Sevaka, Shevaka: 24 definitions


Sevaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sevak.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to “one who is an attendant”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not hate the Ācārya, Putraka and others, be a servant of others, a glutton, attendant (sevaka), prone to disasters, wicked or afflicted with disease. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., sevaka), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., sevaka) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to “servants” (viz., of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Vīrabhadra said to Viṣṇu:—“[...] as Śiva, so you. As you, so Śiva. O Viṣṇu, thus speak the Vedas at the bidding of Śiva. O lord of Lakṣmī, all of us are the servants [viz., sevaka] of Śiva. We work at the bidding of Śiva. Still due to respect we speak and argue thus”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to:—Servitor. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to “servants”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If the disc should be eclipsed at one of the corners, the Mlecchas, persons proceeding to battle and those who live by fire will perish; if the southern limb should be eclipsed aquatic creatures as well as elephants will die; and if the northern limb should be eclipsed cows will suffer. If the eastern limb should be eclipsed there will be abundant rain; if the western limb should be eclipsed, farmers and servants [i.e., sevaka] will suffer and seed grains will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sevaka (सेवक) is a Sanskrit word referring to “a servant”.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Tessitori Collection I

1) Sevaka (सेवक) is the author of the Sanatakumārarāsa (dealing with Prince Sanatkumāra, the fourth Cakravartin), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The same text (of the Sanatakumārarāsa) was signed by two different persons, a Sevaka who is difficult to locate, and a Ṛṣi Udau (udo) belonging to the pārśvacandragaccha.

2) Sevaka (सेवक) is also the author of the Ṛṣabhadhavalabandha (dealing with classical hymns and stotras from Jain literature).—In this manuscript, as in many others, the author’s name is given as Sevaka. According to Jain gurjar Kavio the author’s name is Śrīvanta, who belonged to the kaḍavāgaccha (on the founder of which see p. dundas, ‘Jainism without Monks? the case of Kaḍuā Śāh’, pp. 19-35 in Approaches to Jaina Studies: Philosophy, Logic, Ritual and Symbols, ed. by n.K. Wagle and o. Qvarnström. univ. of toronto, 1999). The work does not give the date of composition, but the oldest ms. available to M.d. desai had been copied in VS 1530. Therefore he ascribes the author to the 16th century VS. According to ed. Sevaka was a pupil of guṇanidhānasūri of the añcalagaccha and composed this work in VS 1633 (?).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sevaka.—(SITI), a soldier; cf. sevaka-ttevai (SITI), expenses in connection with the supply and maintenance of retainers of chiefs and officers during their visit to a place. Note: sevaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas (history)

Sevaka refers to “attendants” or “servants” working at Śiva temples, according to [medieval] temple inscriptions and Śaivāgamas.— The various Sevakas of the temple were not employees in the typical sense. Each was in the service of the Lord and each had a special relationship to the Deity of the temple. They could not be paid merely a salary; their compensation involved either land, or paddy along with share of the sanctified food offering. [...]

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sevaka : (m.) a servant; an attendant. (adj.), serving; associating.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sevaka, serving, following; a servant, dependent J. II, 12, 125, 420; SnA 453. See vipakkha°. (Page 724)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śēvaka (शेवक).—m (Corr. from sēvaka) A servant.

--- OR ---

sēvaka (सेवक).—m & a (S) A servant. 2 That serves; ministerial, menial, serving, servile. 3 That uses, employs, applies &c. See the detail under sēvana.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sēvaka (सेवक).—m A servant. a That serves. That uses.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—a. [sev-ṇvul]

1) Serving, worshipping, honouring.

2) Practising, following.

3) Dependent, servile.

-kaḥ 1 A servant, dependant; सेवया धनमिच्छद्भिः सेवकैः पश्य किं कृतम् । स्वातन्त्र्यं यच्छरीरस्य मूढैस्तदपि हारितम् (sevayā dhanamicchadbhiḥ sevakaiḥ paśya kiṃ kṛtam | svātantryaṃ yaccharīrasya mūḍhaistadapi hāritam) || H.2. 2.

2) A votary, worshipper.

3) A sewer.

4) A sack.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—(Sanskrit Lex. said to mean sack), patch, = āsevaka, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Servile, dependent. 2. Practising. 3. Serving. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A sack. 2. A servant. 3. A votary. E. ṣev to serve, or viv to sew, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—[sev + aka] [A.], I. adj. Servile, dependent, Ii. m. A servant, [Pañcatantra] 217, 25; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 51 (read deva sevakaḥ, ‘O king, a servant of the minister Śūra, hold by him like a son...’). B. i. e. siv + aka, A sack.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—(—°) inhabiting, serving, revering, practising; [masculine] inhabitant etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sevaka (सेवक):—[from siv] a See 2. sev sub voce

2) [from sev] 1. sevaka mfn. (for 2. See [column]2) dwelling in, inhabiting ([compound]), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] practising, using, employing ([compound]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] revering, worshipping (mostly [compound]), [Yājñavalkya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a servant, attendant, follower, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) [v.s. ...] a votary, worshipper, [Harivaṃśa; Pañcarātra]

7) 2. sevaka m. ([from] √siv; for 1. sevaka See [column]1) one that sews, a sewer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) a sack, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Servile, dependant. m. A servant; a sack.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sevaka (सेवक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Seuya, Sevaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sevaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक) [Also spelled sevak]:—(nm) a servant, an attendant; ~[gaṇa] totality of servants, suite (of servants); hence [sevikā] (nf).

context information


Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sēvaka (ಸೇವಕ):—

1) [noun] a man employed by another, esp. to perform domestic duties; a servant.

2) [noun] a man working for another person or a business firm for pay; an employee.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक):—n. 1. a servant; 2. one attending (on); 3. a worshiper; a devotee;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

Discover the meaning of sevaka in the context of Nepali from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: