Khema, Khemā: 9 definitions



Khema means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Khema - The city in which Sumana Buddha was born. J.i.34; but in Bu.v.21 it is called Mekhala.

2. Khema - The city in which Tissa Buddha was born. J.i.40. In Bu.xviii.16 it is called Khemaka.

3. Khema - The city in which Kakusandha Buddha was born (J.i.42; Bu.xxiii.13 calls it Khemavati). It was the capital of King Khemankara. See also No.6 below. See also Dvy.242.

4. Khema - A Khattiya, the Bodhisatta in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. He gave alms to the Buddha and the monks and entertained the Order (D.ii.7; J.i.42; Bu.xxiii.13; BuA.211). He helped Rupananda to bring a branch of Kakusandhas bodhi tree to Ceylon. See also Khemankara. Mhv.xv.79; MT.351.

5. Khema - The deer park near Bandhumati (; Bu.xx.4; AA.i.80, 169). There the Buddha Vipassi was born, and there he preached his first sermon to his chief disciples, and later another sermon to their eighty four thousand followers (BuA.196f).

This Khema is identical with the present Isipatana. DA.ii.471.

6. Khema - The pleasance in which Kakusandha Buddha died (Bu.xxiii.27). It was near Khemavati and was the birthplace of Kakusandha. BuA.209.

7. Khema - A pleasance near Usabhavati; there the Buddha Vessabhu died. Bu.xxii.30; BuA.209.

8. Khema - A lake, three gavutas in extent, to the north of Benares. It was constructed by King Seyya (v.l. Samyama). For details see the Mahahamsa Jataka. J.v.356; J.iv.424.

9. Khema - A setthiputta, nephew of Anathapindika. He was very handsome and beloved of all women. Several times he was brought before the king on charges of adultery, but the king pardoned him out of regard for Anathapindika. At the latters request, the Buddha preached to Khema and showed him the error of his ways.

In the time of Kassapa Buddha he was a champion wrestler, and planted two coloured banners on the golden shrine of the Buddha and made a wish that all women, except his own kinswomen, should fall in love with him at sight. DhA.iii.481f.

10. Khema - A devaputta who visited the Buddha at Jetavana and spoke several verses on the desirability of leading the good life. S.i.57.

11. Khema Thera - An arahant. See Khema Sutta (2). A.iii.358.

12. Khema - A monk of Ceylon, pupil of Dhammapalita of Rohana. He was well versed in the Tipitaka (tipetaki), and is mentioned among those who handed down the teaching of the Buddha in Ceylon in pupillary succession. Vin.v.3; Smp.i.63.

13. Khema - A teacher, probably of Ceylon, author of the Khemappakarana. Gv.61, 71; Svd.1222; SadS.65; Sas.69.

14. Khema - See Khemaka (3).

-- or --

1. Khema Theri - An arahant, chief of the Buddhas women disciples. She was born in a ruling family at Sagala in the Madda country, and her skin was of the colour of gold. She became the chief consort of King Bimbisara.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Khema (खेम) was a companion of Bhikṣuṇī, Sumedhā during the time of name of Buddha Koṇāgamana, according to the Therīgathās and the Apadāna.—The successive lives of Sumedhā are told in the Therīgathās, and their commentary: Psalms of the Sisters as well as in the Apadāna. Under the Buddha Koṇāgamana, [Sumedhā] and two of her companions, Dhanañjānī and Khema, made a gift of a vihāra to the teacher. Under the Buddha Kassapa, [Sumedhā] was a friend of the seven daughters of king Kiki of Benares and, as an Upāsikā, was noted for her generosity which won her rebirth among the gods for innumerable times. Finally, under the Buddha Śākyamuni, [Sumedhā] was the daughter of king Koñca of Mantāvatī. She refused the hand of Anikadatta, king of Vāraṇavatī, whom her parents wished her to accept. After having converted her family and her entourage, full of distaste for the world, she left home and became a nun. Shortly after, she attained Arhathood.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Khema (खेम) is the name of a lake situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Khema, a lake that was excavated by the King of Benares named Bahuputtaka (cf. Haṃsa Jātaka).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

khema : (adj.) safe; calm; full of peace.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Khema, (Vedic kṣema to kṣi, cp. khetta) 1. (adj.) full of peace, safe; tranquil, calm D. I, 73 (of a country); S. I, 123 (of the path leading to the ambrosial, i.e. Nibbāna) I. 189=Sn. 454 (of vācā nibbānapattiyā); M. I, 227 (vivaṭaṃ amatadvāraṃ khemaṃ nibbānapattiyā “opened is the door to the Immortal, leading to peace, for the attainment of Nibbāna”) A. III, 354 (of ñāna) It. 32; Sn. 268 (=abhaya, nirupaddava KhA 153); Dh. 189 sq.; Pv IV. 33 (of a road=nibbhaya PvA. 250); VvA. 85. ‹-› 2. (nt.) shelter, place of security, tranquillity, home of peace, the Serene (Ep. of Nibbāna). In general: D. I, 11 (peace, opp. bhaya); Sn. 896 (+avivādabhūmi); 953.—In particular of Nibbāna: S. IV, 371; A. IV, 455; Vv 5320 (amataṃ khemaṃ); Ps. I, 59. See also yoga. Abl. khemato, from the standpoint of the Serene S. II, 109; Sn. 414, 1098; Nd2 s. v. (+tāṇato, etc.).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khēma (खेम).—f (kṣēma S) A hug, clasp, embrace. v māra, dē, ghē. 2 n Weal, welfare, well-being. khēmavēṅgēsa yēṇēṃ To come within one's grasp.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

khēma (खेम).—f An embrace. Welfare.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Khemā (खेमा):—(nm) a tent, camp; —[ḍālanā] to encamp; [kheme meṃ honā, kisī ke] to be in the camp of.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Khema (खेम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kṣema.

2) Khemā (खेमा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kṣemā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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