Sevaka, Shevaka: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sevaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sevak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to “servants” (viz., of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Vīrabhadra said to Viṣṇu:—“[...] as Śiva, so you. As you, so Śiva. O Viṣṇu, thus speak the Vedas at the bidding of Śiva. O lord of Lakṣmī, all of us are the servants [viz., sevaka] of Śiva. We work at the bidding of Śiva. Still due to respect we speak and argue thus”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to “one who is an attendant”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not hate the Ācārya, Putraka and others, be a servant of others, a glutton, attendant (sevaka), prone to disasters, wicked or afflicted with disease. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., sevaka), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., sevaka) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sevaka (सेवक) refers to:—Servitor. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sevaka (सेवक) is a Sanskrit word referring to “a servant”.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sevaka.—(SITI), a soldier; cf. sevaka-ttevai (SITI), expenses in connection with the supply and maintenance of retainers of chiefs and officers during their visit to a place. Note: sevaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas (history)

Sevaka refers to “attendants” or “servants” working at Śiva temples, according to [medieval] temple inscriptions and Śaivāgamas.— The various Sevakas of the temple were not employees in the typical sense. Each was in the service of the Lord and each had a special relationship to the Deity of the temple. They could not be paid merely a salary; their compensation involved either land, or paddy along with share of the sanctified food offering. [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sevaka : (m.) a servant; an attendant. (adj.), serving; associating.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sevaka, serving, following; a servant, dependent J. II, 12, 125, 420; SnA 453. See vipakkha°. (Page 724)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śēvaka (शेवक).—m (Corr. from sēvaka) A servant.

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sēvaka (सेवक).—m & a (S) A servant. 2 That serves; ministerial, menial, serving, servile. 3 That uses, employs, applies &c. See the detail under sēvana.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sēvaka (सेवक).—m A servant. a That serves. That uses.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—a. [sev-ṇvul]

1) Serving, worshipping, honouring.

2) Practising, following.

3) Dependent, servile.

-kaḥ 1 A servant, dependant; सेवया धनमिच्छद्भिः सेवकैः पश्य किं कृतम् । स्वातन्त्र्यं यच्छरीरस्य मूढैस्तदपि हारितम् (sevayā dhanamicchadbhiḥ sevakaiḥ paśya kiṃ kṛtam | svātantryaṃ yaccharīrasya mūḍhaistadapi hāritam) || H.2. 2.

2) A votary, worshipper.

3) A sewer.

4) A sack.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—(Sanskrit Lex. said to mean sack), patch, = āsevaka, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Servile, dependent. 2. Practising. 3. Serving. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A sack. 2. A servant. 3. A votary. E. ṣev to serve, or viv to sew, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—[sev + aka] [A.], I. adj. Servile, dependent, Ii. m. A servant, [Pañcatantra] 217, 25; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 51 (read deva sevakaḥ, ‘O king, a servant of the minister Śūra, hold by him like a son...’). B. i. e. siv + aka, A sack.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक).—(—°) inhabiting, serving, revering, practising; [masculine] inhabitant etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sevaka (सेवक):—[from siv] a See 2. sev sub voce

2) [from sev] 1. sevaka mfn. (for 2. See [column]2) dwelling in, inhabiting ([compound]), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] practising, using, employing ([compound]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] revering, worshipping (mostly [compound]), [Yājñavalkya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a servant, attendant, follower, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) [v.s. ...] a votary, worshipper, [Harivaṃśa; Pañcarātra]

7) 2. sevaka m. ([from] √siv; for 1. sevaka See [column]1) one that sews, a sewer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) a sack, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Servile, dependant. m. A servant; a sack.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sevaka (सेवक):—1. (von sīv) m. Sack [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 110] (praseve zu lesen). [Medinīkoṣa k. 170.]

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Sevaka (सेवक):—2. (von sev) nom. ag. (f. sevakā gaṇa kṣipakādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 45, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 6).]

1) bewohnend: śmaśānagṛha [Mahābhārata 12, 13148.] —

2) m. Diener, Dienstmann [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 9.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 496.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 110.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 170.] [Halāyudha 2, 273.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 32, 21.] [Spr. (II) 1078. 1301. 2431] (nitya). [3383] (sevakottama). [3662. 4217. 4290. 4568. 4619. 5462. 6469. 7167. fgg. 7340. fg.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 34. 15, 26. 101, 6] (nṛpa). [Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 157. 38, 7.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 140. 167. 4, 207. 5, 51] (deva se zu trennen, wie schon [BENFEY] bemerkt). [197.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 6, 10. 10, 5.] [Pañcatantra 217, 25.] [Hitopadeśa 41, 22. 51, 15. 110, 17.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 14, 571, 22.] āpatsevaka ein Diener im Unglück [Spr. (II) 803.] —

3) ehrend, Verehrer [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 320.] vṛddha [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 308.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 16, 16.] mantripravara [Harivaṃśa 6193.] sat [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 15, 7. 10, 60, 35.] śrīkṛṣṇa [PAÑCAR. 1, 2, 23.] —

4) einer Sache obliegend: kiṃśuka pflegend [Spr. (II) 679.] yuddhaika [Kathāsaritsāgara 35, 33.] — Vgl. kula, dvija, rāja, rāma .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sevaka (सेवक) [Also spelled sevak]:—(nm) a servant, an attendant; ~[gaṇa] totality of servants, suite (of servants); hence [sevikā] (nf).

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