Pratyupasthita, Prati-upasthita: 5 definitions


Pratyupasthita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratyupasthita in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pratyupasthita (प्रत्युपस्थित) refers to “that which stands opposed (to Yoga)”, according to the Bhāṣya (commentary) on the Pātañjalayogaśāstra (i.e., The Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali).—Accordingly: “Yoga is not perfected by one who does not practise Tapas. Impurity, which is of various kinds because of beginningless Karma, affliction and habitual tendencies and because of which the network of sense objects stands opposed (pratyupasthita) [to Yoga], is not weakened without Tapas. Thus, the mention of Tapas [in the root text]”.

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context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyupasthita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratyupasthita (प्रत्युपस्थित).—a.

1) Approached, come near to.

2) Present.

3) Collecting, pressing (as urine).

4) Gone against, standing opposite to; श्रेयसा योजयत्याशु श्रेयसि प्रत्युपस्थिते (śreyasā yojayatyāśu śreyasi pratyupasthite) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.287.57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratyupasthita (प्रत्युपस्थित).—ppp. (to Sanskrit praty-upa-sthā-; compare Sudeṣṇāṃ pratyupasthāsye Mahābhārata Cr. ed. 4.3.18, I shall wait on S.), (1) waiting upon, often followed by a form of bhū, waits upon (with gen. of person, instr. of thing): buddha- kṛtyena sattvānaṃ °to 'bhūt Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 201.2-3, (Pūrṇa) waited upon creatures with Buddha-service; buddhakṛtyena ca °taḥ (no person, no form of bhū) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 204.10 (verse); (rājā…) samyaksaṃbuddhasya…sarveṇa °to abhūṣi (52.12 om. abhūṣi) Mahāvastu i.49.9; 52.12, waited upon the Enlightened One with everything (which he needed); (tasyāṃ) dharmade- śanāyāṃ °tā bhavāmaḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 100.11, we are in attendance (on the Buddha) at this preaching of the Law; probably also tvam evaṃrūpayā sattvārthakriyayā °sthitā Gaṇḍavyūha 232.3, you wait on (creatures) with such activity advantageous to creatures (but possibly passive, as in next passage); with passive force, pañcasu sthāneṣu °tau (mātāpitarau) Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 56.4, waited upon in five matters (by their son); (2) concerned in (a specialization of the meaning present, on hand, Sanskrit and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]), with loc. and instr.: (na hy ākāśadhātur) gamane vā āgamane vā °taḥ, na strībhāvena na puruṣabhāvena °taḥ Śikṣāsamuccaya 250.1, for the space-element is not concerned in going or coming, nor in femininity or masculinity (with instr., perhaps lit. attended by?).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyupasthita (प्रत्युपस्थित).—[adjective] approached, present, standing opposite, assembled, happened, imminent, standing or being in ([locative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratyupasthita (प्रत्युपस्थित):—[=praty-upasthita] [from pratyupa-sthā] mfn. come near to ([accusative]), approached, arrived, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] standing or being in ([locative case] or [compound]), [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira]

3) [v.s. ...] present, assisting at ([locative case]), [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]

4) [v.s. ...] gone against, standing opposite to ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] assembled, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] happened, occurred (or about to happen, imminent), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] collecting, pressing (as urine), [Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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