghaḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) 3. A demon, a gobl...
Buddha
Buddha (बुद्ध).—mfn. (-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) Known, understood. m. (-ddhaḥ) 1. A generic name for a...
Kiki
Kiki (किकि) is the name of an ancient king of Benares, according to the Therīgathās and the Apa...
Sagara
Sagara.—(IE 7-1-2), confused with sāgara and rarely used to indicate ‘seven’. Note: sagara is d...
Abhaya
Abhaya (अभय).—n. (-yaṃ) 1. Absence or removal of fear. 2. The root of a fragrant grass, (Androp...
Sharana
Śaraṇa (शरण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) 1. A house. 2. A preserver, a protector, what or who protects or preser...
Kancana
Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—m. (1) gold (in Sanskrit only nt.): LV 122.16 (verse) nā bhāsī itaraḥ sa kāñc...
Sumati
Sumati (सुमति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. The fifth Jina or Jaina teacher of the present era. 2. One of the ...
Dipankara
Dīpaṃkara (दीपंकर).—(= Pali id.; in Pali the first of the 24 Buddhas; here sometimes, e.g. Sukh...
Medha
Medhā (मेधा).—One of the twentyfour daughters born to Dakṣaprajāpati of his wife Prasūti. Of th...
Yashodhara
Yaśodharā (यशोधरा).—(1) (= Pali Yaso°) n. of the wife of Śākyamuni as Bodhisattva (see also Ya...

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