Sthala, Sthalā, Sthāla: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sthala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sthala (स्थल) refers to “artificially elevated ground”. This is used to mark the boundary between two villages. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.247)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sthala (स्थल) or Sthalajāta refers to “rice grown in wild soil” and is classified as a type of grain (dhānya) in the section on śūkadhānya (awned grains) in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The author explains the characteristics and the properties of various food grains (dhānyas). [...] General properties of rice which are [viz., grown in wet land (sthala-jāta-śāli)] are discussed here. The properties of different grains based on their habitat, variety of water for irrigating them are also explained.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Sthala (स्थल) refers to “floor of a room §§ 3.12; 4.7, 26; 5.3.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Sthāla (स्थाल) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.2.129. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sthala.—(IE 8-4), shortened form of deva-sthala; sometimes suffixed to names of localities; also the subdivision of a district. (IE 8-4; EI 12, 18, 24; ASLV), a small territorial unit like a Parganā; a district or its subdivision. Cf. Kona-sthala (EI 32), also called a deśa, maṇḍala, rāṣṭra, sīma, etc. (CITD), a place, habitation; a holy place; a district. Cf. sa-jala-sthala (IE 8-5); the land [of a village]. Cf. Tamil sthala-kkāval (SITI), village watch. Note: sthala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sthala (स्थल).—n (S) A place, a spot. 2 Stead, room, lieu, place. 3 A portion of land consisting of several fields. 4 An office or a situation, a station, post, place. 5 S Dry and firm ground; land or terra firma, as opp. to sea.

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sthaḷa (स्थळ).—&c. This is only the Prakrit form of writing. sthala and its compounds.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sthala (स्थल).—n A place; a station. Stead. Land.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthala (स्थल).—[sthal-ac]

1) Firm or dry ground, dry land, terra firma (opp. jala); भो दुरात्मन् (bho durātman) (samudra) दीयतां टिट्टिभाण्डा- नि नो चेत्स्थलतां त्वां नयामि (dīyatāṃ ṭiṭṭibhāṇḍā- ni no cetsthalatāṃ tvāṃ nayāmi) Pt.1; प्रतस्थे स्थलवर्त्मना (pratasthe sthalavartmanā) R.4.6; so स्थलकमलिनी (sthalakamalinī) or स्थलवर्त्मन् (sthalavartman) q. v.

2) Shore, strand, beach.

3) Ground, land, soil (in general).

4) Place, spot; उवाच वाग्मी दशनप्रभाभिः संवर्धितोरःस्थलतारहारः (uvāca vāgmī daśanaprabhābhiḥ saṃvardhitoraḥsthalatārahāraḥ) R.5.52.

5) Field, tract, district.

6) Station.

7) A piece of raised ground, mound; ततः स्थलमुपारुह्य पर्वतस्याविदूरतः । ख्यातः पञ्चवटीत्येव नित्यपुष्पितकाननः (tataḥ sthalamupāruhya parvatasyāvidūrataḥ | khyātaḥ pañcavaṭītyeva nityapuṣpitakānanaḥ) || Rām.3.13.22.

8) A topic, case, subject, the point under discussion; विवाद°, विचार° (vivāda°, vicāra°) &c.

9) A part (as of a book).

1) A tent.

Derivable forms: sthalam (स्थलम्).

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Sthalā (स्थला).—A spot of dry ground artificially raised and drained (opp. sthalī q. v. below).

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Sthāla (स्थाल).—[sthalati tiṣṭhatyannādyatra ādhāre ghañ]

1) A plate or dish.

2) A cooking-pot, any culinary vessel; स्थालानां चषकाणां च भृङ्गाराणां च भूरिशः (sthālānāṃ caṣakāṇāṃ ca bhṛṅgārāṇāṃ ca bhūriśaḥ) Śiva B.29.58.

3) The hollow of a tooth.

Derivable forms: sthālam (स्थालम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sthāla (स्थाल).—nt., a kind of flower: Mahāvyutpatti 6185. Tibetan trans-literates.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthala (स्थल).—nf. (-laṃ-lī) 1. Place, site, soil, dry or firm ground. 2. A natural spot, forest-land. nf.

