Drava, Dravā, Drāva: 21 definitions


Drava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Drav.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Dravā (द्रवा, “Flowing”):—Sixth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Sukṛtālayā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) water. Dravā represents a specific quality water. They are presided over by the Bhairava Kapālīśa and his consort named Cāmuṇḍā. Sukṛtālayā is the Last of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents water.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Drava (द्रव, “liquid”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Drava is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘fluidity’, while its opposing quality, Sāndra, refers to its ‘thickness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Drava, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Water (ap).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Drava (द्रव):—Liquid; one among the 20 gurvadi guna

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Drava (द्रव, “liquid”) and Sāndra (“dense”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Sāndra (“dense”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and the associated actions of “solidifying/prasādana”; while Drava (“liquid”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of water and is associated with the action “liquifying/viloḍana”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Drava (द्रव) refers to a “(beautiful) liquid”, according to the Vāruṇī Pūjā [i.e., Varuni Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Immersed in the heat of a flaming fire impelled by wind, seed syllables etc., a very young, bright colored, beautiful liquid (drava-rūpa), widely diffused, settled down, born of a Hūṃ, becoming pure liquefied immortality, becoming divine like Pātāla, with seven milky oceans, attract to one's self the five ambrosias”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Drava (द्रव) refers to “water (Herukas)”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, [while describing the Heart Circle (hṛdayacakra)]: “[...]  Then, he should discern Leader [Herukas on the first circle]. Light Herukas are proclaimed [on the second circle]. Lotus Herukas are on the third. Space [Herukas] are taught on the fourth. Wind Herukas are on the fifth. Earth Herukas are taught on the sixth. Fire Herukas are on the seventh. Water (drava) Herukas are on the eighth. Knowledge Herukas are on the ninth. Mind Herukas are on the tenth. Speech Herukas are on the eleventh. Body [Herukas] are taught on the twelfth. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Drava.—(EI 20), a kind of dancing. Note: drava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

drava (द्रव).—m (S) Juice or sap; inherent moisture gen. 2 Oozing out, or the matter oozing; exudation, or an exudation; dropping, distilling, trickling. 3 Fusion or liquefaction. 4 fig. The melting of pity or tenderness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

drava (द्रव).—m Juice; exudation; fusion; the melting of pity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—a. [dru gatau-bhāve ap]

1) Running (as a horse); सत्यो द्रवो द्रवरः पतङ्गरः (satyo dravo dravaraḥ pataṅgaraḥ) Ṛgveda 4.4.2.

2) Dropping, oozing, wet, dripping; आक्षिप्य काचिद् द्रवरागमेव (ākṣipya kācid dravarāgameva) (pādam) R.7.7.

3) Flowing, fluid.

4) Liquid (opp. kaṭhina); द्रवः संघातकठिनः (dravaḥ saṃghātakaṭhinaḥ) (asi) Kumārasambhava 2.11.

5) Melted, liquefied.

-vaḥ 1 Going, walking about, motion.

2) Dropping, trickling, oozing, exudation.

3) Flight, retreat.

4) Play, amusement, sport.

5) Fluidity, liquefaction

6) A liquid substance, fluid; द्रव इव हृदयस्य प्रस्तरोद्भेदयोग्यः (drava iva hṛdayasya prastarodbhedayogyaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.25;2.16.

7) Juice, essence; पिबत भागवतं रसमालयम् (pibata bhāgavataṃ rasamālayam) Bhāgavata 1.1.3.

8) Decoction.

9) Speed, velocity.

1) (in drama) The flying out against one's superior. (dravīkṛ means 'to melt, liquefy'. dravībhū to be melted, as with pity &c.; dravībhavati me manaḥ Mv.7.34; dravībhūtaṃ premṇā tava hṛdayamasmin kṣaṇa iva Uttararāmacarita 3.13; dravībhūtaṃ manye patati jalarūpeṇa gaganam Mṛcchakaṭika 5.25.

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Drāva (द्राव).—[dru-bhāve-ghañ]

1) Flight, retreat.

2) Speed.

3) Running, flowing.

4) Heat.

5) Liquefaction, melting.

