Anika, Anīka: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Anika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Anīka (अनीक).—A son of first Sāvarṇa Manu*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 65.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Anīka (अनीक).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. The are also known by the name Anīkapati. The occupation of the anīkas is to act as an army-chief .

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Anīka (अनीक, “army chief”) refers to one of the ten grades (ranks) of celestial beings (deva), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.4. These celestial beings (devas, gods) are of four orders /classes” and each class of celestial beings has ten grades (e.g., Anīka).

Who are called army chiefs (anīka)? The ‘army chief’ is like chief of army which consists of seven divisions such as infantry, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Anikā.—(EI 20), Prakrit suffixes to male and female names respectively, known from early South Indian inscrip- tions; same as annaka, annikā. Note: anikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Anaka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anīka : (nt.) an army.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anīka, (nt.) (Ved. anīka face, front, army to Idg. *ogǔ (see), cp. Gr. o)/mma eye, Lat. oculus, see also Sk. pratīka and P. akkhi) army, array, troops (orig. “front”, i. e. of the battle-array) Vin.IV, 107 (where expld. in detail); Sn.623 (bala° strong in arms, with strong array i. e. of khanti, which precedes; cp. SnA 467).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṇīka (अणीक) [or ख, kha].—ad (anēka S) More, additionally, besides. 2 Again. 3 conj And. 4 a (Poetry.) Other, diverse, different.

--- OR ---

anīka (अनीक).—m n S An army, forces, troops.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṇīka (अणीक) [-kha, -ख].—ad More; again. a Other. conj And.

--- OR ---

anīka (अनीक).—m n An army. treeps.

--- OR ---

āṇīka (आणीक).—See under अ

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anīka (अनीक).—[aniti jīvatyanena; an-īkan Uṇ.4.16-17]

1) Army, forces; troop, host; दृष्ट्वा तु पाण्डवानीकम् (dṛṣṭvā tu pāṇḍavānīkam) Bg.1.2. महारथानां प्रतिदन्त्यनीकम् (mahārathānāṃ pratidantyanīkam) Ki.16.14. पदातींश्च महीपालः पुरोऽ- नीकस्य योजयेत् (padātīṃśca mahīpālaḥ puro'- nīkasya yojayet) H.3.73.

2) A collection, group, mass; नवाम्बुदानीकमुहूर्तलाञ्छने (navāmbudānīkamuhūrtalāñchane) R.3.53.

3) Battle, fight, combat.

4) A row, line, marching column.

5) Front, head; chief; रथेषु नोऽनीकेष्वधिश्रियः (ratheṣu no'nīkeṣvadhiśriyaḥ) Rv.8.2.12. (senāmukheṣu); अग्निर्वै देवानामनीकम् (agnirvai devānāmanīkam) Śat. Br.; अग्निमनीकं कृत्वा (agnimanīkaṃ kṛtvā). cf. अनीकस्तु रेण सैन्ये सन्देहेऽपि च कथ्यते (anīkastu reṇa sainye sandehe'pi ca kathyate) Nm.

6) Face, countenance, ibid (mukham) (tasya prāṇavāyunissāraṇāt tathātvam); splendour; brilliance; form (tejas); स्वनीक (svanīka) Rv.7.1.23,3.6 (mostly Ved. in these two senses)

7) Edge, point.

Derivable forms: anīkaḥ (अनीकः), anīkam (अनीकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anīka (अनीक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. An army forces. 2. War, combat. E. an to live, and īkan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anīka (अनीक).—[an + īka], m. n. 1. The face (ved.), front (ved.). 2. An army, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 452.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anīka (अनीक).—[neuter] face, edge, point, front, troop, host.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anīka (अनीक):—mn. (√an), face

2) appearance, splendour, edge, point

3) front, row, array, march

4) army, forces

5) war, combat.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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