(-laṃ-lā) A spot of dry ground prepared by art or drained and raised, &c., (as opposed to sthalī,) which is naturally so.) n.

(-laṃ) 1. A tent, a house of cloth. 2. A mound, a hillock. 3. Point, case, topic, subject, (of a description or discussion.) 4. Part, (as of a book.) 5. Firm or dry ground. 6. Shore, strand, beach. 7. Place, spot, soil, (in general.) 8. Field, tract, district. 9. Station. E. ṣṭhal to be firm, aff. ac .

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Sthāla (स्थाल).—n.

(-laṃ) 1. A caldron. 2. A plate or dish. 3. Any culinary utensil. f. (-lī) 1. An earthen pot or boiler. 2. A particular vessel used in the preparation of Soma. 3. The trumpet flower, (Bignonia suave olens.) E. ṣṭhā to stand, Unadi aff. ālac; or sthala-ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthala (स्थल).—[sthal + a], or rather sthā + la, I. n., and f. . 1. Firm or dry ground, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 89, M. M. (la). 2. Place, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 79 (li); [Pañcatantra] 161, 15 (la). Ii. n., and f. , A spot drained and raised. Iii. n. 1. A mound, a terrace, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 67. 2. A tent. 3. Point, topic.

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Sthāla (स्थाल).—[sthā + la], I. n. A plate, a dish, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 46. Ii. f. , A pot, [Pañcatantra] 262, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthala (स्थल).—[neuter] raised or dry ground, land ([opposed] water), earth, ground, place, spot; sthalī [feminine] mound, eminence (also sthalā), ground, spot.

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Sthāla (स्थाल).—[neuter] plate, dish, vessel, tooth-hole; [feminine] sthālī (earthen) pot, kettle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthala (स्थल):—[from sthal] m. a chapter, section (of a book), [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Bala, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] (sthalā), a heap of artificially raised earth, mound, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

4) [from sthal] n. = sthalī above

5) [v.s. ...] dry land (opp. to damp low-land), firm earth (opp. to water), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

6) [v.s. ...] ground, soil, place, spot, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a flat surface, roof (of a palace), [Meghadūta]

8) [v.s. ...] situation, circumstance, case (tathāvidha-sthale, ‘in such a case’), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

9) [v.s. ...] a topic, subject, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] a text, [ib.]

11) Sthāla (स्थाल):—[from sthal] a n. ([from] sthala, of which it is also the Vṛddhi form in [compound]) any vessel or receptacle, plate, cup, bowl, dish, caldron, pot, [???]

12) [v.s. ...] any culinary utensil, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

13) [v.s. ...] the hollow of a tooth, [Yājñavalkya]

14) [from sthā] b etc. See p. 1262, col. 1.

15) c etc. See p. 1262, col. 1.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sthala (स्थल):—gaṇa jvalādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 140] (oxyt.).

1) m. a) Abschnitt, Kapitel [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 595.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Bala [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 12, 2.] —

2) f. ā Erdaufschüttung [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 42, Scholiast] sthalayoda.aṃ parigṛhṇāti [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 1, 6, 10, 5.] —