Derivable forms: drāvaḥ (द्रावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—(m., = Sanskrit Lex., and late lit., id., see Schmidt, Nachtr. s.v.; Pali dava), sport, play: Bodhisattvabhūmi 169.5 saṃkili- kilāyate auddhatyaṃ dravaṃ prāviṣkaroti pareṣāṃ hāsa- yitukāmo; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.16.2 (mātṛgrāmeṇa…) saṃkilikilāyete, audatyaṃ (read auddhatyaṃ) dravaṃ (Tibetan ḥphyar bar byed, assuming a seductive attitude) kāyitāntyaṃ(?)kuru- taḥ; Jātakamālā 225.11 -drava-hāsa-nādaṃ; (?) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 189.1 mā khalv ima ekam eva buddhajñānaṃ śrutvā draveṇaiva (in mere sport, lightly, not taking it seriously? but Burnouf bien vite, Kern suddenly) pratinivartayeyur…

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Drāva (द्राव).—(?) , nt. (vv.11. drāṣa, naṣa), some part of the body, in a passage (verses, tho printed as prose) identifying various bodily parts with features of the outside world: (sāgaraś cāpy amedhyaṃ vai) drāvaṃ Brahmā Prajāpatiḥ Divyāvadāna 628.29. I have no idea what is intended; but sarvaṃ, conjectured in note, seems implausible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Dropping, oozing. 2. Flowing. 3. Fluid, liquid. 4. Fused, liquefied, melted. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Going, motion. 2. Flight, retreat. 3. Sport, amusement. 4. Juice, essence, exudation. 5. Fusion, liquefaction. 6. Decoction. 7. Dropping, distilling, trickling. E. dru to go, to go out of, to drop, affix bhāve ap .

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Drāva (द्राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Flight, retreat. 2. Speed, going quickly. 3. Flowing, running. 4. Fusion, liquefaction. 5. Heat. E. dru to go, affix bhāve ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—i. e. dru + a, I. adj. 1. Running (ved.). 2. Liquid, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12333. 3. n. A liquid substance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 115. Ii. m. 1. Quick motion, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11430. 2. Flight, 12567. 3. Fluidity, Bhāṣāp. 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—[adjective] running, swift, flowing, liquid, overflowing or full of (—°); [masculine] course, flight; liquid substance, juice, essence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Drava (द्रव):—mfn. ([from] √2. dru) running (as a horse), [Ṛg-veda iv, 40, 2]

2) flowing, fluid, dropping, dripping, trickling or overflowing with ([compound]), [Kāṭhaka; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

3) fused, liquefied, melted, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) m. going, quick motion, flight, [Harivaṃśa]

5) play, sport, [Jātakamālā]

6) distilling, trickling, fluidity, [Bhāṣāpariccheda]

7) juice, essence, decoction

8) stream or gush of ([compound]), [Kāvya literature]

9) ([dramatic language]) the flying out against one’s superior, [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

10) Name of one of the Viśve Devās, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

11) Drāva (द्राव):—m. ([from] √2. dru) going quickly, speed, flight

12) fusing, liquefaction

13) heat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Drava (द्रव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Going; flight; sport; juice; flowing; iron. a. Liquid.

2) Drāva (द्राव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Flight, speed; fusion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Drava (द्रव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Drava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Drava (द्रव) [Also spelled drav]:—(nm) a liquid, fluid; ~[cālita] hydraulic; ~[tā/tva] fluidity; liquidity; ~[śīla] melting, prone to melt away; ~[sthaitika] hydrostatic; ~[sthaitikī] hydrostatics.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Drava (ದ್ರವ):—

1) [adjective] running (as a horse).

2) [adjective] leaking, seeping or oozing out slowly (as through very small holes).

3) [adjective] readily flowing; running in a stream.

4) [adjective] being in the form of liquid; liquefied.

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Drava (ದ್ರವ):—

1) [noun] a moving with a fast pace; a running; a galloping.

2) [noun] that which readily flows (as water); a liquid.

3) [noun] any activity or experience that gives enjoyment or recreation; a sport.

4) [noun] the condition of containing moisture or quality of being moist.

5) [noun] the condition or fact of melting, being liquefied.

6) [noun] a liquid substance made by decocting; decoction.

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Drāva (ದ್ರಾವ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of running.

2) [noun] the speed or force with which one moves or is moving.

3) [noun] the act or fact of flowing in a stream; flow.

4) [noun] the act of melting (a solid substance).

5) [noun] he process of first heating a mixture to separate the more volatile parts from the less volatile parts, and then cooling and condensing the resulting vapour so as to produce a nearly pure or refined substance; distillation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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