Shatara, Satara, Śatāra: 9 definitions

Introduction

Shatara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatāra can be transliterated into English as Satara or Shatara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śatāra (शतार) refers to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in the Digambara tradition only. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). This kalpa is also known as Śatārakalpa.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Śatāra (शतार) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the number of layers in Śatāra and Sahasrāra heaven pairs? There is one layer there. Which thought-colourations are there in Śukra-Mahāśukra and Śatāra-Sahasrāra gods? They have pink and white thought-colouration. What is the maximum lifespan of deities in Śatāra-Sahasrāra kalpas? It is slightly more than eighteen ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) for both.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Sātārā refers to an ancient country situated above the ghaṭs (east of the Ratnāgiri district) that was under the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1029 A.D.).—The country above the ghaṭs, east of the Ratnāgiri District, comprising the modern districts of Sātārā, Kolhāpur, Miraj, Sānglī, and Belgaon. These three countries were divided into smaller divisions and subdivisions for administrative purposes.

Source: Marathi language (Marāṭhī bhāṣā): Submission for Classical Status of Marathi Language

Satara is the name of a district in Maharashtra.—The Buddhist work, Mahavamsa, refers to Maharashtra. It suggests that a big area around Ujjain, that is, the present Central India could have been talked about as Maharashtra. As the legend goes there were (or might have been) 99,000 villages in this country. These days it is a practice to include all areas (Satara) where Marathi language is in use into Maharashtra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sa-tara.—(EI 22), see sa-haṭṭa-ghaṭṭa-sa-tara. Note: sa-tara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

satarā (सतरा).—a Seventeen. satarā pandharā gōṣṭī sāṅgaṇēṃ To utter incoherent speeches; to rant, rave, or prate.

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satāra (सतार).—f ē or ī n ( P) A guitar with three strings.

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sāṭārā (साटारा).—m (sāṭaṇēṃ) A huge pile or mass (as of a house, stack, or other erection).

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sātārā (सातारा).—a C (sātaraṇēṃ, or sa & chatra) Luxuriant with branches and leaves; of rich foliage;-a tree or plant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

satarā (सतरा).—a Seventeen. satarā pandharā gōṣṭī sāṅgaṇēṃ Utter incoherent speeches, rant, raveprate.

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satāra (सतार).—f A guitar with three strings.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāra (शतार).—n.

(-raṃ) The thunderbolt. E. śata a hundred, to go, aff. aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatarā (शतरा):—[=śata-rā] [from śata] (śata-) mfn. = -sukha, [Ṛg-veda x, 106, 5; Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]

2) Śatāra (शतार):—[from śata] mn. (or tāra) ‘h°-angled’, a thunderbolt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) a [particular] Kalpa, [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya]

4) Satāra (सतार):—[=sa-tāra] [from sa > sa-takṣan] mfn. together with the stars (and ‘with Tārā’), [Harivaṃśa]

5) Satārā (सतारा):—f. Name of a country, [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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