3) f. ī [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 42.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 4, 26.] = sthala n. [Amarakoṣa 2, 1, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 940.] [Halāyudha 2, 3.] Accent eines darauf ausgehenden Nomen proprium [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 129.] a) Anhöhe, hochgelegene Ebene [LĀṬY. 10, 19, 1.] [Mahābhārata 3, 6068.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 21, 5.] [Spr. (II) 82.] parvatasya [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 19, 23.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 75, 59.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 101, 9.] malaya [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 64. 12, 24.] [Spr. (II) 1070.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 114, 19.] gaganātso dhastātpravilokayan . sthalīparimitāṃ pṛthvīṃ samudrānparikhālaghūn [52, 7.] uttaṭā iva nadīrayāḥ sthalīm (cikliśuḥ) [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 58.] kanakasikatilasthalīḥ (adj.) sravantīḥ [Prabodhacandrodaja 101, 15.] tīra [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 64.] nabhaḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 94.] vihāyaḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 129,a,16.] trailokyamauli [Gītagovinda 5, 20.] von gewölbten Körpertheilen (vgl. taṭa): jaghana [Śiśupālavadha.9,45.] [Spr. (II) 7247.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 27,30.] [Oxforder Handschriften 139,a,5. v. u.] nitamba [Spr. (II) 5896.] [Dhūrtasamāgama 80, 15.] upastha [Spr. (II) 6642.] gaṇḍa (s. auch bes.) [PAÑCAR. 3, 5, 9.] [Daśakumāracarita 91, 4.] — b) Erdboden überh.: navāmbhaḥpṛṣatābhivṛṣṭā [Raghuvaṃśa 7, 66. 12, 30.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 4, 4.] śāyin [Spr. (II) 5437.] Fussboden [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 23, 17. 4, 25, 15] (am Ende eines adj. comp.). [7, 4, 11.] [PAÑCAR. 3, 15, 4.] — c) Platz, Ort, Stelle [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 23.] śuṣkavaṃśa [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 25.] vanānta [Spr. (II) 5717.] araṇya [Prabodhacandrodaja 85, 10.] trijagatāmutpattināśa [Oxforder Handschriften 108,b, Nalopākhyāna 2.] —

4) n. = sthalī [Amarakoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi] [Halāyudha] a) Erhebung, Anhöhe, trockenes Land (im Gegensatz zur feuchten Niederung); Land (im Gegensatz zum Wasser), Festland [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1355.] [Halāyudha 3, 41.] varṣma.sthalam [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 4, 8, 7.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 24, 6, 34.] [LĀṬY. 1, 1, 19.] same, anūpe, vṛkṣagulmāvṛte, sthale [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 192. 8, 247.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 151.] samudrormivegena sthale nyastaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 6744.] nimna, sthala [7, 3389. 12, 4632. 5480. fg.] matsyā babhūvurvyāpannāḥ sthalasaṃsparśanena [13, 2662.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 94, 9.] [Suśruta 1, 23, 1. 130, 18.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 12, 5. 15, 6. 12.] [Spr. (II) 545. 570. 3658. 4392.] gireḥ sthalāni [4963.] na ca naurgacchati sthale [5186.] gāmin [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 28, 4.] saṃbhavauṣadhi [41, 2.] uttaraṇaṃ dvipasya toyātsthalam [?91,14. 95,59. Kathāsaritsāgara 29,60. Bhāgavatapurāṇa.2,6,14. 10,40.5,26,28. 10,75,37. PAÑCAR.1,14,8. Hitopadeśa 39,10. 42,13. ed. JOHNS. 2347. 2349. Oxforder Handschriften 23,b, Nalopākhyāna 2. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.1,3,67, Scholiast] von gewölbten Körpertheilen: uraḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 52. 13, 73.] [Spr. (II) 3142. 7417.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 44, 21. 53, 52. 58, 32.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 81, 16.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 1, 28. 5, 5, 31.] vakṣaḥ [Spr. (II) 6818.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 73, 307.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 1, 6, 6.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 25. 3, 8, 28. 7, 8, 22.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 3, 75. 77. 5, 15. 2, 4, 5.] jaghana [Spr. (II) 7002.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 47, 108.] aṃsa [83, 39.] gaṇḍa (s. auch bes.) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 25, 4.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 3, 77. 12, 23.] kumbha [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 11, 10.] — b) Erdboden: vidalanti sma kuddālaiḥ sthalāni ca samantataḥ [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 87, 10.] sthalārūḍha [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 91.] [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 14.] [Spr. (II) 7219.] komala [PAÑCAR. 1, 10, 50.] [Pañcatantra 246, 6.] nākāśe nāvanisthale [Harivaṃśa 5864.] adya devāḥ saṃprayātāḥ samairvartmabhirasthalaiḥ [Mahābhārata 2, 2517.] Fussboden: harmya so v. a. das flache Dach eines Palastes [Meghadūta 67.] [Mahābhārata 15, 191.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 11, 32. 10, 50, 53.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 10, 46.] — c) Platz, Ort, Stelle [Mahābhārata 1, 4996.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 24, 6.] parasthale [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 271.] [Pañcatantra 118, 23. 161, 15.] vedi [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 56, 29] (vgl. pratyaksthalī vedī [3, 77, 23]). tapasaḥ Stätte für [PAÑCAR. 1, 2, 51.] tapaḥ [6, 53.] kopāgnīnām [14, 6. 28.] — d) Fall: tathāvidhasthale in einem derartigen Falle [Sāhityadarpana 18, 11. 24, 4. 106, 14.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 7, 14.] svapnasthale [Nīlakaṇṭha 168.] Schol. zu [Kapila 1, 57.] [KUSUM. 34, 15. 36, 7.] Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā Prātiśākhya 1, 61. 4, 11. 23. 11, 4. 19, 4. 20, 2.] — e) Nomen proprium (?) einer Oertlichkeit [Oxforder Handschriften 338,b,26.] — Vgl. aṭṭa, adrikṛta, avi, ānaka, ut, ṛtu, kaṇṭaka, kuśa, kuṣṭhala, keli, kratu, gaṇḍa, ghṛta, tapaḥ, tri, dāṇḍāyana (unter dāṇḍāyana), dharma, nabhaḥ, nāga, pariṣṭhala, puñjika, pra, prasava, brahma, mada, madruka, madhya, maru, mahā, māna, māhaka, māhiṣa, muni, mūla, mūṣika, yakṣa, yajña, rāja, loka, vadha, vana, vasu, vāraṇa, viṣṭhala, vṛka, vyāsa, śamiṣṭhala, śubha, śrī, sama, samādhi, samudra, salilasthalacara, siddha, su, sthāla .

