Dirghatamas, Dīrghatamas, Dirgha-tamas: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dirghatamas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dirghatamas in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्).—A great Muni. Birth. Aṅgiras, the son of Brahmā, had two sons, Utathya and Bṛhaspati. One day when Utathya was away from home, Bṛhaspati approached his elder brother’s wife, Mamatā, who was pregnant at the time, and tried to have sexual union with her. But she tried to dissuade him and said—"The child in my womb, born from Utathya’s semen has already mastered Vedas and Vedāṃgas. Your semen is also equally powerful. How can my womb bear the combined force of the two semens? So please refrain from this attempt of yours." But even after hearing these words of his sister-in-law, Bṛhaspati was not able to control his passions. At the time of the intercourse, when the semen of Bṛhaspati entered the womb, the child within it cried out—"Father ! this passion is improper. Two persons have no place here. So withdraw your semen." Bṛhaspati did not heed the request. The child in the womb repelled the semen that entered the womb with his foot and it dropped on the floor. Bṛhaspati who became angry, cursed the child. As a result, the boy was born blind. He got the name "Dīrghatamas" because he was born blind. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 104). (See full article at Story of Dīrghatamas from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dirghatamas in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्).—m. Name of a Vedic and paurānic sage; ऋषिर्दीर्घतमा नाम जात्यन्धो गुरुशापितः । त्वत्प्रसादाच्च चक्षुष्मांस्तेन सत्येन मोक्षय (ṛṣirdīrghatamā nāma jātyandho guruśāpitaḥ | tvatprasādācca cakṣuṣmāṃstena satyena mokṣaya) Hariv.

Dīrghatamas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dīrgha and tamas (तमस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्).—[masculine] [Name] of a Ṛṣi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—author of a Smṛti. Quoted in Madanapārijāta p. 842.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्):—[=dīrgha-tamas] [from dīrgha] m. (gha-) Name of a Ṛṣi with the patron. Aucathya and the [metronymic] Māmateya, [Ṛg-veda i, 158, 1; 6] (author of the hymns, [Ṛg-veda i,140-164]; father of Kakṣīvat, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda i, 125, 1]; through Bṛhas-pati’s curse born blind, [Mahābhārata i, 4192 etc.; xii, 13182]; father of Dhanvan-tari, [Purāṇa]; has by Su-deṣṇā, Bali’s wife, five sons, Aṅga, Bhaṅga, Kaliṅga, Puṇḍra, and Suhma, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]); [plural] his descendants

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्):—(dī + ta) m. Nomen proprium eines Ṛṣi mit dem patron. Aucathya und dem metron. Māmateya, Liedverfassers des [Ṛgveda] [Ṛgveda 1, 158, 6. 8, 9, 10.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 8, 23.] [Mahābhārata 2, 293.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 47, 64.] Vaters des Kakṣīvant. [Itihāsa] bei [Sāyaṇa] zu [Ṛgveda 1, 125, 1.] von Bṛhaspati verflucht, blind geboren [Mahābhārata 1, 4192. fgg. 12, 13182.] Vater des Dhanvantari [Viṣṇupurāṇa 406.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 17, 4.] zeugt mit Bali's Weibe Aṅga, Baṅga, Kaliṅga, Puṇḍra und Suhma [Mahābhārata 1, 4219.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 23, 5.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 444.] pl. die Nachkommen des D. [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 60] (tamasā!). [MÜLLER, SL. 382.] dārghatamaso rkaḥ ( [LĀṬY. 3, 6, 32. 33]) und vratam Namen von Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 219.] — Vgl. dīrghatapas, dairghatamasa .

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Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्):—[?Z. 3 streiche Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 47, 64.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dīrghatamas (दीर्घतमस्):—m. Nomen proprium eines Ṛṣi. Pl. sein Geschlecht. dīrghatamaso rkaḥ und dī vratam Name zweier Sāman.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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