Sivaka, Sīvaka, Shivaka, Śivaka: 5 definitions


Sivaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivaka can be transliterated into English as Sivaka or Shivaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sivaka. A Yakkha who helped Anathapindika to find the Buddha at Sitavana (Vin.ii.155f; S.i.211). He is mentioned among the chief Yakkhas to be invoked by followers of the Buddha in time of need (D.iii.205).

2. Sivaka. See Moliya Sivaka.

3. Sivaka. The physician of King Sivi. See the Sivi Jataka. He is identified with Ananda. J.iv.412.

4. Sivaka Thera. The nephew of Vanavaccha. When Vanavacchas sister heard that he had left the world and was living in the forest, she sent her son Sivaka to be ordained under the Elder and to wait upon him. He lived in the forest with his uncle, and one day, while on his way to the village, fell very ill. The Elder, on finding that he did not return, went in search of him, and, finding him ill, tended him; but as dawn drew near, he suggested that they should both return to the forest as he had never before stayed in the village since joining the Order. Sivaka agreed, and entered the forest leaning on his uncles arm. There Sivaka won arahantship.

Thirty one kappas ago he had seen Vessabhu Buddha in the forest and offered him a kasumarika fruit (Thag.vs.14; ThagA.i.60f). He is probably identical with Kasumaraphaladayaka of the Apadana. Ap.ii.445.

5. Sivaka Thera. He belonged to a brahmin family of Rajagaha, and, when he had acquired a good education, became a Paribbajaka. Then he heard the Buddha preach, entered the Order, and became an arahant.

Ninety one kappas ago he had given Vipassi Buddha a bowl of boiled rice (kummasa) (Thag.vss.183-4; ThagA.i.307f). He is evidently identical with Kummasadayaka of the Apadana. Ap.ii.415.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śivaka (शिवक).—

1) A post to which cows or cattle in general are tied.

2) A post for cattle to rub against, scratching-post.

3) An image of Śiva.

Derivable forms: śivakaḥ (शिवकः).

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Sivaka (सिवक).—A sewer, sticher.

Derivable forms: sivakaḥ (सिवकः).

See also (synonyms): siva.

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Sīvaka (सीवक).—A sewer.

Derivable forms: sīvakaḥ (सीवकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sīvaka (सीवक).—[, em. for sevaka = āsevaka, q.v., patch.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivaka (शिवक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A post to which cows or calves are tied. 2. A post for cattle to rub against. E. śiva the same, kan aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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