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Sthāla (स्थाल):—(nach Andern sthāla) [Uṇādisūtra 1, 115.] = sthala gaṇa jvalādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 140.]

1) n. [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 3, 32.] a) Schale, Gefäss, Topf [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1026.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 515.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 55.] [Halāyudha 2, 172.] hiraṇya [LĀṬY. 8, 11, 24.] kaṃsa [25.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 53.] rājata [Spr. (II) 7235.] — b) Zahnhöhle [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3,] [?85; vgl. Mitākṣarā III], 30, a, 1 v. u. und sthālaka . —

2) f. ī a) (gewöhnlich irdener) Topf, Kochtopf, Kessel [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 31.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1019.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 159.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 8, 6, 17.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 19, 27. 86.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 2, 1, 3, 1.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 11.] parā sthā.īrasyanti [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6, 5, 10, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 2, 3, 21. 4, 2, 2, 1.] abhinnā [6, 6, 4, 8. 11, 3, 2, 1.] graha [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 9, 6, 25.] sthālyāḥ sruveṇādāya [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 1, 11, 10.] caru [2, 6, 5. 6.] vā.a.yāḥ, so.agrahaṇīḥ, āditya, ukthya, āgrayaṇa, dhruva [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 1, 4, 1, 4. 5.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 2, 2, 16.] daraṇa [ADBH. BR.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 39.] [Mahābhārata 3, 10295. 13977. 7, 2159. 2367. 12, 1019. 13, 4422. 15, 727.] [Harivaṃśa 1404.] kṣīraṃ sthālīgatam [Suśruta 1, 149, 11. 164, 9. 2, 74, 18.] vaiḍūryamayī [Spr. (II) 7226.] nahi bhikṣukāḥ santīti sthālyo nādhiśrīyante [SARVADARŚANAS. 2, 20. fg.] [?(= Oxforder Handschriften 216], b, [?18. fg.). Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 10, 23. 9, 14, 42. fgg. Pañcatantra 262, 16. Scholiast zu Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 45. 54. Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 334, 15.] pidhāna [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 50, 89.] purīṣa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 9, 12.] dāna [Oxforder Handschriften 35,a,42.] — b) Bignonia suaveolens (vgl. kāca) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — Vgl. kāca, caru, mahā, su .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sthala (स्थल) [Also spelled sthal]:—(nm) land; place; site, location, venue; field (as [yuddhasthala] battlefield); -[kamala/padya] a kind of plant and its flowers; ~[cara/cārī] terrestrial; living on land; ~[ḍamarūmadhya] neck of land, isthmus; ~[mārga] roadway; •[se] by road, by land; -[senā] land forces, army.

context information

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