Drava, Dravā, Drāva: 17 definitions



Drava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Drav.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Dravā (द्रवा, “Flowing”):—Sixth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Sukṛtālayā, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ) are associated with the (element) water. Dravā represents a specific quality water. They are presided over by the Bhairava Kapālīśa and his consort named Cāmuṇḍā. Sukṛtālayā is the Last of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents water.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Drava (द्रव, “liquid”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Drava is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘fluidity’, while its opposing quality, Sāndra, refers to its ‘thickness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Drava, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Water (ap).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Drava (द्रव):—Liquid; one among the 20 gurvadi guna

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Drava (द्रव, “liquid”) and Sāndra (“dense”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Sāndra (“dense”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and the associated actions of “solidifying/prasādana”; while Drava (“liquid”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of water and is associated with the action “liquifying/viloḍana”.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Drava.—(EI 20), a kind of dancing. Note: drava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

drava (द्रव).—m (S) Juice or sap; inherent moisture gen. 2 Oozing out, or the matter oozing; exudation, or an exudation; dropping, distilling, trickling. 3 Fusion or liquefaction. 4 fig. The melting of pity or tenderness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

drava (द्रव).—m Juice; exudation; fusion; the melting of pity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—a. [dru gatau-bhāve ap]

1) Running (as a horse); सत्यो द्रवो द्रवरः पतङ्गरः (satyo dravo dravaraḥ pataṅgaraḥ) Rv.4.4.2.

2) Dropping, oozing, wet, dripping; आक्षिप्य काचिद् द्रवरागमेव (ākṣipya kācid dravarāgameva) (pādam) R.7.7.

3) Flowing, fluid.

4) Liquid (opp. kaṭhina); द्रवः संघातकठिनः (dravaḥ saṃghātakaṭhinaḥ) (asi) Ku.2.11.

5) Melted, liquefied.

-vaḥ 1 Going, walking about, motion.

2) Dropping, trickling, oozing, exudation.

3) Flight, retreat.

4) Play, amusement, sport.

5) Fluidity, liquefaction

6) A liquid substance, fluid; द्रव इव हृदयस्य प्रस्तरोद्भेदयोग्यः (drava iva hṛdayasya prastarodbhedayogyaḥ) U.3.25;2.16.

7) Juice, essence; पिबत भागवतं रसमालयम् (pibata bhāgavataṃ rasamālayam) Bhāg.1.1.3.

8) Decoction.

9) Speed, velocity.

1) (in drama) The flying out against one's superior. (dravīkṛ means 'to melt, liquefy'. dravībhū to be melted, as with pity &c.; dravībhavati me manaḥ Mv.7.34; dravībhūtaṃ premṇā tava hṛdayamasmin kṣaṇa iva U.3.13; dravībhūtaṃ manye patati jalarūpeṇa gaganam Mk.5.25.

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Drāva (द्राव).—[dru-bhāve-ghañ]

1) Flight, retreat.

2) Speed.

3) Running, flowing.

4) Heat.

5) Liquefaction, melting.

Derivable forms: drāvaḥ (द्रावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—(m., = Sanskrit Lex., and late lit., id., see Schmidt, Nachtr. s.v.; Pali dava), sport, play: Bodhisattvabhūmi 169.5 saṃkili- kilāyate auddhatyaṃ dravaṃ prāviṣkaroti pareṣāṃ hāsa- yitukāmo; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.16.2 (mātṛgrāmeṇa…) saṃkilikilāyete, audatyaṃ (read auddhatyaṃ) dravaṃ (Tibetan ḥphyar bar byed, assuming a seductive attitude) kāyitāntyaṃ(?)kuru- taḥ; Jātakamālā 225.11 -drava-hāsa-nādaṃ; (?) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 189.1 mā khalv ima ekam eva buddhajñānaṃ śrutvā draveṇaiva (in mere sport, lightly, not taking it seriously? but Burnouf bien vite, Kern suddenly) pratinivartayeyur…

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Drāva (द्राव).—(?) , nt. (vv.11. drāṣa, naṣa), some part of the body, in a passage (verses, tho printed as prose) identifying various bodily parts with features of the outside world: (sāgaraś cāpy amedhyaṃ vai) drāvaṃ Brahmā Prajāpatiḥ Divyāvadāna 628.29. I have no idea what is intended; but sarvaṃ, conjectured in note, seems implausible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Dropping, oozing. 2. Flowing. 3. Fluid, liquid. 4. Fused, liquefied, melted. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Going, motion. 2. Flight, retreat. 3. Sport, amusement. 4. Juice, essence, exudation. 5. Fusion, liquefaction. 6. Decoction. 7. Dropping, distilling, trickling. E. dru to go, to go out of, to drop, affix bhāve ap .

