Sevaka, aka: Shevaka; 11 Definition(s)


Sevaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to “one who is an attendant”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not hate the Ācārya, Putraka and others, be a servant of others, a glutton, attendant (sevaka), prone to disasters, wicked or afflicted with disease. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., sevaka), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., sevaka) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sevaka (सेवक) is a Sanskrit word referring to “a servant”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Sevaka.—(SITI), a soldier; cf. sevaka-ttevai (SITI), expenses in connection with the supply and maintenance of retainers of chiefs and officers during their visit to a place. Note: sevaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sevaka refers to “attendants” or “servants” working at Śiva temples, according to [medieval] temple inscriptions and Śaivāgamas.— The various Sevakas of the temple were not employees in the typical sense. Each was in the service of the Lord and each had a special relationship to the Deity of the temple. They could not be paid merely a salary; their compensation involved either land, or paddy along with share of the sanctified food offering. [...]

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sevaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sevaka : (m.) a servant; an attendant. (adj.), serving; associating.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sevaka, serving, following; a servant, dependent J. II, 12, 125, 420; SnA 453. See vipakkha°. (Page 724)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

śēvaka (शेवक).—m (Corr. from sēvaka) A servant.

--- OR ---

sēvaka (सेवक).—m & a (S) A servant. 2 That serves; ministerial, menial, serving, servile. 3 That uses, employs, applies &c. See the detail under sēvana.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sēvaka (सेवक).—m A servant. a That serves. That uses.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—a. [sev-ṇvul]

1) Serving, worshipping, honouring.

2) Practising, following.

3) Dependent, servile.

-kaḥ 1 A servant, dependant; सेवया धनमिच्छद्भिः सेवकैः पश्य किं कृतम् । स्वातन्त्र्यं यच्छरीरस्य मूढैस्तदपि हारितम् (sevayā dhanamicchadbhiḥ sevakaiḥ paśya kiṃ kṛtam | svātantryaṃ yaccharīrasya mūḍhaistadapi hāritam) || H.2. 2.

2) A votary, worshipper.

3) A sewer.

4) A sack.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—(Sanskrit Lex. said to mean sack), patch, = āsevaka, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Servile, dependent. 2. Practising. 3. Serving. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A sack. 2. A servant. 3. A votary. E. ṣev to serve, or viv to sew, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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