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Sumedha, aka: Sumedhā; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sumedha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Sumedhā (सुमेधा).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Sumedha (सुमेध).—A son of Jaigiṣavya, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 139.

1b) A mountain to the east of Aruṇoda where Ādityas and Vasus live.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 19; 37. 26; 39. 48.

1c) A god of Sumedhasa group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 60.

1d) Rājaṛṣi; a tapas siddha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 122.

1e) A sage of the Cākṣuṣa epoch.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 28.

1f) Medha, Medhatithi, Satyamedha, Pṛśnimedha, Alpamedha, Dīptimedha, Yaśomedha, Sthiramedha, Sarvamedha, Aśvamedha, Pratimedha, Medhavat and Medhaharta.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 51-2.

2a) Sumedhā (सुमेधा).—A daughter of Sukanyā and Cyavana: wife of Nidhurva and mother of Kuṇḍa pāyins.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 31; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 26.

2b) A R. of the Ketumālā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 17.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Intelligent Lord"

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

In Buddhism

Pali

sumedha : (adj.) wise.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Sumedha. The Bodhisatta in the time of Dipankara Buddha. He was a very rich brahmin of Amaravati, and, having left the world, became an ascetic of great power in the Himalaya. While on a visit to Rammma nagara, he saw people decorating the road for Dipankara Buddha, and undertook to do one portion of the road himself. The Buddha arrived before his work was finished, and Sumedha lay down on a rut for the Buddha to walk over him. He resolved that he, too, would become a Buddha, and Dipankara, looking into the future, saw that his wish would come true. This was the beginning of Gotama Buddhas qualification for Enlightenment. J.i.2ff.; DhA.i.68; Bu.ii.5ff.; SNA.i.49; in Chinese Records he is called Megha. The Dvy. (p.247) calls him Sumati.

2. Sumedha. A khattiya, father of Dipankara Buddha. J.i.29; Bu.ii.207.

3. Sumedha. A khattiya, father of Narada Buddha. J.i.37; but Bu.x.18 calls him Sudeva.

4. Sumedha. The eleventh of the twenty four Buddhas.

He was born in Sudassana, his father being the khattiya Sudatta and his mother Sudatta. He lived in the household for nine thousand years, in three palaces, Sucanda, Kancana (Konca) and Sirivaddha, his wife being Sumana and his son Sumitta (Punabbasumitta). He left home on an elephant, practised austerities for eight months, was given a meal of milk rice by Nakula, and grass for his seat by the Ajivaka Sirivaddha. He obtained Enlightenment under a mahanimba(mahanipa)-tree. His body was eighty eight cubits in height. His chief disciples were Sarana and Sabbakama among monks and Rama and Surama among women. Sagara was his personal attendant. His chief lay patrons were Uruvela and Yasava among men, and Yasodhara and Sirima among women. He preached his first sermon at Sudassana, to his younger brothers. The Bodhisatta was the ascetic, Uttara. Sumedha lived for ninety thousand years and died in Medharama. His relics were scattered. Bu.xii.??; BuA.163f.

5. Sumedha. The name of a brahmin family in the time of Tissa Buddha. Varana Thera was born in the family. ThagA.i.353.

6. Sumedha. An upatthaka of Sumedha Buddha, whom Pilindavaccha met at that time. Ap.i.59; but see Bu.xii.23, where Sumedhas upatthaka is called Sagara. Perhaps this refers to another.

7. Sumedha. A king of twenty kappas ago, a previous birth of Avopphiya Thera. Ap.i.112.

8. Sumedha. A king of seven kappas ago, a previous birth of Padasannaka Thera. Ap.i.119.

9. Sumedha. An Elder of Ceylon, at whose request Buddhanaga wrote the Vinayatthamanjusa. P.L.C. 201.

10. Sumedha. A Thera of Cutaggama, probably of the fourteenth century; author of the Sadhucaritodaya and the Anapattidipani. P.L.C.247.

-- or --

1. Sumedha Theri. She was the daughter of King Konca of Mantavati.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

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