Shatayus, Śatāyus, Shata-ayus: 7 definitions

Introduction

Shatayus means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatāyus can be transliterated into English as Satayus or Shatayus, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatayus in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śatāyus (शतायुस्).—One of the six sons of Purūravas by Urvaśī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 75, Verse 24).

2) Śatāyus (शतायुस्).—A warrior, who fought on the Kaurava side against the Pāṇḍavas. He fought from the 'waist' position of the Vyūha made by Bhīṣma and courted death. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 75, Verse 22; Śalya Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 19).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatayus in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śatāyus (शतायुस्) is one of the sons of king according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 41. Accordingly, “... and a son of that King Cirāyus, born to him by another wife, named Śatāyus, was placed on his throne by his chief ministers”.

The story of Śatāyus and Cirāyus was narrated by Marubhūti in order to demonstrate that “this world of living beings was appointed by the Creator unstable, and full of grief hard to ward off, and even with hundreds of efforts it is impossible for anyone to do anything here which the Creator does not wish him to do”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śatāyus, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatāyus (शतायुस्).—a. lasting or living for a hundred years.

Śatāyus is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and āyus (आयुस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāyus (शतायुस्).—m.

(-yuḥ) A man of hundred years old. E. śata, and āyus life.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāyus (शतायुस्).—[feminine] śatāyuṣī = śatāyu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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