Sthairya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sthairya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sthairya (स्थैर्य, “self-steadiness”) refers to one of the eight aspects of the male’s sattva, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These sattvas form the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama and are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “not relinquishing any undertaking relating to duty, wealth and enjoyment irrespective of its good or bad results, īs called a ‘tenacity’ (sthairya)”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Sthairya (स्थैर्य) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Trāsanī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Sthairya] each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Sthairya (स्थैर्य, “firmness”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the bhūṣaṇa heading, according to Hemacandra in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.16. Sthairya means strengthening the faith of anyone who is wavering in the Jaina creed or maintaining one’s own faith firmly despite the success of adherents of other religions.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sthairya (स्थैर्य) refers to “firmness in Jain doctrine” and represents one of the Guṇas (“qualities”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The ninth [sthānaka] is right-belief, free from the faults of doubt, etc., adorned with the qualities of firmness, etc. [viz., sthairya-guṇa], characterized by tranquillity, etc. [...]”.

Note: The guṇas are: firmness in Jain doctrine (sthairya); promulgation of Jain doctrine (prabhāvanā); devotion to Jain doctrine (bhakti); expertness in it (kauśala); service to the tīrthas (tirthasevā). The tīrtha is either dravyatīrtha, places where the Tīrthakṛts were born, received initiation, kevalajñāna, and attained mokṣa; or bhāva-tīrtha, the fourfold congregation, or the chief Gaṇadhara.—(cf. Yogaśāstra 2.17.)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sthairya (स्थैर्य).—n S (sthira) Steadiness, settledness, fixedness, fastness, stillness. 2 Permanency, stability, endurance, continuance. 3 Constancy, firmness, faithfulness, stanchness, persistency &c. 4 Calmness, composedness, equableness or soberness (of mind, temper, affections).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sthairya (स्थैर्य).—n Steadiness; firmness; endurance. Calmness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthairya (स्थैर्य).—[sthirasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Firmness, stability, fixity, steadiness.

2) Continuance.

3) Firmness of mind, resolution, constancy; अमानित्वं (amānitvaṃ) ...... स्थैर्यमात्मविनिग्रहः (sthairyamātmavinigrahaḥ) Bg. 13.7.

4) Patience.

5) Hardness, solidity.

6) Subduing the sense (jitendriyatva); ततस्तस्य परिज्ञाय महास्थैर्य महामुनेः (tatastasya parijñāya mahāsthairya mahāmuneḥ) Rām.7.3.27.

Derivable forms: sthairyam (स्थैर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthairya (स्थैर्य) or Sthairyya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) 1. Firmness, stability. 2. Firmness of mind, resolution, fortitude. 3. Continuance. 4. Patience. 5. Hardness, solidity. E. sthira, and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthairya (स्थैर्य).—i. e. sthita + ya, n. 1. Fitmness, stability, staying continually, [Pañcatantra] 225, 22. 2. Constancy, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 102. 3. Patience, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 238.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthairya (स्थैर्य).—[neuter] firmness, solidity, steadiness, constancy, calmness; p. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthairya (स्थैर्य):—[from sthā] n. firmness, hardness, solidity, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] fixedness, stability, immobility, [Prabodha-candrodaya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] calmness, tranquillity, [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]

4) [v.s. ...] continuance, permanence, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] steadfastness, constancy, perseverance, patience, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] firm attachment to, constant delight in ([locative case]), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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