Kiki, Kikī, Kīki: 11 definitions



Kiki means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kiki (किकि).—Name of a settlement (janapada) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

King of Benares at the time of the Buddha Kassapa. When the Buddha arrived in Benares, the king, having listened to his sermon, entertained the Buddha and his monks at the palace. When the Buddha was asked to spend the rainy season there he refused, as he had already accepted the invitation of Ghatikara of Vehalinga. Kiki was at first hurt by the refusal, but when the Buddha described Ghatikaras virtues, the king was pleased and sent five hundred cartloads of provisions to Ghatikara who, however, curtly refused the gift (D.ii.7; M.ii.49ff).

One of Kikis daughters was Uracchada, who attained arahantship at the age of sixteen. He had seven other daughters - Samani, Samana, Gutta, Bhikkhudasika, Dhamma, Sudhamma and Sanghadasi - who, in this Buddha age became respectively Khema, Uppalavanna, Patacara, Gotama, Dhammadinna, Mahamaya and Visakha. J.iv.481; in the Ap.ii.561f, the names are Samani, Samapagutta, Bhikkhuni, Bhikkhadayika, Dhamma, etc., and they are mentioned as having lived celibate lives; see also Sattamba; both the Apadana and the ThigA.17, 103f, omit the name of Mahamaya from this list and have, instead, the name of Bhadda Kundalakesa, identifying her with Bhikkhadayika. The Mtu.i.303f mentions another daughter Malini Kisagotami.

He had also a son, Pathavindhara (Puthuvindhara), who succeeded him to the throne (ThagA.i.151). During the life of the Buddha Kassapa Kiki waited on him with many kinds of gifts (SnA.i.281, 283), and at his death built one of the four gates outside the Buddhas cetiya. The gate was a league in width (SnA.i.194). According to the Anguttara Commentary (AA.i.420), Kiki was the aggupatthaka of Kassapa.

In the Sanskrit books he is called Kiki, and is mentioned as owning a palace called Kokanada (E.g., Mtu.i.325; Divy.22f; Avadanas i.338, etc.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kiki (किकि) is the name of an ancient king of Benares, according to the Therīgathās and the Apadāna.—The successive lives of Sumedhā are told in the Therīgathās, and their commentary: Psalms of the Sisters as well as in the Apadāna. Under the Buddha Koṇāgamana, [Sumedhā] and two of her companions, Dhanañjānī and Khema, made a gift of a vihāra to the teacher. Under the Buddha Kassapa, [Sumedhā] was a friend of the seven daughters of king Kiki of Benares and, as an Upāsikā, was noted for her generosity which won her rebirth among the gods for innumerable times. Finally, under the Buddha Śākyamuni, [Sumedhā] was the daughter of king Koñca of Mantāvatī. She refused the hand of Anikadatta, king of Vāraṇavatī, whom her parents wished her to accept. After having converted her family and her entourage, full of distaste for the world, she left home and became a nun. Shortly after, she attained Arhathood.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kikī : (m.) the blue jay. (f.), female of the jay.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kikī, (onomat. to sound-root kṛ (see note on gala), cp. Sk. kṛka-vāku cock, after the cry of the bird) 1. (m.) the blue jay (J. II, 350 k. sakuṇo).—2. (f.) a hen (or the female of the jay?), in simile fr. the Apadāna of a hen watching her egg Vism. 36 (aṇḍaṃ anurakkhamānā); J. III, 375 (rakkhati); cp. SnA 317 (kikī sakuṇikā aṇḍassa upari seti). (Page 213)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kiki (किकि).—

1) The cocoanut tree.

2) The blue jay.

3) The Chātaka bird; (the bird is also named as kikin, kikīdiva, kikidivi, kikīdivi m.) ... किकीदिवि-कृत-स्वराम् (kikīdivi-kṛta-svarām) Śiva. B.31.63.

Derivable forms: kikiḥ (किकिः).

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Kīki (कीकि).—A blue jay.

Derivable forms: kīkiḥ (कीकिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiki (किकि).—m.

(-kiḥ) A blue jay, E. ki an imitative sound; the word being repeated; or kai to emit a sound, and ki affix; also kikīdīvi, kikī, &c.

--- OR ---

Kīki (कीकि).—m.

(-kiḥ) A blue jay: see kiki.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kiki (किकि):—m. a blue jay, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) the cocoa tree (Nārikela), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Kikī (किकी):—[from kiki] f. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Kīki (कीकि):—m. (= kiki) the blue jay, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kiki (किकि):—(kiḥ) 2. m. A blue jay.

2) Kīki (कीकि):—(kiḥ) 2. m. A blue jay.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kiki (किकि):—f. [Siddhāntakaumudī.247,b.] ult. (ist viell. kikhi zu lesen?).

1) m. = kikidīvi [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) m. Kokosnusspalme (nārikela) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Kīki (कीकि):—m. = kiki [Scholiast] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 16.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kiki (किकि):—m.

1) der blaue Holzheher.

2) Kokospalme.

--- OR ---

Kīki (कीकि):—m. der blaue Holzheher.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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