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Drāva (द्राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Flight, retreat. 2. Speed, going quickly. 3. Flowing, running. 4. Fusion, liquefaction. 5. Heat. E. dru to go, affix bhāve ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—i. e. dru + a, I. adj. 1. Running (ved.). 2. Liquid, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12333. 3. n. A liquid substance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 115. Ii. m. 1. Quick motion, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11430. 2. Flight, 12567. 3. Fluidity, Bhāṣāp. 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drava (द्रव).—[adjective] running, swift, flowing, liquid, overflowing or full of (—°); [masculine] course, flight; liquid substance, juice, essence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Drava (द्रव):—mfn. ([from] √2. dru) running (as a horse), [Ṛg-veda iv, 40, 2]

2) flowing, fluid, dropping, dripping, trickling or overflowing with ([compound]), [Kāṭhaka; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

3) fused, liquefied, melted, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) m. going, quick motion, flight, [Harivaṃśa]

5) play, sport, [Jātakamālā]

6) distilling, trickling, fluidity, [Bhāṣāpariccheda]

7) juice, essence, decoction

8) stream or gush of ([compound]), [Kāvya literature]

9) ([dramatic language]) the flying out against one’s superior, [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

10) Name of one of the Viśve Devās, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

11) Drāva (द्राव):—m. ([from] √2. dru) going quickly, speed, flight

12) fusing, liquefaction

13) heat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Drava (द्रव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Going; flight; sport; juice; flowing; iron. a. Liquid.

2) Drāva (द्राव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Flight, speed; fusion.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Drava (द्रव):—(von 1. dru)

1) adj. a) laufend, vom Rosse [Ṛgveda 4, 40, 2.] — b) laufend, flüssig; subst. Flüssigkeit, Saft [?(Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 30, 229. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 638. Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 523. Medinīkoṣa v. 9. fg.) Kāṭhaka-Recension 27, 7.] yadaṇḍamadhye skannaṃ tu dravamāsītsamāhitam [Harivaṃśa 12333.] [Suśruta 1, 8, 21. 33, 5. 78, 14. 169, 8. 194, 9. 2, 350, 15. 436, 9. 443, 18.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 92, 6.] [Raghuvaṃśa 7, 7.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 2, 11.] dravāṇāṃ caiva sarveṣāṃ śuddhirutpavanaṃ smṛtam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 115.] dravāṇāṃ caiva sarveṣāṃ peyānāmāpa uttamāḥ [Mahābhārata 14, 1221.] mūrti [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 24.] [Suśruta 2, 175, 10.] adravapāyin [1, 239, 8.] samūha [313, 5.] annaṃ dravaprāyam [2, 46, 18.] samātuluṅga [326, 10.] kāśmīra [Bhartṛhari 1, 48.] amṛta [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 1, 3. 4, 23, 16.] dravasvacchāntarātman [Hitopadeśa I, 93.] Vgl. godrava . —

2) m. nom. act. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 27,] [Scholiast] a) Lauf, rasche Rewegung; Flucht; = gati, vega, pradrāva, vidrava [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 79.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 802.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [VIŚVA] und [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] māruta [Harivaṃśa 11430.] daityadravakara [12567.] — b) das Herumlaufen, Spiel, Scherz [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 32.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 555.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) das Flüssigsein, der tropfbare Zustand eines Körpers: mādhuryadravaśaityādijaladharmāḥ [Bālabodhanī 44.] [Bhāṣāpariccheda 27. 29.] — Vgl. a .

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Drāva (द्राव):—(von 1. dru) m. Lauf; Fluss, das Flüssigwerden; s. drāvakara .

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Drava (द्रव):—

1) b) amṛtadravaiḥ karaiḥ triefend von [Śiśupālavadha 9, 36.] anurāga (praṇaya) so v. a. überfliessend [Spr. 3472.] —

2) d) in der Dramatik das Herausfahren gegen einen Höherstehenden [DAŚAR.1,41.] [Sāhityadarpana 378. 381.] [PRATĀPAR. 41,a,7.]

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Drava (द्रव):—(Nachträge)

2) d) [Bharata] [NĀṬYAŚ. 19, 90.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Drava (द्रव):——

1) Adj. — a) laufend. — b) flüssig. Am Ende eines Comp. triefend — , überfliessend von. — c) gefühlvoll [Indische sprüche 367,] v.l. —

2) m. — a) Lauf , rasche Bewegung , Flucht. — b) *Spiel , Scherz. — c) das Flüssigsein , der tropfbare Zustand eines Körpers. — d) Flüssigkeit , Saft [306,19.] śātakumbha flüssiges Gold [292,19.] [Indische sprüche 7688.] — e) in der Dramatik das Herausfahren gegen einen Höhern. — f) Nomen proprium eines der Viśve Devās [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 4.1,811,18.]

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Drāva (द्राव):—m. Nom. act. von 1. dru.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Drava (द्रव) [Also spelled drav]:—(nm) a liquid, fluid; ~[cālita] hydraulic; ~[tā/tva] fluidity; liquidity; ~[śīla] melting, prone to melt away; ~[sthaitika] hydrostatic; ~[sthaitikī] hydrostatics.

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