Anika, aka: Anīka; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Anika in Purana glossaries]

Anīka (अनीक).—A son of first Sāvarṇa Manu*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 65.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Anika in Jainism glossaries]

Anīka (अनीक).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. The are also known by the name Anīkapati. The occupation of the anīkas is to act as an army-chief .

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Anīka (अनीक, “army chief”) refers to one of the ten grades (ranks) of celestial beings (deva), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.4. These celestial beings (devas, gods) are of four orders /classes” and each class of celestial beings has ten grades (eg., Anīka).

Who are called army chiefs (anīka)? The ‘army chief’ is like chief of army which consists of seven divisions such as infantry, etc.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Anika in Pali glossaries]

anīka : (nt.) an army.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anīka, (nt.) (Ved. anīka face, front, army to Idg. *ogǔ (see), cp. Gr. o)/mma eye, Lat. oculus, see also Sk. pratīka and P. akkhi) army, array, troops (orig. “front”, i. e. of the battle-array) Vin.IV, 107 (where expld. in detail); Sn.623 (bala° strong in arms, with strong array i. e. of khanti, which precedes; cp. SnA 467).

agga a splendid army Sn.421 (= balakāya senāmukha SnA 384). —ṭṭha a sentinel, royal guard D.III, 64, 148; J v.100; VI, 15 (“men on horseback”, horseguard); Miln.234, 264. —dassana troop-inspection D.I, 6 (aṇīka° at DA.I, 85, q. v. interpretation); Vin.IV, 107 (senābyūha +). (Page 33)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Anika in Marathi glossaries]

aṇīka (अणीक) [or ख, kha].—ad (anēka S) More, additionally, besides. 2 Again. 3 conj And. 4 a (Poetry.) Other, diverse, different.

--- OR ---

anīka (अनीक).—m n S An army, forces, troops.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṇīka (अणीक) [-kha, -ख].—ad More; again. a Other. conj And.

--- OR ---

anīka (अनीक).—m n An army. treeps.

--- OR ---

āṇīka (आणीक).—See under अ

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Anika in Sanskrit glossaries]

Anīka (अनीक).—[aniti jīvatyanena; an-īkan Uṇ.4.16-17]

1) Army, forces; troop, host; दृष्ट्वा तु पाण्डवानीकम् (dṛṣṭvā tu pāṇḍavānīkam) Bg.1.2. महारथानां प्रतिदन्त्यनीकम् (mahārathānāṃ pratidantyanīkam) Ki.16.14. पदातींश्च महीपालः पुरोऽ- नीकस्य योजयेत् (padātīṃśca mahīpālaḥ puro'- nīkasya yojayet) H.3.73.

2) A collection, group, mass; नवाम्बुदानीकमुहूर्तलाञ्छने (navāmbudānīkamuhūrtalāñchane) R.3.53.

3) Battle, fight, combat.

4) A row, line, marching column.

5) Front, head; chief; रथेषु नोऽनीकेष्वधिश्रियः (ratheṣu no'nīkeṣvadhiśriyaḥ) Rv.8.2.12. (senāmukheṣu); अग्निर्वै देवानामनीकम् (agnirvai devānāmanīkam) Śat. Br.; अग्निमनीकं कृत्वा (agnimanīkaṃ kṛtvā). cf. अनीकस्तु रेण सैन्ये सन्देहेऽपि च कथ्यते (anīkastu reṇa sainye sandehe'pi ca kathyate) Nm.

6) Face, countenance, ibid (mukham) (tasya prāṇavāyunissāraṇāt tathātvam); splendour; brilliance; form (tejas); स्वनीक (svanīka) Rv.7.1.23,3.6 (mostly Ved. in these two senses)

7) Edge, point.

Derivable forms: anīkaḥ (अनीकः), anīkam (अनीकम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Dandanika
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Tryanika
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Kunjaranika
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Ashvanika
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Hala
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