Lepana: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Lepana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Lepna.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Lepana (लेपन) or Upalepa refers to “smoothening/smearing (the earth)” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Lepana is mentioned in the Acintyaviśvasādākhya (chapter 14). The Mṛgendra-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 6) mentions Pralepana (“smoothing”). The Kiraṇa-āgama (kriyā-pāda, chpater 4) and the Ajita-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 21) mentions Samālepana (“smoothening”). The Pūrvakāmika-āgama (chapter 8) mentions Upalepa (=Lepana).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Lepana (लेपन, “ointment”) is another name for Lepa: a type of medicinal preparation, as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Lipta, lepana and ālepa are other names of Lepa (ointment). Drugs are pasted and then ghee, oil, honey etc are added to it if necessary. This pate form of drugs is applied thickly on the affected part. It is of three kinds, viz. doṣaghna (destroyer of ailments), viṣahara (anti-poison) and varṇya (complexion promoting). They should be applied with the thickness of four, three and half finger respectively.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Lepana (लेपन) refers to “herbal gel” and represents one of the modes of treatment for the venom (viṣa) of snakes, as taught in the Viṣacikitsā of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā. The Viṣacikitsā teaches both general first aid as well as specialised treatment and regimen for the different varieties of snakes. The Kāśyapa Saṃhitā deals exclusively and extensively with the symptoms and the corrective herbal treatment for poisonous bites of snakes. Various modes of treatment like are recommended in different prakaraṇas [e.g., lepana or herbal gel].

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Lepana (लेपन):—Anointing / application here application of antiseptics, any other germicidal solution to vitiated land to maintain biologically hygiene.

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Lepana (लेपन) refers to “adhering” and is the action (karma) associated with Picchila (“cloudy”): one of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Sūkṣma (“clear”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of fire, air, ether (space) and the associated actions of “cleansing/kṣālana”; while Picchila (“cloudy”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and is associated with the action “adhering/lepana”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Lepana (लेपन) refers to “smearing (one’s own body)”, according to the Haṭhapradīpikā 3.90.—Accordingly, “Pure ashes, which were produced by burning cow-dung, [should first be] placed in water. After having sex in which Vajrolī Mudrā [was performed], the woman and man, who are sitting comfortably and have finished love making, [should] immediately smear their own bodies (svāṅga-lepana) [with the ashes mixed with water]

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Lepana (लेपन) refers to “scrubbing” (the ground of the courtyard), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.52 (“The bridegroom’s party is fed and Śiva retires to bed”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O dear one, then the clever chief of mountains caused suitable arrangements to be made in the courtyard for feeding the visitors. He caused the ground to be swept clean and scrubbed (lepana) well. Different kinds of fragrant stuffs were used to make the place attractive and pleasing. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Lepana in India is the name of a plant defined with Altingia excelsa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Liquidambar altingiana Blume.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1977)
· Verhandelingen van het bataviaasch genootschap van kunsten en wetenschappen (1790)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Lepana, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lepana : (nt.) a smearing; coating.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lepana, (nt.) (fr. lip) smearing, plastering, anointing Vin. II, 172 (kuḍḍa°); A. IV, 107 (vāsana°), 111 (id.); J. II, 117. Cp. abhi°, ā°, pa° (Page 586)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lēpana (लेपन).—n S Plastering, smearing, daubing. 2 Any material to be smeared or rubbed over.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lepana (लेपन).—[lip-lyuṭ] Incense.

-nam 1 Anointing, smearing, plastering; भूशिद्धिः (bhūśiddhiḥ) ...... गृहं मार्जनलेपनात् (gṛhaṃ mārjanalepanāt) Y.1.188.

2) A plaster, an ointment.

3) Mortar, white-wash.

4) Flesh.

Derivable forms: lepanaḥ (लेपनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lepana (लेपन).—[, error for lapana, q.v.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lepana (लेपन).—m.

(-naḥ) Incense. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Smearing, plastering, anointing. 2. An ointment. 3. Flesh. E. lip to smear, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lepana (लेपन).—i. e. lip + ana, n. 1. Anointing, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 11, 2. 2. Smearing. 3. Plastering, Chr. 57, 22; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 41 (both at the end of comp. adj. Plastered with). 4. Mortar, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 76.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lepana (लेपन).—[neuter] smearing, daubing, ointment, plaster, mortar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lepana (लेपन):—[from lip] n. the act of smearing, anointing, plastering, spreading on [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ointment, plaster, mortar (ifc. = smeared or plastered with), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] flesh, meat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. olibanum, incense, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lepana (लेपन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A smearing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lepana (लेपन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Liṃpaṇa, Levaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lepana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Lepana (लेपन):—(nm) anointing; coating; smearing.

2) Lepanā (लेपना) [Also spelled lepna]:—(v) to anoint; to coat; to smear.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lēpana (ಲೇಪನ):—[noun] = ಲೇಪ - [lepa -] 1 & 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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