Vatsara, Vatsarā, Vatsāra: 18 definitions


Vatsara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vatsar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Vatsara (वत्सर) refers to one of the five years (pañcasaṃvatsara), defined in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The expression pañcasaṃvatsara indicates the knowledge of five years, namely, Saṃvatsara, Parivatsara, Idvatsara, Anuvatsara and Vatsara.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vatsara (वत्सर).—The younger of the two sons of Dhruva. Utkala, the elder was a man of abstinence. So the younger brother Vatsara became the prince apparent.

Vatsara married the princess named Svarvīthī. Six sons named Puṣpārṇa, Tigmaketu, Īśa, Ūrja, Vasu and Jaya were born to them. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 4).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vatsara (वत्सर) refers to a “year”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada the birth of Menā’s daughter:—“[...] The beloved of the mountain worshipped the Goddess along with Śiva, joyously. She gave charitable gifts always to the brahmins for their satisfaction. Desirous of obtaining a child, she worshipped Śivā everyday for twenty-seven years [i.e., saptaviṃśati-vatsara] beginning it in the month of March-April. Observing a fast on the eighth day of the lunar fortnight, she made charitable gifts of sweets, offerings of oblation rice cakes, puddings and fragrant flowers on the ninth day. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vatsara (वत्सर).—A son of Dhruva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 14; IV. 10. 1.

1b) A son of Brahmī, was elected to Dhruva's throne as Utkala was engaged in penance and prayer; his wife was Svarvīthī, who bore him six sons.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 11-12.

1c) A part of the five year yuga;1 last year;2 is Prapitāmaha while Ṛtus are Pitāmaha and Ārtavas, Pitṛs.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 22. 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 132;
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 28. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 72.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 21, 115, 120, 138.

1d) A Rudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 28. 22; Matsya-purāṇa 141. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 56, 21; 65. 59.

1e) A sage by tapas; a Kaśyapa and Brahmavādin; sage of the Vaivasvata epoch and a Ṛṣika.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 101-12; 38. 29; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 95; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 92.

1f) A Sādhya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 44.

1g) Not to inter-marry with the members of Kaśyapa and Vasiṣṭha gotras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 10.

2) Vatsarā (वत्सरा).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 16.

3) Vatsāra (वत्सार).—A gotrakāra son of Kaśyapa; father of Nidhruva and Rebhya (Raibhya, Vāyu-purāṇa); a Brahmavādin.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 29-30; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 106; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 28; 70. 25.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vatsara (वत्सर) refers to one of the sons of Dakṣa, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. He gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa. [...] Then Kaśyapa created the animals, animates and inanimates and again for the growth of progeny he underwent austere penance. By the power of penance two sons namely Vatsara and Asita were born. From Vatsara two sons were born namely Naidhruva and Raivya.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vatsara (वत्सर).—m (S) A year. Commonly saṃvatsara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vatsara (वत्सर).—m A year; commonly saṃvatsara.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vatsara (वत्सर).—[vas-saran Uṇādi-sūtra 3.71]

1) A year; दातास्याः स्वर्गमाप्नोति वत्सरान् रोमसंमितान् (dātāsyāḥ svargamāpnoti vatsarān romasaṃmitān) Y.1.25.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: vatsaraḥ (वत्सरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vatsara (वत्सर).—adj. (= Sanskrit vatsala), affectionate: mss. at Mahāvastu i.155.2; Senart em. °la.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vatsara (वत्सर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A year. 2. An epithet of Vishnu. E. vas to abide, saran Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vatsara (वत्सर).—[vatsa + ra], m. A year, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 93.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vatsara (वत्सर).—[masculine] year (also personif.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vatsara (वत्सर):—[from vatsa] m. the fifth year in a cycle of 5 or 6 years, (or) the sixth year in a cycle of 6 years, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] a year, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc. (also n., [Maitrī-upaniṣad] and f(ī). , [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan])

3) [v.s. ...] the Year personified, [Manu-smṛti xii, 49] (as a son of Dhruva and Bhrami, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; also applied to Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] matsara)

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kaśyapa, [Catalogue(s)] ([varia lectio] vatsāra).

6) Vatsāra (वत्सार):—[from vatsa] m. Name of a son of Kaśyapa, [Catalogue(s)] (cf vatsara and avatsāra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vatsara (वत्सर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A year.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vatsara (वत्सर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vacchara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vatsara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vatsara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vatsara (वत्सर) [Also spelled vatsar]:—(nm) an year.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vatsara (ವತ್ಸರ):—[noun] a period of twelve months; a calendar year.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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